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# yȏKChzȏaX@5yz

1 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 09:32:18
yȏKChzȏaX@5yz

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Ea˗鑤͘a󂵂ĂقSڂ邪
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E˗Ƃ́u낵va󂵂Ău肪Ƃv
Epł

ȏ̓_𓥂܂Đ_lɖ󂵂Ă炢܂傤

yȏ̖OAy[Wz

ĂȊł낵肢܂

OX
yȏKChzȏaXyz
yȏKChzȏaX 2@yz
yȏKChzȏaX R@yz
yȏKChzȏaX 4@yz

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http://2ch.dumper.jp/0004439348/

2 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 09:35:18
>635>>403-404͂ǂH
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3 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 09:35:54
>639
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4 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 09:39:30
͎ЉlAS󂪂ȂZȏKpނƂĎgĂl̃XłH

5 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 15:06:50
łB
>>2>>3

6 F1/2F2006/05/14() 19:48:09

We@constantly@hear@that@"the@family"@is in trouble,that we@must find ways to
strengthen it. We@see@headlines@such@as "Divorce on th Rise,"or"Alarming New
Figures on Child Abuse,"or"Viorence@Against@Women@in the Home Increases,"and we
conclude@that@we@must@do something about"the breakdown of the family."The unspoken
premise is that the ideal of the family,as traditionally defined,is a worthy goal
that immoral or selfish or stupid people are failed to achieve.Before the rest of
us accept this premise,though,we need to consider an alternative:that the breakdown
of the family is a good thing,that the traditional family model has failed and
that women especially(but not only)are creating new living arrangements that are
more democratic,fulfilling and practical.It may be one of the most important turning
points of the West,the creation of a new social base that will produce an advanced
and improved democratic political structure.
The traditional family model can be beautiful,especially in its promise of "true
love."But its beauty should not disguise its repressiveness.The traditional family,
as it is celebrated in Western art,teaches authoritarian psychological patterns and a
belief in the unchanging rightness of the male power.It offers an order where love and
power are inseparably linked,damaging not only to all family members but to the politics
of the wider society.

7 F2/2F2006/05/14() 19:48:39
Now that families are becoming different,we are seeing people question things
that for centuries have not been questioned.We are beginning to see people ask
themselves exactly what"love"is,and try to build families based on love that often do
not exactly fit the old model.The family,that is,human love and support systems for
raising children,is not in danger of breaking down.What is happening is that family
democracy is caching up with the old father-dominated family.The family is being
democratized.We are all,many of us,taking part in the process.

8 F6F2006/05/14() 20:03:26
>>6-7́yAXIS@p꒷,p10zł

9 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 21:51:33
NE[fBÕbXS̘a󂪊o
ۑĂ珑ł炦܂񂩁HH

10 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 21:57:57
CROWN Lesson8-1łB

(Distance shot of an African landscape; a childfs voice is heard)
gI went to my auntfs home with my mother.
When we passed a farm along the way, I thought Ifd touched a spiderfs web.
A landmine exploded. Both my mother and I were badly injured. We did not get help for a long time.
Night passed and finally when morning came, we were brought here.h
Redglare: Landmines! There may be as many as 120 million of these terrible weapons
in over 70 countries throughout the world.
Most of these mines are under the ground and will explode when they are stepped on.
But mines cannot see or hear.
They cannot tell a soldier from a child, a grandmother, a cow, or an elephant.
When anything touches them, they will explode.
They remain active for a very long time, 50 years, maybe even a century.
The movement to remove landmines is said to have started in the 1990s.
Mine-clearing operations have begun,
but no single government or agency can possibly clear that many mines.
Large numbers of people must help.

X肢܂B

11 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 22:06:10
This sentence needs a main finite verb; ''proving'' must be changed to ''proved.''
''The'' must be used before the definite noun phrase ''first state.''
''That,'' not ''what,'' must introduce the noun clause diet affects.
The possessive adjective ''her,'' not the reflexive pronoun ''herself,'' should be used to modify ''contributions.''
The noun ''navigation'' should be used since it is the object of the verb ''improve'' and parallel to the nouns ''channel'' and ''harbor.''
The possessive relative pronoun ''whose'' must be used because the relative clause describes a possessive relationship.
''When'' is the wrong word choice; ''for,'' or another appropriate preposition, must be used for, or another appropriate preposition, must be used after ''useful.''
''Jane Addams'' is the subject of the verb ''received;'' the pronoun ''she'' is unnecessary and ungrammatically repeats the subject.

󂪂킩܂B
낵肢܂B

12 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 22:06:53
jR[2Lesson1ł

Interviewer[I] : Ms.Murakami, why did you decide to work as a volunteer?
Murakami[M] : I began to work as a volunteer when I was 49 years old. Until
then Ihad been a dentist in Niigata. Since my high school days, I have
had an interest in health care in the developing countries.While Iwas
traveling in Mali, Isaw some UNICEF workers and thought I myself
could become a volunteer there.
I : Wasn't it a difficult decision for you to leave Japan and start working in
a country far from home?
fire? There's no difference between these two.
I : What are you and your organization doing to assist the people in Mali?
M : In the beginning, I just assisted with medical care for the children. But
soon I noticed it's not medical care alone that's important. IWe kept
looking for ways to improve their baily living enviroment. I started
various programs such as reading and writing lessons, sewing lessons,
and a tree-planting program.

܂̂łAƖfł傤HP̈Ӗ͕̂łɂȂƁEEEB

13 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 22:30:12
''The scientific study of tissues'' is the only noun phrase that can act as the subject of this sentence.

A subject and verb are required to complete the main clause.

Following the verb ''were,'' a noun phrase that means the same thing as the subject, ''The early railroads, ''is used. A relative pronoun, ''that,'' and a verb, ''connected,'' are needed to introduce the relative clause that follows.

The infinitive form of the verb is the only choice that completes this sentence grammatically. In this sentence ''to'' of the infinitive is a shortened form of ''in order to.''

A noun phrase, set off by commas, follows the subject and identifies the subject. Only choice iBjcompletes the noun phrase grammatically.

''Operating,'' a participle, introduces an adjective phrase that modifies ''Red Cross.''

''Nucleic acid'' is the delayed subject of the sentence, and ''it'' is necessry to fill the sentence, and ''it'' is necessry to fill the subject space before the verb.

낵肢܂B

14 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/14() 22:55:33
After the subject pronoun, they, there must be the finite verb. darken, to complete the independent clause.
The noun form brightness is required after the preposition in, as in the parallel words size and mass.
The comparative with less requires the simple form of the adjective, dense, not the -er form.

󂨊肢܂B

15 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/15() 16:50:16
today,the coffee trees of brazil supply one-third of the worldfs
cofee.around the world,more than 20 million people work in cofee
oil.with over 400 billion cups drunk every year,cofee is the
worlds most popular drink.

a󂨊肢܂II

16 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/15() 19:50:29
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17 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/15() 21:09:59
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19 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/15() 21:12:02
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20 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 00:02:02
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21 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 00:03:13
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22 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 00:03:49
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23 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 00:04:23
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24 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:26:44
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25 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:30:56
>9
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26 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:31:55
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27 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:32:47
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28 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:35:22
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29 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:36:35
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30 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:37:22
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31 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 07:38:16
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32 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 17:52:58
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33 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 19:58:29
NEŨbXR̃ZNVRĂII肢܂II

34 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/16() 21:38:57
Wars on global scale may have ended, but civil wars and racial conflicts continue.
Every year thousands of people escape from their homeland into neighboring countries in fear of persection because of their race, religion, or natinality.
These people are called refugees. The UNHCR, the office of the United Nations Hige Commissioner for Refugrees, tries to protect these people and help them find ways to start their lives again in a peaceful environment.
In 1991, the United Nations elected a Japanese womean, Ogata Sadako, as the High Commissioner.
She became one ogft he first women to head an agency of the UN.
Although she was an expert in international affairs, many people witihin the UNHCR were quite surprised at her appointment because Ogata was no well known internationally.
However, year by year she became more and more respected for her accomplishments. Her strong will and leadship were helpful in reliving the difficult crises in Josovo, Rwanda, East Timor and other countries.
During her term, the UNHCR became one of the most important agencies of the United Nations.
Ogata comes from a long line of statesmes and diplomats.
Her great-grandfather was Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi, and her grandfather, Yoshizawa Kenkichi, was a Foreign Minister.
As her childhood abroad in chaina and the US.
In the warly 50s, she won a scholarship for graduate study in America.
American university life and her studies in international relations opened her mind to a much wider world.

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35 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/17() 07:24:46
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36 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/17() 07:30:23
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37 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/17() 07:32:32
>>33
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38 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/17() 18:31:35
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39 F34F2006/05/17() 21:54:47
ic

After returning to Japan, she taught at several universities.
During this time, she became involved in some UN activities,
which eventually led to her becoming a minister at the Japanese mission at the UN in 1976.
This work lasted for three years until she returned to teach again in Japan.
Ogata says, "While academic and public work are different,
they are also similar in some ways. The way of thinking,
analyzing and evaluating is similar whether you are teaching or involved more directly in public work."
As a teacher, she always encouraged her students to study hard and gain as amuch knowledge as possible.
She herself was hard-working and well read. At her first meeting as the High Commissioner, she said,
"I always read the necessary documents carefully, and I expect the same of you."
soon after she became the High Commissioner in 1991, a difficult problem arose in the Near East.
Nearly two million Kurds in the northern part of Iraq became displaced people,
more than the world had ever seen at one time. Some of them escaped into Iran,
but many were stopped at the Iraqi border on their way to Turkey.
Ogata wanted to see their situation for herself. Arriving there she saw thousands of people, together with their belongings,
stretching along the mountain paths as far as the eye could see. She was shocked at the sight and felt she had to protect them.
Back in Geneva she was perplexed. According to the regulations,
the UNHCR could only help people who were officially recognized as refugees -- people who had crossed a border to escape.
This time, however, the Kurds who were being persecuted were within the border.

40 FqR̂Ȃl{Br炷AX^btтF2006/05/17() 22:59:28

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41 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/18() 12:36:55
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42 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/18() 12:37:45
B
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43 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/18() 19:32:25
Tourism is now Australia's largest single foreign exchange earner ,
accounting for 10% of the total.
Faster, cheaper air travel and highly successful government marketing campaigns draw tourists in
increasing numbers, especlally from Asia, which has been the focus of Australia's strategy to develop
tourism's rich potential.
The Japanese tourists stay a shorter time - on average eight nights - they tend to spend more
than other nationalities.
The country's attractions include wildlife, swimming and surfing off Pacific and Indian Ocean beaches,
skin-diving along the Great Barrier Reef and skiing in the Australian alps.
Aboriginal culture and the town of Alice Springs are among the outback's attractions.
The far north has tropical resorts, the northwest, pearl-fishing.
The vineyards of the south and southeast attract many visitors, as do the cultural life of melbourne and Sydney and the arts festivals held in state capitals.
Sydney's hosting of the Olympic Games in 2000 will give the city a massive economic boost.

낵肢v܂

44 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/18() 22:42:03
\Ȃ@ȏȂł

45 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/18() 23:25:27
I fet both the shortness of humam life
and the vastness of
human imagination.

I arrived in America with nothing but a
backpack.It was filled with my few
thingsFa tent,a
sleeping bag,a small cooking stove,and
maps.
The port a long way
from thy city city.
It was dark,and I
had no place to stay for the night.I hadno plan;deciding which way to go was
like throwing dice.
I knew where I was,
but I felt no fear
at all. I just wanted to shou for joy
at my new freedam.
A few days later I
arrived at the GrandCanyon. Iwas amazed
at the vastness of
nature.For the fist
time,I slept in a
small tent in the
wilderness.That
experience gave me
an idea and,several
years later,it led

NEh ̃bXQ̃ZNVQ

46 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 00:01:59
>>16

tŕ\񂶂Ȃ炢ӂĂ܂II܂B

47 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 06:14:51
>>42̑
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BȂȂ̔߂Ǝq炾Bޏ͔ނ̂Ă邱Ƃ
łȂBc

48 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 06:16:38
D
C̏I߂ɁA͕hAE̕az߂ɈꐶB
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i߂邱ƂƍlB
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uB푈I킾܂肪cB
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[v̓IȈߑgɂ܂ƂĂB̎Ƃ́A푈ŉƂ̓
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UNHCR͓ƈꏏɂĔނ̐lނ̐M𓾂邱ƂɂāA
ނ̑㗝lɂȂׂƍlĂB͔CɁA邽߂
ł邱Ƃ猩o40̕nKĂB
ޏ̓ٖƂĂ̔C2000NɏIAޏ̓ւ̌g͍ł
ĂB//

49 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 06:17:40
@׳݇T̃bX2
16΂̗kWhen I was sixteenl

B݂͂ȁAXXTXyX̒𐶂ĂBĂ݂ΎB͎̕
q[[Ȃ̂BA[}bJ[V[
B}ȓX𑗂Ă܂ɂ̏uԂɁAʂȐEłԂƒ
O֌ėĂ܂B̕ʂȎԂ𓪂̕Ћɗ߂ĂǂƂƂ
ƂĂdvȂƂłB
쓹vi1952-1996j͗LȎRʐ^ƂłBނ͒NAXJŉ߂܂B
Ŕނ͍ŏ̖kAJւ̗UԂ܂B

@16΂̎ɏ߂ăAJɍsBł͑̎҂CO֍sBN
Ƃ͏󋵂͑傫ςBɂƂăAJ͕svcȁA͂邩ȍB
Ȃ玄͑DőmfAăAJqbnCNĉ؂邱Ƃ
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50 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 06:18:44
>>45
A1968N̉āA͉loBm͂ƂĂƂĂ傫Bɂ͐
ƂĂ߂B͐l̒ZƐlԂ̑z͂̍L傳̗BTԌA
nɃT[X̓ssB̓obNpbNȂԂŃAJɒ
Bɂ̓egAQ܁ApRAn}Ƃ킸Ȃ̂ŖĂB
͓ss炩Ȃ肠B͈ÂA𖾂ꏊ͂ȂBɂ͉̌v
Ȃ̂ŁAǂ̓s߂̂͂U悤Ȃ̂B
T[XŒmĂl͂ȂBǂɂ̂mĂl͐EɈ
lȂA|͂܂ȂBVȎRɂA͂ꂵ
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Ji_ŃqbnCNĂԁA͂ƑɏEĂ炢A10̒ɓn
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51 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 06:20:45
όƂ͍ł̓I[XgA̍ő̊O݊liŁAPƂőŜ10߂B
s@̗s葬ĈȂƁA{̃Ly[^Ɍt
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A܂sŊJ|pՂɂ吨̊όqW܂B
2000NɊJÂIsbNɂăVhj[̌oς͑傫㏸邾낤B
*ӖłȓeƎv܂BԈႦ܂肢܂B

52 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/19() 06:22:29
>51>43
>50̑
ClŗƁA킭킭oA낢ȐlXƉ@BȂ
̓̓̌v߂邱Ƃ͉̋؏𐶂悤Ȃ̂łB
oXɏxꑼ̃oXɏl͕ʂȕւƐiނ낤B̗͂
lXƏo@͐l̑؂Ȉꕔł邱ƂwłB
Ƃɖ߂ƁA͓{̍ZƂĈȑOƓ𑗂ĂBǂOs
oɂĎ͎RƂo𓾂B̂Ƃ͓{ł̓X̐𒴂
E邱ƂmB牓̍Xɂ͌̐lԂAނ͎Ɠ
̐𑗂ĂB͎̍VȖڂŌ悤ɂȂB
͍ŋ߁AAXJ̍rlŕĂƂŏ̊Os悭voB//
lesson6,7̏CƂȂEn|^B

53 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 00:18:56
PROMINENCEċȏĂ܂胁W[ł͂Ȃł傤cH

PROMINENCEULESSON1A2̖󂪂ق̂łStȂāc

ǂȂ݂͂Ă

54 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 18:40:10

55 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 19:18:26
They develop a sixth sense for sniffing out critism in almost anything a loved one that says. 󂵂ĉB

56 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 22:38:10
The world around us can be a stressful place.
The competition for time between work and family...worries about money...
Often it can seem overwhelming.

I'm afread to do anything,so I just stopped doing any type of work.

Many people react to anxiety this way.
But for some,these feelings could indicate something more serious.

Well,generalized anxiety is a disorder in which people have a pervasive worrying
and anxiety that lasts more than six months.
Usually the worries are about everyday type of things--
the work situation,home situation,family,money,uh, education,school,those sorts of things.

Symptoms can include muscle tention,irritability,headaches,cervical tention,problems
related to the heart such as rapid heartbeat or pounding in your chest,difficulty catching
your breath,feeling a lump in your throat,and gastrointestinal symptoms such as queasiness,
gastritis,constipation,diarrhea.

aX肢܂B

57 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 23:08:07
>56̑łB
While much of our anxiety may be the normal response to today's fast-paced lifestyle,
for those who do have more serious and long-lasting symptoms,medication may be helpful.
Among the choices is a medication developed by researchers at Bristol-Myers Squibb called Buspar.

It tends to potentiate the effects of a chemical called serotonin in certain parts of the brain.
By doing this it tends to be more precise in where it is that it's acting.
It does not cause decreased alertness.
It does not cause symptoms such as decreased reflexes.
And there's no potential for it being habit-forming.

While this is generally the case,some people may experience side effects from this class of drugs such as
Therefore,patients are cautioned about operating an automobile or complex machinery until they're certain
that the use of these drugs does not adversely affect them.
Doctors say the most important thing,and the one that many people avoid,is seeking help in the first place.

58 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 23:25:16
>>57̑łB
If an individual begins to recagnize that there is an an ongoing problem,
the first thing they should do is speak to their primary care physician or their internist.

Finally,I went to a psychiatrist who was able to diagnose the problem and prescribe medication.
And it wasn't until I got this medication that I was finally able to run on even keel.

Today there are over 10million patients being treated for G are over 10million patients being treated for G.A.D.
And for many finding effective treatment can mean the difference between a life filled with worry and a life filled
with happiness.

ȏłBX肢܂B

59 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/20(y) 23:51:57
ނ͑qɃerQ[ȂB
He ( ) his son ( ) ( ) video games.

Ă܂񂩁HH

60 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 01:23:06
Ղׂ
ӂ
ǂ

Ƃւ悳

61 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 07:07:16
>13
>u'The scientific study of tissuesv͂̕ŎɂȂB̖łB
>߂邽߂ɂ͎Ɠ1KvłB
܂Bɑ֌W㖼𓱂߂ɂ͊֌W㖼uthatvƓuconnectedv
KvłB
>̕𕶖@Iɐɂɂ͓s莌ɂ邵܂B̕ł͕s

>R}ɂċꂽ傪ɑA𖾂炩ɂĂ܂B
IiBj̖𕶖@Iɐ܂B
>uOperatingv́uRed CrossvCe𓱂܂B
>uNucleic acidv͂̕delayed subjectŁA𖞂߂ɂ́uitvKvŁA
̑Ő󔒂𖄂߂邽߂ɁuitvKvłB
>59 He prevent his son from doing video games.

62 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 07:08:58
>56
B芪E̓XgX̑ꏊł邱ƂBdƉƒ̎Ԃ̗A
̐SzB΂΂͓rȂƂ̂悤ɎvB
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͂Ɛ[ȂƂwĂ邱ƂB
Sʐs͂ƂaCłASzsNȏ㑱BĂ̐Sz
͓IȂƁAƂΐEAƒAƑAAAwZAƂƂɊւ
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Ǐْ͋ؓ̋EEɁEAS̏㏸EE؂EÄa
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>57
ŝقƂǂ̓y[X̑㐶ɑ΂镁ʂ̔ł͂̂́AǏ󂪔r
I[ƂƂl͖򕨗Ö@ɗ낤BIɂ̓uXgE}
C[YXNCuŃoXp[Ƃ҂JĂ܂B

ɂ͔]̓̕ʂɂZgjƌĂ΂鉻w̓߂XB

̂Œӗ͂UɂȂƂ݂ȂƂǏ󂪂ł邱Ƃ͂ȂB
ɂɂ͏K̉\ȂB
ʂ͂Ȃ̂Ãx̖܂ɂȂƐlɂĂ͋E߂܂EfCE
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Gȋ@̑ɊւĒӂ󂯂B
ԑ厖ȂƂ́A͑̐lX̂A܂ɏ߂邱Ƃł
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63 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 07:09:46
>58
ɉ肪NĂƋCtn߂A܂ԂɂׂƂ͂
̈tɘbƂłB

ƂƂ͏Ǐffł鐸_ȈɐfĂBĂ̖򕨗Ö@
󂯂ĂƃL[̏コ悤ɂȂB

݁A1000lȏ̊҂SʐsQ̎Â󂯂ĂB
ʓIȎÖ@邱Ƃ́A̐lɂƂĕsɖƍKɖ
ւ̕ꓹӖ邩ȂB
*ӖłBԈႢ肢܂B

64 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 07:12:10
>>53@PROMINENCEULESSON1A2
>>54׳R
ҲݽذчU10

65 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 13:44:23
OXԂĂ܂̂Ł@ȂȂĂ܂̂ł
낵肢܂

66 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 14:04:03
>>65
𔃂B

67 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 14:13:54
UU
wȂ̂Ŏ̃J[h@Ƃo܂(LGցGM)
OX@QWVQXPقǂɂƎv̂ł
ǂȂ肢ł܂_(._.)_

68 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 14:15:49
>>62,>>63
ǂ肪Ƃ܂II
܂!!

69 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 14:33:32
>>65

287 F񁗉p׋ F2006/04/13() 05:47:35
׳R.lesson11
Љɂ鋳̈Ӌ
rC[Y̓j[[N}ق̑Oْło^OSAɃC^
r[sĂ܂B̐}ق͏sAe{iقj̐Eő勉
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_ɂĔނ炪bĂ邱Ƃ𕷂Ă݂܂傤Bc

͂łǂEEE

70 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/21() 17:17:51
>69

71 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/22() 21:39:55
Naturally a view of animals peculiar to a certain culture and a certain nation is not firm or definite; neither are its origins simple and self-evident.
One of the reasons the English know how to train dogs almost perfectly might be that they have done a good deal of dairy farming for a long time and thus are used to handling domestic animals.
Another reason could be that since the climate caused the need for the cohabitation of pets and people under the same roof in closed living quarters, dogs had to be strictly trained to preserve domestic peace.
By contrast, the Japanese civilization was never significantly dependent on domestic animals.
Furthermore, Japanese living quarters have always been open due to the warm, humid climate, and it was neither necessary nor wise to live with dogs.
Consequently, the patterns of coexistence which would have emerged if humans and dogs had lived together in a confined space never developed in Japan.
Religion must have played a role, also.
As is well known, Christianity does not recognize animal souls, whereas traditional Japanese religions have strong elements of animism shamanism.
Japanese Buddhism, which was later added to those, even believes in the idea of discontinuity and that of continuity.
The former standpoint makes humankindfs superiority absolute, whereas the latter makes it only relative.
To the English, cruelty probably means not to treat a particular animal according to the role they have assigned to it from a human-centered viewpoint.
To the Japanese, cruelty is a concept that concerns useless and unnecessary killing.

72 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/23() 07:33:09
>70@׳ذިݸ11͌㔼܂B
>>53
ݽU
A{ł͎鏊ŉpP邵Ap͈ʓIɌĎBwZōŏ
KOłB䂦B͉p͂Ɛ̂ƂĂdvƂۂ
ĂBȂ炻킯ł͂ȂBł͉p̉ߋA݁Aɂ
ďԂčlĂ݂悤B

Lesson1@A small beginning Ȏn܂脟
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73 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/23() 07:34:32
Bp͕yĂBpꂪAJBJi_AI[XgAAj[W
[h̕ɂȂ@͓Ɠł͂ȂBtXXyC܂߁Ǎ

Ƃ́Apꂪ100N̊ԂɉpƂȂl̐lX̊ԂɕyĂ
łB悻Oܐ疜l̐lXpƂĎgĂBƂŉp͂
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Ĉ悤ɂĉp͑ꌾA񌾌A邢͊OƂĐEIۂɂȂ
ĂAȆ̒nŎgĂB̍̏og̐lƉȊwAZpArWlXA
ċƂňӎv̑aʂ}邽߂ɂ͉pĝԕ֗Ȃ̂łB
p͂₩Ȏn܂肩琢EƂĂ݂̌̑엧܂ő傫oĂB
Ƃ͂܂ɂ͕ς肻ɂȂB//

74 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/23() 07:36:19
ݽU2
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ĒfĂȂƂB͂΂΂邽߂ɉR𗘗p
Bc

75 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/23() 07:37:19
BȂAR͕KےIȂ̂Ƃ͌炸AAނ̍D܂R
lBŏ͕̂̂ʁAu킢ȂRvƌĂ΂BB͑̐l̊
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͏{āûA͎Ԓʂ藈񂾂ˁBvƌƂ邩ȂB
ނAB͗Fl点Ȃ悤ɁuvȂłB΂肾
BvƉRXB
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gƂBႦΐe͎qɁAmȂldbƂɂ͎
BqȂƂĂ͂ȂƗ@B̏ꍇARƂŎqB
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BB͐ɂR͈̂ƂƂwԂAlɁAB
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76 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/23() 08:38:28
>>71@ϲٽİذިݸ9
CRA镶⍑ƂɓL̓ς͊mł̂łmȂ̂łȂA
ς̋N܂PȂ̂łȂ̂łȂBCMXlقƂǊɂ
@mĂ̗ŔA̗_oc𒷂ԂĂāA
ƒ{̈̂ɊĂƂƂȂB̗ŔAiCMXĹj
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77 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/25() 16:52:33
But then there arose the need of justifying this new title in theory.

For this he had to rely not on rational arguments, which tended in the
opposite direction, but on the example of kings like Saul and David in the
Old Testament. For they had been appointed not by any popular election
but by divine appointment, as revealed to Samuel the prophet.
For this the new discovery of the literal sense of the Bible, as proposed
by Luther and his followers, was of great convenience.

Then, one thing led to another. The rejection of Papal authority in England
led to the destruction of all traces of that authority in England.

Vast lands, belonging to the religious houses, were confiscated by the king
and used to enrich a new class of men who for this reason(if for no other)
would support the changes.

In this way, as we may easily gather, there was opened a new gulf between
the rich and the poor, between those who profited from the abbey lands
and those who were dispossessed (not only the monks, who could often find
other means of livelihood, but also the peasants who depended on the monks).

Ȃ܂

78 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/25() 16:58:05
>>77̑ł

There appeared a new poverty, as we may find in the many Acts of Parliament
against "rogues, vagabonds and sturdy beggars" that came to be passed during
the second half of the sixteenth century. There also emerged a new spirit of
enterprise, to take advantage of the many opportunities offered by the exchange
of lands, and a new economy, based upon the efforts of a rising class of

Here precisely was a revolutionary situation. At first, it may appear as a
revolt of the King against the Pope, and therefore of those who supported
the King(the Anglicans) against those who supported the Pope(the Catholics,
or as they were called by their opponents, the Papists).

Here and there they made feeble attempts to protest, but they were ruthlessly
put down. It was rather a struggle between the Anglican establishment and
those who found themselves left out of the establishment, yet still with
some power.

It was these latter who found convenient support in the Puritan movement,
which was more anti-Papal than the King, and which indeed turned against
the King for not being more anti-Papal.

Those who chiefly suffered from the effects of this struggle weren't so much
the supporters of either the King or the Parliament as those who supported
the Pope and the old religious traditions of England, and above all the poor.
It was their sad situation in the nineteenth century that largely stimulated
Marx, during his stay in England, to develop his further and contrary idea
of a class struggle of the poor against the rich, and of communism
against capitalism.

\ȂłȂ܂(_ _)

79 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 00:01:13

80 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 07:45:05
>77
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81 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 12:44:35
>78
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82 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 15:20:10
>>80-81
񂲂肪Ƃ܂(OցO)

83 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 21:49:54
'I don't know,' Sally says. 'But I don't like it.' She says goodbye to her neighbours and walks to school.
She is thinking about Saturday, and the meeting. Saturday comes, and the people of Newton Road go to the Town Hall. A man comes into the room.
'Good morning,' he says. 'My name is Wood. I'm a civil engineer.'
'A civil what? 'Helen Taylor asks Sally.
'A civil engineer,' Sally says. 'Civil engineers build roads and houses.'
Mr wood hears her. 'That's right,' he says. 'And I'm going to build houses for you. I'm going to build a new road too. But first I'M going to knock down the old houses in Newton Road. The new road is going to be there.'
'You're going to knock down our houses? 'the people say. 'Yes,' Mr Wood says. 'But you live in old houses now. You're going to live in beautiful new houses.'
'Where are these beautiful new houses?'Sally asks. 'Are they near here?'
'No-no, they aren't,' Mr Wood says. 'But that's not important.' 'Yes, it is, 'Sally says. 'We want to stay near our friends and our jobs. That's very important.' Mr Wood is not happy. 'I'm sorry,' he says' 'but think about the new houses.'
But the people of Newton Road think about their friends and neighbours. 'What are we going to do?' they ask.

낵肢v܂B

84 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 22:13:15
>>83̑ł

'We're going to stay in Newton Road,' Sally says. 'Mr sWood can't build a new road. Newton Road is our road. This is a battle - the battle of Newton Road.'
It is Monday. Sally Robson is at school. She tells her students about the meeting. She tells them about Mr Wood and the new road.
'He can't build a new road here,' they say. 'He can't knock down the houses and our school.'
But Mr Wood is a clever man. He shows the new houses to Helen Taylor. He shows them to Paul Johnson.
'Mr Wood isn't a bad man,' Helen Taylor tells Sally. 'And the new houses aren't bad.'
'They're very good,' Paul Johnson says. 'And they have big gardens. 'Think about that.'
Sally tells them: 'New houses and big gardens aren't important. Friends are important. And a school for your children.'
Stephen and Catherine are two of Sally Robson's students. They go to her house. 'The people want the new houses,'
Sally Robson tells them. 'We can't win this battle.' 'Yes, we can, Miss Robson,' Stephen says. 'Our friends can help.'
Their friends come to Sally's house. Her neighbours see them. They say: 'Sally Robson is right. Friends are important.
Newton Road is important.' April comes. Sally Robson and her neighbours don't go to the new houses. They stay in Newton Road. April goes and May comes. May goes and June comes. The people of Newton Road stay there.
'I can wait,'Mr Wood says.

Ă݂܂񂪂肢܂B

85 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 22:26:05
>>84̑łB

June goes and July goes and August comes. Now Mr Wood isn't very happy.
'I can't wait,' he says. 'It's August. I'm going to build the new road. The people of Newton Road want a battle. They can have a battle!'
On Monday Mr Wood comes to Newton Road. His men are Mr Wood comes to Newton Road. His men are with him. The men have yellow machines.
The machines are big. They can knock down houses. 'I'm going to build the new road,' Mr Wood says.
'No!' Sally Robson says. 'You can't come here with the machines. Look!'
The people of Newton Road are sitting in the road. Stephen and Catherine and their friends from school are sitting with them.
Mr Wood isn't happy. 'Wait,' he says to his men. Mr Wood goes to the gas company.
He tallks to a man there. He goes to the electricity company and talks to a man there. He goes to the water company.
'Yes, I can help you,' the man at the water companhy says.
In the afternoon Mr Wood comes to Newton Road.

86 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 22:43:15
Bangladesh is a country which has long suffered from
flooding, storms and famines. For generations people have been
forced to live in poverty. If the poor people of Bangladesh could get
even a small loan, they could get started on the way to a better life.
They could raise chickens and a cow; they could buy a sewing
machine and make clothing. However, no bank will loan money to
poor people.
Dr. Muhammad Yunus set out to solve this problem. He
created a unique institution, the Grameen Bank, to provide small
loans to the poor, especially to women living in the villages. Tonight
Dr. Yunus will tell us how this system of"microcredit" got started.

In 1972, the year after Bangladesh
became independent from Pakistan, I
returned to my country and became head
of the Department of Economics at
Chittagong University. Everybody thought
that the standard of living would improve,
but to the surprise of all of us, Bangladesh
began sliding down very rapidly. In 1974,
we had a terrible famine; people were
dying in the streets.
ȏʂ͂Ă܂̂ŃWOUOł݂܂񂪁A낵肢܂B

87 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 22:49:38
I got very frustrated with what I was teaching. In the classroom, theories
of economics seem right; everything works out well. Then you walk out of
the university campus, and you see that the real world is very different; things
are not working out well at all. To me coming from the classroom into the real
world in the streets outside was like coming out of a movie theater. In the
movie everything is orderly. You expect the hero to win, and in the end he wins.
But coming out of the theater, or out of the classroom, into the poor streets, you
see that the real world is very different. Everybody is
losing; nobody is winning.
I thought, "What is the use of teaching economics if
I don't believe what I am teaching? IfI don't believe in
what I'm teaching, how can I ask my students to believe
it?"
So I decided to study the economics of the real
world. My teachers would be the poor people of
Bangladesh. There are many villages around Chittagong
University campus, so all I had to do to study the
economics of the real world was just to walk out of the
campus and into the villages. I chose to talk to the very
poor people in the village because that's where the problem is. Why
can't they change their lives? Why can't they improve their lives? I
kept on talking and asking questions, not as an economist, not
as a teacher, not as a researcher - just as a human being, as a
neighbor. Why do things remain the way they are?
ȏʂ͂Ă܂̂ŃWOUOł݂܂񂪁A낵肢܂B

88 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 22:52:57
One day I met a woman who earned only two
pennies a day making bamboo stools. I couldn't
understand how anybody could work so hard and earn so
little. She explained why: she didn't have the money to
for a very low price, took out the cost of the loan, and left
her only two pennies for the day's work. Her work was
almost free. She was like a slave.
This looked like a very simple problem. You don't
need big theories to solve a problem like this. All you
need to do is to make a little money available to this
woman so that she can buy her own bamboo. Then she
can sell the stools where she can get a good price. I took
a student of mine and we went around the village for
several days to find out if there were other people who
were borrowing from traders and not receiving what they
should earn. In a week's time, we came up with a list of
forty-two such people. The total
amount of money needed by all
forty-two of them was just thirty
dollars.
ȏʂ͂Ă܂̂ŃWOUOł݂܂񂪁A낵肢܂B

89 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 22:57:40
I felt ashamed. What's the
use of all those big theories I was
; Here was a real life situation in
which thirty dollars would make it
possible for forty-two people to
earn a living wage. And yet our
society could not provide that kind
" of small loan to individuals and
must be some way of doing this, so
Iwent to see a banker. When I
talked about a loan of thirty dollars
to forty-two poor workers, he
laughed. He thought it was a
funny idea. "We can't loan money
to poor people," he said. I asked
him why not. "Because to get a
loan, you must have collateral. You
must have some money or own
some land to show that you will pay hackthe loan. Oryou
must have a good credit rating; that is, you must show
that you have paid back previous loans." "But these are
poor people;' I said. "They don't have money, they don't
own land, and, because you won't loan them money, they
have neverhad a loan to pay back!" He laughed again.
I talked to other banks, and the result was the
same. Finally, in 1979, I decided to do something on my
own. 1 took out some small loans in my own name and
began to loan this money to the poor people of the village.
That is the beginning of what I'm doing today.
ȏʂ͂Ă܂̂ŃWOUOł݂܂񂪁A낵肢܂B

90 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 23:00:47
I had taken out loans from the banks, and, of
course, I had to repay that money. It was important that
the village people pay the money back to me, so I could repay the
banks. People did pay back the loans I had made to them, so I was
able to borrow more money and make more loans to the poor
villagers. The system became bigger and bigger. I then told the
bank, "Why don't you do this yourself? Why do you need
me as a guarantor? It's working. You said people would
not pay. Now they're paying." The bankers said, "No, no,
you can do it in one village. You have your students with
you, and you yourself work very hard, but if we do it, it
won't work." I said, "That's funny." They said, "If you do
it in more than one village, it won't work." I said, "OK.
let me try." I did it in several othervillages. It worked,
but the bankers were still not satisfied. They said, "No,
this is not big enough." I did it over the whole district and it worked. But the bankers could never be
persuaded. Then I thought, "Why am I running after
these bankers? Why don't I set up my own bank andjust settle the whole issue?"
I started running around to the Central Bank and
to government offices to get permission to set up a bank
only for poor people. It took a longtime. Finally in 1983,
the government permitted us to set up an independent
bank. This is how the Grameen Bank came to be.
The Grameen Bank - the bank for the poor - has
grown until now we have 2.5 million members, 94 percent
of whom are women. We loan 2.3 billion dollars. The
method of microcredit has been used in nearly 60
countries, including the USA and France. Its success
made it possible to bring as many as 137 countries
together to hold the Microcredit Summit in 1997 in the USA.
ȏʂ͂Ă܂̂ŃWOUOł݂܂񂪁A낵肢܂B

91 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 23:26:40

711 F}WX F2006/04/03() 12:03:39 ID:Srn1ERk6

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Ă̂HĂȂ炳Ǝ񂾕ׂ̐̈낤B

92 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 23:37:40
>>85̑łB

'You can stay here,' he says to the people. 'You can stay here, but you can't have gas in your houses stay here, but you can't have gas in your houses.
You can't have electricity, and you in your houses. You can't have electricity, and you can't have water.'
He looks at Sally. 'I'm sorry, but you want this battle. I don't. Battles aren't good.'
'What are we going to do?' the people ask. Sally Robson thinks. 'Wait here,' she says. 'I'm going to telephone.'
She goes to a telephone. She talks to a newspaper man. 'Yes, my newspaper can help you,' the man says.
The man from the newspaper comes to Newton Road. He talks to Sally Robson. He talks to Helen Taylor and Paul Johnson.
He talks to Stephen and Catherine and the children from the school.
The people of Newton Road say: 'We're winning this battle.' It's Saturday morning. Stephen and Catherine show the newspaper to Sally Robson. She looks at it.
'THE BATTLE OF NEWTON ROAD,' the newspaper says. 'TEACHER AND STUDENTS IN BATTLE FOR HOMES. CAN THEY SAVE THEIR ROAD?'
'Our photographs are in the newspaper, Miss Robson,' Catherine says. 'Look. We're famous.'
And they are famous. The battle of Newton Road is famous. Helen Taylor and Paul Johnson have their photographs in the newspaper,too.
The people in the town talk about the battle. Some people say: 'Sally Robson and her friends are fight. Friends and neighbours are important.

낵肢v܂B

93 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/26() 23:55:19
>>92̑łB

But some people say: 'Mr Wood is right. We want new roads in this town. The old roads are bad.
New roads are very important. Build a new road. The people of Newton Road can go to the new houses.'
And some people say: 'Sally Robson is right, but Mr Wood is right too. What are they going to do?'
Now it is September. Mr Wood is thinking. He thinks of Sally Robson.
'Yes, she's right. Friends and neighbours are important.'
Sally is thinking too. She thinks: 'Mr Wood isn't a bad man. He's a civil engineer, and civil engineers build new roads.
Stephen and Catherine are talking. 'It's a big battle,' Catherine says.
'And Miss Robson can't win it,' Stephen says. 'The people don't want a battle.'
'And it's September. We're going back to school.'
'What are we going to do?'
'I have an idea,' Catherine says. 'Come with me, Stephen. We're going to the Town Hall. We're going to talk to Mr Wood.'
stephen and Catherine go to the Town Hall. Then they go to Newton Road. The people are happy there. 'We have gas in our houses,' they say.
'We have electricity and water. We're winning the battle.'

낵肢v܂B

94 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 10:01:31
>>93̑łB

'What's happening? What's Mr Wood doing?' Sally Robson asks. 'We have gas and electricity. We have water. What's happening?'
'Mr Wood wants to visit Newton Road,' Stephen says.
'He wants a meeting,' Catherine says.
'A meeting for the people of Newton Road?'
'Yes, but not in the Town Hall. In Newton Road School.' Stephen and Catherine go to the school.
They see the headmaster, Mr Morgan.
'Yes, we can have a meeting here,' Mr Morgan says. 'We can have the meeting on Saturday.'
On Saturday the people of Newton Road go to the school. Mr Wood comes too.
'People of Newton Road,' he says,'you're right. You want your friends and neighbours, and you can gave them. I don't want a battle.'
'Can we stay in Newton Road?' Sally Robson thinks.
'You can have your friends and neighbours,' Mr Wood says, 'but you can have your new houses too. We're going to build new houses in a new road.
'Our road?' the people say. Mr Wood looks at Sally Robson. 'Robson Road!' he says.

낵肢v܂B

95 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 10:20:33
>>94̑ł

fRobson Road! Yes, good idea!' the people say.
fNo!' It's Sally Robson. fNo!' she says. 'It isn't a good idea. Robson Road isn't a good idea.
We can stay with our friends in Newton Road. The new Newton Road.'
Mr Wood smiles. 'Yes,' he says. 'It can be the new Newton Road.'
The people of Newton Road smile. 'The new Newton Road,' they say. 'Good idea!'
Newton Road - the new Newton Road - is a happy road. Sally Robson lives there. Helen Taylor and Paul Johnson live there too.
Mr Morgan is headmaster of the new school. The people are happy. They have new houses, but they have their old friends and neighbours.
Stephen and Catherine visit Sally Robson. Mr Wood visits Sally Robson too. He is her friend now.
'Your new house is good,' Mr Wood says.
'It isn't bad,' Sally Robson says.
'My new road is good,' Mr Wood says.
'Hmm!' Sally says.
'A new battle of Newton Road,' Catherine says. Sally Robson thinks. Then she laughs and says,
'No. Battles aren't good. Let's say ''no'' to battles!'
' ''No'' to battles!' Mr Wood says, and he laughs too.

ꂪŌ̕łBɒĐ\Ȃ̂ł
낵肢܂B

96 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 12:19:21
>ؖ遨
>86-90ڽ΍

97 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 16:17:14
ÛoS̑S\ĂȂł傤H

98 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 17:30:44
>>86
׳ذިݸ6
Lesson6 The Grameen BankO~s
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99 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 17:31:38
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100 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 17:33:28
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101 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 17:34:25
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102 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 17:35:18
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103 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 17:35:50
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104 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 18:18:26
>>98-103

105 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:17:12
In our science classes we learn about the laws of physics. Do you
remember Newton's First Law of Motion? Can you apply that law to answer
simple everyday questions, such as: Why don't we feel dizzyon ourspinning
world? Why dowefeel the motion on a roller coaster but not in an airplane
that is going much faster?

Q:If the whole world is spinning at about 1,600 kilometers per hour, why
don't we get dizzy, feel the wind or somehow notice the motion? Is itjust
because we are used to it

A:No, it's because Earth's rotation is a uniform,unvarying motion, and we
can feel only changes in motion. Any time a moving object changes its
motion,either in its direction or in speed,we say that it has experienced
an acceleration.

106 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:18:06
Say you're a passenger in a car that's moving in a straight line and at
a constant speed. You don't feel any forces pushing your body around. But
as soon as the road changes from straight to curved, your body becomes
aware of it, because you are pushed slightly toward the outside of the
curve. Or if the driver suddenly steps on the accelerator, your body
becomes aware of it because you are pushed against the back of the seat.
Or if the driver suddenly hits the brakes, your body becomes aware of it
because you are pushed slightly toward the front of the car. But as long
as the car doesn't speed up or slow down or go around a curve, your body
feels no forces trying to push it around. In effect, your body doesn't
know it's moving, even if your brain does.
Your brain knows that Earth is spinning but your body doesn't because
the motion is smooth and uniform.As Isaac Newton put it in his First Law
of Motion,a body (including yours) that is moving at a constant speed in
a straight line will continue moving that way unless some outside force
acts on it. Without such an outside force, the body doesn't even realize
it's moving.
Q:We're following the curvature of Earth's surface. It may be a constant
speed,but it isn't a straight line.So why aren't we beingpushed outward?

107 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:18:55
-106肢܂B

108 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:19:47
A:We are.But the curvature is so gradual - Earth is so big- that we move
almost in a straight line, so that the outward force is verv small.
This is all very discouraging to the people who design amusement park
rides, who want us to experience a lot of motion. They try to make us
feel unbalanced and insecure.That's why nothing in the whole place moves
at a constant speed in a single direction. Every ride either spins you
around, throws you first up and then down,or puts you through some crazy
combination of up, down, and around at the same time. The best roller
coasters are those that combine ups and downs with speedups, slowdowns,
twists and curves.Even the merry-go-round is continually diverting you
from a straight line, forcing you to turn in a circle.
You may wonder why we don't feel the wind as Earth spins us around.
It's because the air is being carried around at the same 1,600 kilometer
-per-hour speed as ourselves. So there is no relative motion between us
and the air.
Q:If Earth is turning at around 1,600 kilometers per hour,why can't we
see it moving beneath us when we're in an airplane that's going a lot
slower?
A:Because even when you're flying off to an island to get away from it
all, you can't escape being part of "it all." Your airplane is attached
to Earth almost as tightly as the mountains below. Since the air is
attached to Earth, you might say that weYe all in the same boat,sailing
eastward along with the surface of Earth at around 1,600kilometers per
hour.

109 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:20:28
-108肢܂B

110 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:21:30
You do, of course, see the ground "moving" beneath you as you fly.But
it's your own airplane's motion that you're seeing, not the ground's.
It's the same as seeing the trees "speed backward" as you speed along
the highway in your car. That's a very important point to realize:there
is no such thing as absolute motion. All motion is relative.Nothing can
be said to be moving or not moving without specifying"relative to what?"
Motion is motion only when it is compared to some independent reference
point.
To the trees, you and your car are moving, but to you and your car,
the trees are moving. Who's right? If you had been born in your car a
second ago, you'd believe that it was the trees that were moving, using
yourself as a reference point. It is only with experience that we learn
to accept reference points outside ourselves.If drivers took themselves
as the reference point, the trees would be "moving" every which way at
all kinds of speeds,because every person's reference point would be
moving in a different direction at a different speed. Stationary trees,
however, are much easier to deal with, so we humans have agreed to take
the trees and the land they're attached to as our stationary references.
But let's stand back and take a bigger view of Earth.When we say that
a palm tree at the equator is moving along with the ground at about
1,600 kilometers per hour, we have to ask. "Relative to what?" Well,how
about relative to the center of Earth? That's the only point on or
inside the whole globe that isn't moving around in circles. In other
words, we're taking the center of Earth as our "stationary" reference
point.

111 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:21:39
Ȃ葬xŒiĂԂɏĂƂ܂傤B
iȗ܂EESĂǂނɂ͂Ăj

112 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:22:50
But wait a minute! Let's stand back a little farther.The whole planet
is moving around the sun at 17,100 kilometers per hour relative to the
center of the sun, which we can take as our new reference point.
But the sun itself is moving relative to other stars. And the stars
are moving relative to the center of our galaxy. Andourgalaxy....
And on and on and on.

113 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:27:52

114 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 19:35:01
SBaXƊႢ

115 F񁗉p׋ F2006/05/27(y) 20:52:16
>>113

116 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/27(y) 21:01:36

117 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/28() 13:50:26
a󂨊肢܂BPRO-VOSOPN P22@
You have individuals before creativity.
Westerners are much more individual. Japanese lack creativity, but I think education can make the difference.
If education is not done correctly, it takes time to develop creativity. In that case, we have to wait for geniuses to appear.
Any country can wait. If can make good use of its diligence and develop good educational ideas, the Japanese can be creative too.
Ifm sure they can be creative in music.

118 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/28() 18:13:39
Milestone lesson8-1łB肢܂B
gIfve had a lot of people die on me,h John Lennon said in 1970.
First Julia, then Stuart, finally Brian Epstein.
In Yoko Ono he found someone who could take the place of all three.
Yoko was seven years older than John, and he looked up to her like a child to its mother.
In fact, he often called her gMother.h
In his song for Julia he sings, gJulia, ocean child, calls mech
Yokofs name means gocean childh in English.
Being an artist, Yoko could take Stuartfs place, too, and help him understand modern art.
And as a strong, forceful personality she was able to show John (who always had great difficulty in deciding anything for himself) which way to go, as Brian had.
It is impossible to understand John Lennon without understanding his deep love for Yoko.
The two had met in 1966, but they did not become lovers until 1968.
From then on, they were together twenty-four hours a day.
This not only made the other Beatles angry but also shocked many fans, who still saw the Beatles as gnice boys.h
They couldnft forgive John for leaving his English wife and son and living with a foreigner.
The press began printing very unkind articles about the couple, saying that Yoko was ugly and that John must be crazy.

119 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/28() 19:29:59
MILESTONE 6-1ȂłAǂȂa񋳂ĉB
Shortly after World War U, Percy L. Spencer, electronics genius and war hero, was touring one of his laboratories at the Raytheon Company.
Spencer stopped in front of a magnetron.
Suddenly he noticed that a candy bar in his pocket had begun to melt.
Most of us would have thought that the soft and sticky mess was caused by body heat.
But not Spencer.
He never took anything for granted.
During his thirty-nine years old with Raytheon.
He patented 120 inventions.
When England was battered by German bombs in the 1940 Battle of Britain, Spencer turned his creative mind toward developing a better version of the British invention radar.
His achievements earned him the Distinguished Service Medal, the U.S. Navy's highest honor for civilians.
So when this inquisitive and self-educated engineer who never finished grammar school came face to face with a good mystery, he didn't merely wipe the melted chocolate off his hands and ignore the incident.
He took the logical next step.
He sent for popcorn.
Holding the bag of unpopped kernels next to the magnetron, Spencer watched the kernels explode.
ȏłBꉞ̂ło炷݂܂B̏ꍇ͐ꏊĉB

120 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/28() 20:23:43
Milestone lesson8-2łB肢܂B
John and Yoko married in 1969 and invited reporters to visit them on their "honeymoon" at a famous hotel in Amsterdam.
They announced that they would stay in bed for a week as a demonstration for peace.
Of course, the world press rushed to Amsterdam.
They probably expected John and Yoko to do something shocking, but the newly-married couple were sitting up in bed talking seriously about the need for peace.
They gave interviews constantly for a week.
The press now wrote that they had both gone completely crazy, but John felt that the "bed-inh had been a success: gIn effect, we were doing a commercial for peace on the front page of the papers instead of a commercial for war.h
gA lot of people are jeering, arenft they?h said a reporter.
gNot taking you seriously.h
John answered, gItfs part of our policy not to be taken seriouslyc Wefre Laurel and Hardy.
And we stand a better chance under that guise, because all the serious people like Martin Luther King and Kennedy and Gandhi got shot.h
Late in 1969, John and Yoko rented advertising space in big cities all over the world and had posters put up with a gChristmas messageh to everyone:
vq hr nudqI he xnt vms hs
@@@@@@Happy Christmas from John & Yoko.

121 FBF2006/05/28() 22:51:38
ȏ̉pȂłǖ󂨊肢łB
܂łɂȂƊwZŖ{ɃoCƂɂȂ܂EEEB
{ɂB{ɐ\ȂłB
@In Japan,blood type is seen as a window onto a person's personality and an
indicator of their health and constitution.It is also a good conversational icebreaker.
Skeptics shrug it off as superstition,but supporters are convinced that blood type can predict
behavior and may even be used to determine if two people are compatible.
Masahiko Nomi is largely responsible for the fascination with blood type in Japan.
Nomi's book Ketsuekigata de Wakaru Aisho(Understanding Compatibility from Blood Types)
created a lot of interest.The author spent 30 years observing Japanese people and compiling data to
prove his theory about the links between blood type and human disposition.
AJapan is a particularly intriguing study ground for blood types,with the population
breaking down roughly into 30 percent O,40 percent A,20 percent B and 10 percent AB.
European and American populations,on the other hand,are mainly a combination of
O and A.Nomi felt that the more even distribution of blood types in Japan provided
a good opportunity to study a possible link between blood type and personality.

122 FBF2006/05/28() 23:16:26
BThe author's son,Toshitaka Nomi,has carried on his father's work with a recent book,
KetsuekigataFKokoro to Karada ni Kiku Jiten(Blood TypeFA Guide for the Body and Soul).
Althouth there are only reports from medical practitioners,small surveys and a few studies to go on,
Toshitaka's preliminary research has uncovered certain tendencies among the four blood types.
gIn terms of all-around health,it would appear that n types have an advantage,hhe says.
For example,Okinawa,the prefecture with the highest average life apan,also has a high percentage of n-type residents(33 percent).
gn types have a very positive attitude to life,hexplains Toshitaka.gThey may really lose their temper,but because they quickly move on,they
don't retain too much stress.hAt the other end of the spectrum are  types.
Typically viewed as high-strung busybodies,they have a tendency to constipation and high blood pressure,maintains Toshitaka.

123 FBF2006/05/28() 23:57:45
CThe younger Nomi's studies have led him to conclude that certain blood types may be more resistant to certain illnesses.
For example,a types seem less susceptible to cancer.And when they do get cancer,they seem to be better at fighting it,says Toshitaka.
Toshitaka is also convinced that blood type can be a predictor of physical ability.He points to data that indicates the 10 most successful
power hitters in Japanese baseball history have been neatly divided between n and a blood types.gOnly one of Japan's all-time Top 10
home run hitters is an  blood type,while nearly 40 percent of the Japanese population is blood type. h
DForeigners arriving in Japan are often intrigued when first asked,gWhat is your blood type?hMany do not know the answer to the question.
gI was asked the question so many times that I decided to find out my blood type,hadmits long-term Japan resident Peter McDonald.
gI donated some blood and discovered that I am a+ma|positiven.Interestingly,a lot of my Japanese friends had predicted this!h

124 FBF2006/05/29() 00:08:16
ňȏłB{ɐ\󂲂܂񂪂肢܂B
EDespite the popularity of the topic in Japan,until very recently no other country has shown interest in
linking blood type and personality.Scientists around the world are highly skeptical,and to date not one serious medical
investigation has revealed any link whatsoever.And as for conversational icebreakers,
Europeans and North Americans still prefer to ask someone,gWhat's your star sign?h

125 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 00:17:19
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127 F122F2006/05/29() 01:07:41
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130 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 01:43:27
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131 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 01:55:34
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133 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 02:51:06
ȏ͂̕Ȃłǒ󂨊肢܂B{ɐ\ȂłBǂĂ킩ȂāEEB
gScanning the Passage his the fourth Previewing critical reading skill.
In general,scanning means glancing rapidly through a text in oder to search for
a specific piece of information.Just like checking the race course before you run
in a marathon,it is important that you look over the text before you set about reading.
You can estimate how long it will take for you to read the passage,and you can find out what obstacles
there will be along the way.By doing this,you will be able to gain an overall view of the passage,
and discover what the author wants to emphasize in the text.
When you scan a passage,keep the following questions in mindF
EHow many paragraphs are there in the passage?
EWhich paragraph(s) correspond(s) to the introduction/body/conclusion?
EAre there key words that are repeated or put in hold or in italics?

134 FPRRF2006/05/29() 05:50:28
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135 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 09:23:53
>>132@{ɗL܂A܂B

136 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 11:56:19
݂ȂA6~΁ASA܂

137 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 17:35:09
CROWNU̘aTCgĕH

138 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 22:34:31
̉p̘a낵肢܂B

The curiosity characteristic of Greeks may in turn be explained in part by the location of the Greeks at a crossroads of the world.

They were constantly encountering novel and perplexing people, customs and beliefs.

An obvious consequence of the different practices and beliefs swirling around the Greeks world have been the necessity of dealing with contradiction.

They would have been constantly confronting situations where one person was asserting that A was the case and another was cotending that not-A was the case.

Contradiction coming from the opinions of outsiders, as well as freely expressed contradiction among insider's views, might have led to the development of the art of rational argument.

139 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/29() 23:16:29
ǂȂNEaTCgtxtۑĂlA낵肢܂B

140 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 00:25:10
PROGRESS IN ENGLISH BOOK5MIGRATIONS OF ANIMALSłB

From the beginning of human history there have been peoples like the gypsies of Europe,
the nomads of the desert or the migrant workers of the American southwest that have migrated back and forth in search of food or water or work, or merely following their own whims.

Many Japanese emigrated to Brazil in pursuit of more extensive land.

After World WarU Australia welcomed thousands of European immigrants who, desperate from the experiences of the war that had ravaged their homeland,
flocked to her shores with a view to beginning a new life.

(In passing, let it be mentioned that, strictly speaking, to gemigrateh is to leave a country for good; to gimmigrateh is to enter and take up permanent residence in a new country;
and to gmigrateh is to move to and fro periodically within a definite area.)

The migration of animals is a better-known and yet much more mysterious phenomenon.

܂B

141 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 00:28:19
>>140
̑łB

It goes without saying that among animals birds are best-known and farthest-roving migrants.

Birds that live on insects cannot survive the winter months in the north and so are driven by instinct to go to the Tropics or still farther south to the Temperate Zone of the southern continents.

What is particularly mysterious is the punctuality and inerrancy of their migrations.

What mysterious biological calendar and map are these winged creatures born with?

What strange power impels them to leave their summer home within two or three weeks of the same day each year to seek an unseen winter home thousands of miles away?

And the same marvelous instinct then drives them to return to the identical field or wood where they were bornand to arrive so punctually that the date of their return can often be predicted to within a single week, if not to the very day.

܂̂łÂŁAǂȂ܂ł̘a낵肢܂B

142 FF2006/05/30() 09:25:09
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143 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 12:44:46
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144 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 14:34:12
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145 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 20:03:49
׳ذިݸ
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QFEŜ1600Lŉ]ĂȂAȂB͖ڂ񂵂蕗

AFBn̎]͋Ksς̓łAB͓̕ω邱
Ƃł邩łBĂ镨̂̕Xs[ĥꂩςƎB͂
ƕ\̂łB
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Ăl}ɃANZ𓥂񂾂炠Ȃ̓V[ǧ둤։t̂ł
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ւƉƂ͂܂BہAȂ͓Ă邱Ƃ𓪂ł͕
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146 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 20:04:44
A
QFB͒n̕\ʂǂĂ܂BXs[h͈肩m܂񂪒ł͂
Bł͂ȂB͊O։Ȃ̂ł傤B
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Ăꂩ痎邩A邢͋CႢ݂㉺^Ɖ]̑gݍ킹̂
ôłiꂼ̏蕨͂Ȃ]邩A܂グĂ

ō̃[[R[X^[Ƃ͏㉺^ɉAA˂AJ[uĂ镨
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łB
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B䂦BƑC̊ԂɑΓIȓ͂Ȃ̂łBc

147 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 20:05:22
B
AFn1600Lŉ]ĂȂAȂB͂͂邩ɂԔs
@ɏĂ鎞ɐ^ŒnĂ̂邱ƂłȂ̂ł傤B
QFȂȂ炠Ȃ킸킵킩瓦邽߂ɓւƔł鎞łȂ
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C͒nɂĂ̂AB݂͂ȓDɏĒn̕\ʂƈꏏ
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ȂƂ͉̂Ȃ̂łB͂Ɨ_i=rAr
ۂ̊ƂȂn_jƔrď߂ēƂȂ̂łBc

148 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 20:06:17
؁XɂƂĂ͂ȂƎԂĂ̂łAȂƎԂɂƂĂ͖؁XĂ
܂Bǂ̂ł傤BȂbOɎԂ̒Ő܂ꂽƂA
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ȂȂ炻ꂼ̐l̊قȂɈقȂXs[hœƂɂȂ邩łB
ȂÎ~؁X͂ƈ₷̂ŁABlԂ͖؁X؁X
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ʂƈꏏɎ1600LœĂƌAB́uƊ֘AĂ̂vq
˂Ȃ΂Ȃ܂Bn̒SɊ֘AĂƂ̂͂ǂł傤B͒n
Ŝ̒n\́A~ĎĂȂB̒n_Ȃ̂łBȂ킿B͒n
̒SuŒ肵vƂėĂ̂łB
ł҂ĂBƌɉĂ݂܂傤BfŜ͑z𒆐SƂ
Ă̎17,100LŉĂ̂ŁAB͑zVƂė
Ƃł܂B
zꎩg̐Ɋ֘AēĂ܂BĐ͌n̒SɊ֘A
ēĂ܂Bċ͌nc
Ăǂǂ񑱂Ă̂łB//
*׳ذިݸ6
villagé̖uv́uvɓꂵĂĂB
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149 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 20:07:14
ڂQuestion̒
@fiQlFj
QFEŜ1600Lŉ]ĂȂAȂB͖ڂ񂵂蕗

AFBn̎]͋Ksς̓łAB͓̕ω邱
Ƃł邩łBړĂ镨̂Xs[ĥꂩɂēς

Ȃ̃Xs[hňړԂ̏qłƂ܂傤BȂ͂Ȃ
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̑̂͂ɋCÂ悤ɂȂ܂BȂȂ炠Ȃ̓J[ůOɌĂ킸

둤։t̂łȂ̑̂͂ɋCÂ悤ɂȂ܂BԂXs
[hグ艺J[uȂAȂ͂ƂւƉƂ
܂BہAړĂ邱ƂȂ̔]͒mĂĂȂ̑̂͒m
B
͊炩ŋK̂łȂ̔]͒n͉]ĂƒmĂĂȂ
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ł傤B̂悤ȊO̗͂Ȃ̂͂ꂪړĂ邱Ƃ
Ȃ̂łB/

150 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 21:28:59

151 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/30() 22:10:20
Unicorn lesson3-1
One morning in April 1995, I sat down at the breakfast table as usual to read the comics in the news paper.
But I didn't make it past the front page. One big headline caught my eye:"Child Laborer", Boy,12,Twelve,
about the same age as I was.I could hardly believe the story.
After school I went to the public library to study the problem of child labor.
I found a few newspaper articles:children younger than me working hard in coal mines;
others injured or killed by explosions at fireworks factories.
Why was nothing being done to stop such terrible things?l
As I walked home through my middleclass neighborhood,my thoughts were on
the other side of the world. And my own world seemed a little darker.

ǂ肢܂B

152 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 05:43:00
>151
Free the children
@
1995N̂t̓̒Al͐V̖邽߂̂悤ɒHp̃e[u
낵Błʂ߂邱Ƃ͂ȂBV̑傫Ȍol̖ڂ
Bu12΂̎JҁAEQvƂBVbNB12΁BlƓ
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w12΂̎JҁAEQ鄟
CX}o[hDpLX^DiAPʐMj
CNo}V4΂12΂̂Ƃ܂łイDHŖ蓭Ă
܂Bނ͎RɂȂƁAJɔ΂鐢EIK͂̉^n߂܂B
jɔނ͎ˎE܂BJΉ^߂悤xĂlɎEꂽ
ll܂Bx
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LBlႢqYzł߂ɓĂ邾ƂAԉ΍H̔
ŎqƂ̂BȂƂĂȂЂǂƂ~߂
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̂ƂlĂB玩̐EÂȂ悤ȋCBc

153 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 05:44:04
A
AlXɎĴƂm点邽߂ɖl͐l̓ƃO[v
Bl͂̃O[vɁut[UhvƖÂBȓŖl
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B
l͘bIƎ߂Bl̐kBuN̍Ŏ
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Ȃ̂ƒmBc

154 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 05:45:11
C
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𕪂Ăc̊Bc؂肽SԂ߂ɓĂƌ
KH̏N̖ځBc

155 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 05:46:00
D
n͑zȏɂЂǂB[]lBǁA͕ʂ
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uB͎BƎv悤ȕωłȂĂ͂ȂȂv
uB{ƂȂsNȂ΂ȂȂvc炢̈ӖƎv
QlFMahatma Gandhi once said that we must be the change we want to see, which
means we need to set the examples and start the processes towards action now.

156 FF2006/05/31() 09:08:02
ש݇Uگ3̖󂨊肢܂B

157 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 12:50:10
Secondly, the spiritual authority against which the Puritans had been
revolting from their emergence in the sixteenth century was that of
the Popes in the time of the Italian Renaissance.

They may seem to have been at one with Henry [ and his claim to be
Supreme Head of the Church in England.

But the opposition of neither Henry nor Elizabeth to the Pope was of

Otherwise, they were content to maintain the traditional structure
of church government under bishops and priests, and to continue the

They looked to the ideal of revolution as it had been set afoot by
Martin Luther in Germany. Ironically, this revolution had earlier
been opposed by Henry [, in his book "Assertio Septem Sacramentorum"
(՗i_)(1521), for which he had been rewarded by the grateful
Pope Leo X with the title of "Fidei Defensor(M̗i)"
- Defender of the Faith.

͂킩邯ǖ󂪂ł܂B

158 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 12:51:40
>>157̑ł

The religious changes he had instituted were set in a Protestant direction.

Now the ideas came not only from Luther, who still had some respect for
mediaeval tradition, but also from Calvin, who called for a radical break
with that tradition in the name of the Bible alone.
It was now to the latter that the Elizabethan Puritans looked for their
inspiration, in rejecting not only the authority of the Pope but all the
practices of the mediaeval Church as well, such as weren't explicitly
allowed by the Bible.

In developing during the Middle Ages, these practices seemed to have
increasingly departed from the original ideal of Christ as shown in the
New Testament; and it was on this ideal that the Puritans took their
firm stand, no less against the King than against the Pope.

Here we may find the principal source of Puritan inspiration.

It was a destructive ideal, in so far as they demanded the destruction
of everything they regarded as a corruption of the divine Word.

For them it was the Bible against the Church, and against that mediaeval
society which they thought had been corrupted by the Church.

낵肢܂B

159 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:34:36
UogIuj[g[h
>83
u͒m܂BvT[͌܂BułDႠ܂Bvޏ͋ߏ̐l
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Zt͖ʔ܂Buς݂܂񂪁vEbhZt͌܂BuVƂ̂Ƃl
ĂBvj[gʂ̏Zl͗Fl₲ߏ̂ƂlĂ܂B
uǂ悤Bvނ͖₢܂B

160 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:35:29
>84
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161 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:36:43
>85
Z߂߂ɂȂ܂BEbhZt͂܂ʔ܂B
u҂ĂȂBvނ͌܂BuɂȂBVH𑢂낤Bj[gʂ
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ʂɗ܂Bނ͒jAĂ܂Bj͉Fd@^ł܂ij
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H𑢂łBvEbhZt͌܂Bu߁BvT[u\͌܂B
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܂BXet@ƃLTƂ̊wZ̗FlBZlBƈꏏɍĂ܂BEb
hZt͖ʔ܂Bu҂ĂBvƒjɌ܂BEbhZt̓KX
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ނ͐Ђɍs܂Buł傤B݂܂BvЂ̒j͌܂B
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162 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:37:33
>92
uɂĂ̂łBvނ͐lXɌ܂BuɂĂ̂łB
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163 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:38:17
>93
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udCgBB͏̂Bv

164 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:39:12
>94
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165 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 18:39:57
>95
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166 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 19:00:12
>>117
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167 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 20:05:10
>>138
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168 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 20:28:32
Tadao Ando is one ofJapan's best known and most respected architects.
His work is admired around the world. And yet Ando does not think of
himself as a success.In fact, the title he chose for his recent book is
education in architecture, become a famous architect? Why does he feel he
is "losing battle after battle"?

Section1 THE GRAND TOUR
Tadao Ando is one of the most famous architects that Japan has ever
produced and he has received a number of prizes for his works.You might
be surprised to learn, therefore,that he studied architecture by himself.
He did not go to college; he did not have any teachers; on top of that,he
did not have anybody to discuss architecture with. Instead, he traveled
around the world to visit historic buildings, which helped him appreciate
Western architecture. In the 17th and 18th centuries, young people in
England often took a "grand tour," traveling around Europe, especially to
Rome, in order to train and educate themselves.The young Ando's travel to
Europe and America was his grand tour and it had a lasting impact on what
he is today.
According to Ando, first-hand experience is valuable in creating good
architecture. With new technology, we can get a lot of information about
places even on the other side of the earth. He believes, however,that an
architect must "experience" the actual place - by visiting it,by feeling
the air, by touching the material,and by listening to the echo of voices.
He seems to have gained this belief during his grand tour.
a󂧂˂܂

169 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 20:30:55
Section2 FACING CHALLENGE
In 1969, after his return from his grand tour, he opened a small office
in Osaka, but he had little work to do. It was around this time that he
became interested in building with concrete because it was one of the
cheapest materials. Some people even used to say that Ando was obsessed
with concrete, but he continued to study how he could make it more
beautiful.
In 1976, Ando made his striking debut as an architect by designing the
Row House in Sumiyoshi, Osaka, for which he won one of the most important
awards in the world of architecture in Japan.
The Row House is unique in that it is completely cut off from the
street. The inside is closed to the outside, yet it has an open court in
the middle, where people can feel "nature" directly. Ando says, "What I
wanted to do was to make a concrete box and to create a little world
inside it. It is simple but it has many different spaces, closed but
dramatized by light. It was such an image that I sought to develop."
Putting nature into architecture is very important to Ando because he
believes we can experience nature in that way.
a󂧂˂܂

170 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 20:31:45
In 1987, Ando was asked to design a church in Ibaraki, Osaka. It was a
challenge because the budget was so limited. Almost 60 percent of the
total had to be spent for materials. Ando had to begin by finding a
construction company that could work with him for little profit, but it
was not easy; it was the time of the "bubble economy" and construction
companies preferred working with less constraint on budget.Ando welcomed
the challenge, however. He is convinced that creativity is born when new
ideas meet reality. A beautiful church could - and would - be built no
matter how small the budget was. He knew that the interior of the church
had to be simple, but he had to find a way to make the simplicity
profoundly beautiful.
Above all Ando was concerned with simplicity and light. The memories
and images of Quaker meeting halls, the Pantheon, the Chapel of Ronchamp
and the Abbey of Senanque were always in his mind. Several months later,
he hit upon an idea of making a cross by using natural light.Despite all
the challenges, he succeeded in creating the Church of Light in 1989 and
won a prize for this work.
a󂧂˂܂

171 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 20:32:20
Section3 WIN SOME,LOSE SOME
In 1991,Ando entered a major international competition for designing a
new railway station for Kyoto. After long research, he came up with a
design that would change the look of the city, which was divided by the
Tokaido Line,both in terms of function and scenery.The plan he developed
would connect the north and the south by building two glass gates where
Kyoto Station stands today. Below those gates would be a huge
grass-covered stage, which would be open to the public 24 hours a day.
People would be able to see the Tou-ji temple in the south and the
Hongan-ji temple in the north. As a matter offact, the two glass gates
were never built. Ando lost the "battle." Ando knows that an architect's
role in society is to design new buildings and spaces. He believes,
however,that repairing and reviving old buildings is even more important.
He followed this belief when he was asked to turn an old library in Tokyo
into the International Library of Children's Literature.
Again it was a real challenge. Building an entirely new library would
have been much easier, but Ando never gave up.He came up with an idea of
contrasting the old and new by putting new large glass boxes into the old
building so that we could feel a "dialog" between them. The long, wide
corridor outside the old building would be used as a space like an engawa,
where children visiting the library could relax and read their favorite
books. Also he improved the old building by putting an
earthquake-resistant structure under the old building so that it could
take the shock of earthquakes. These changes have brought new energy to
the old building, giving it another 100 or even 200 years of lite.
a󂧂˂܂

172 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 20:33:28
Section4 WINING IN THE END
Today Ando is in constant competition with top architects all around
the world. He knows that a masterpiece is born only when dreams are
subjected to constraints. If you are facing difficulties, you have to
think about how to overcome them by asking yourself questions: What do
you want to do? What shouldyou do? What can you do?
Ando says that architecture is a battle. He often feels that he is
losing one battle after another. But many people hope - and believe -
that Ando and his ideas will win in the end.
Ă݂܂m(__)ma󂧂˂܂

173 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 21:09:49
>>152-155
܂SċĂ炦Ƃ́EEE܂I肪Ƃ܂I

174 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 21:52:58
>>118
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175 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 22:15:57
>>120
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176 F񁗉p׋F2006/05/31() 22:25:58
>55ނ͍Dŏi̍DށjقƂǂǂȔ]łk𔭒BBHH

177 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 00:27:30
CLOWNULESSONRƂS̘a肢܂B
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178 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 05:44:36
>177B׳݇U̘aĂ̖\̂łȂ
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179 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 11:32:42
̃TCgĕ
LbVłȂȂĂ܂

180 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 19:58:02
jR[2bX3肢ł܂񂩁H

181 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 21:20:48
>180ha>>152-155

182 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 21:56:25
>>159-165
e؂ɖ󂵂ĒƂĂӂĂ܂B

183 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 22:05:30
󂨊肢܂B
I canft tell what will happen in the 21st century, but I think there will be no West and East and no countries.
Even though there will be different faces and hair colors, many things will be mixed up.
If cultures mix, what remains is the individual.
What you like, what you think and what you do become very important.
Countries lose importance. There will be no West and East.
The Yamada born in China, raised in Japan with Japanese citizenship, is no longer important.
What matters is myself as an individual.
When I go to foreign countries or teach in Japan, I always say that music is the international language.

184 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 22:47:09
>>181肪Ƃ܂I

185 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/01() 23:14:03
>>167
aA肪Ƃ܂I

186 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/02() 04:16:09
CROWNULesson8̘a󕪂A肢܂m(_ _"m)

187 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/02() 04:40:28
>183
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188 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/02() 05:08:06
>186
׳݇U8
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189 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/02() 05:35:26
>>140-141
۸ڽ5
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190 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/03(y) 05:59:40
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191 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/03(y) 06:02:35
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192 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/03(y) 21:38:11
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193 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/03(y) 23:58:11
>>189-191
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194 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 00:42:00
PROGRESS IN ENGLISH BOOK6TOURISMłB̘a肢܂B

FSome people will do almost anything to get a tan.
Sometimes they will lie on beaches that are so crowded that people can't walk to the water.
They may burn their skin until it is red and painful.
But when they go home, everyone can see that they have been away.
And perhaps they feel younger and more healthy.
So the tourist's pleasure continues after his return home.

GHolidays are not just for pleasure.
Tourists bring very large amounts of foreign money to the countries they visit.
This has had an important effect on the economy of many countries, and some countries need the tousist trade very much.

HIn Spain there are about forty million visitors each year-equal to the number of inhabitantsI
In the main tourist countries, the jobs of thousands of people depend on tourism, and tourism often brings jobs to areas where there is little other work.

195 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 00:44:00
>>194̑łB

ISometimes tourism makes prices rise a lot.
Local people cannot get flats or houses because they can be let to tourists for much more money.
Shops can charge more for food and other things.
Moreover, the jobs that tourism creates are in the main only for summer.
During the winter the hotels stand empty, and there may be no other work.
Beaches and other beautiful places are sometimes spoiled by tall hotels, large roads and buildings.

JAlthough there are sometimes problems, the world traffic of tourists grows and grows.
Every year there are new places to visit.
Perhaps we will soon be able to purchase tickets to the moon.

܂łłBǂȂA낵肢܂B

196 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 09:19:00
>157
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Secondly, the spiritual authority iagainst which the Puritans had been
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197 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 09:20:29
>194-195
۸ڽ6 Tourism
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198 FF2006/06/04() 12:29:02
NE[fBOPOۂa󂵂ĉB

199 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 14:34:19
>>196

200 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 19:45:12
ǂȂCROWN2Lesson3낵肢܂EEE
ߋLbVȂȂĂ܂

ςaTCgł͒ɂłˁEEE

201 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 19:55:12
NElesson4̘a󂠂܂H
ߋOȂȂĂ܂Ă̂Łc

202 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/04() 20:06:52
jR[ŨbXR̖󂨊肢܂I
@
One morning in April 1995, I sat down at the breakfast table as usual to read the comics in the newspaper. But I didnft make it past the front page.
One big headline caught my eye:gChild Laborer, boy 12, Murdered.h It was a shock.
Twelve, about the same age as I was. I could hardly believe the story.

Child Laborer, boy 12, Murdered.
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AD)-from 4 to 12 years old, Iqbal Masih was forced to work at a carper-weaving factory. After he was free, he started a worldwide campaign against child labor. On Sunday, he was shot dead.
Some people believe he was murdered by someone who had warned him to him to stop his activities.

After school I went to the public library to study the problem of child labor.
I found a few newspaper articles: children younger than me working hard in coal mines; others injured or killed by explosions at fireworks factories.
Why was nothing being done to stop such terrible things?
As I walked home through my middle-class neighborhood, my thoughts were on the other side of the world. And my own world seemed a little darker.

203 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 01:34:45
NEU̘a󂨊肢܂B
܂Ƃ߃TCg̃LbVAȏaXS܂łEEEB

204 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:06:13
>203
ĂɌȂˁB2C3ɂOɂ͌ꂽ̂ɁBŁH

205 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:08:27
낢޸ނꂪ猩邩Ȃ

206 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:17:01
>202ƺ݇U3>>152-155
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207 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:18:50
׳݇U3󂵂Ă
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208 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:19:39
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209 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:21:23
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210 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:22:06
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211 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 05:45:45
ǂȂANẼbX4̘aĉII

212 FF2006/06/05() 14:36:02
ȏ͂̕ȂłǁC󂨊肢ł܂HĂ܂EEEB
@Anne Fagan was riding in an elevator in a shopping mall when two men pointed a gun at her head.
Anne fought off her attackersfattempts to rape her,and she escaped.
However,she continues to have awful nightmares about that terrifying day.Although the attack occurred several years ago,
Anne is still unable to enter an elevator.Doctors tell Anne that she is suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder,or PTSD.
This is the same disorder that affects soldiers dealing with the horrors of battle,
survivors of earthquakes,or victims recovering from torture.Similarly,many people who escaped
the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11,2001,are affected by PTSD.
AgSome memories can be very disruptive.They may stop you from leading a normal life,as you may have flashbacks at any time
These are like nightmares,even though you are awake,hsays Roger Pitman,a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.
gFor instance,people involved in severe road accidents may feel very upset when they hold a steering wheel.If this is the case,
they may never be able to drive again.h
BScientists have a pretty good idea of what causes this disorder.When a person experiences a traumatic event,the body releases adrenaline,
a stress hormone that prepares the body to run from or attack an aggressor.Adrenaline affects an area of the brain involved in fear and memory.
gThe same adrenaline that makes you run fast also has the ability to strengthen your memory,hsays Dr.Pitman.gHowever,this mechanism is often too effective.
Sufferers of PTSD may have trouble letting go of these strong memories.h

213 FF2006/06/05() 15:15:08
ňȏłB݂܂񂪂肢܂B
CScientists at Harvard University are developing a pill to lessen the brain's reaction to traumatic events.
Pitman's team has been experimenting with propranolol,a drug that blocks the action of adrenaline.
gWe figured that we could give people propranolol to affect the memory before it becomes too deeply set in the brain,h
explains Pitman.The doctor is quick to point out that the drug does not cause people to remember things differently,just less vividly.
This sounds like a very beneficial development,but not everyone is convinced that propranolol is a good idea.
Geraldine Scaratti,a counselor at the Boston Area Rape Crisis Center,is concerned about the use of the pill.
Scaratti,who sees about 400 rape cases a year,says it is important for women to feel in control when they are recovering from a sexual assault.
gTaking the drug propranolol means that the victim gives up control over their memories.That's not a good thing,h
points out Scaratti.gMoreover,anyone who took this medicine could be in trouble in a legal case.
Lawyers may argue that the drug has altered the woman's memory about the assault,hworries Scaratti.
DOthers fear that the pill will be used more casually,perhaps to forget a bad date or a lousy day at work.
gLet's say that I'm in a business meeting with a client and my manager.I make a fool of myself and lose the deal.
I decide to take something to help me forget my embarrassment.That way I can be more confident when I go into the office the next day,h
says Stephen Moore,co-director of Stanford University's Center for Biomedical Ethics.
gI'd say that was a misuse of science.h

214 FF2006/06/05() 19:36:22
>>212>>213{ɂ肢܂BقƂɂłȂƂ΂āEEEB

215 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 21:09:59
>>207-210

_đ݂񂾂
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216 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 21:42:27
CROWNU Lesson4
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217 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 21:43:38

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Bǂ肪Ƃ܂B

218 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/05() 21:45:22
OTCg̃Rs[̂ĂƎv܂

219 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 00:15:21
>>197

220 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 00:17:07
PROGRESS BOOK6́gPOVERTY:ITS KINDS AND CAUSEShłB()̒ɓKIŘa󂵂ȂĂ͂Ȃ̂łA悭ȂčĂ܂BǂȂa낵肢܂B

@To be poor is believed by many who are, and most who are not, to be an upleasant thing.

If there is a difference of opinion here between the rich and the poor, it is the depth of feeling on the subject, something on which practical experience will be thought to heighten sensibility, () this is not wholly certain.

There is a strong possibility that in many societies the poor react to their economic situation with less anxiety than do the rich.

():(1)although (2)as far as (3)because (4)unless

܂܂B

221 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 00:20:44
>>220̑łB
ATwo forms of poverty can be distinguished.
There is that which afflicts the few or, in any case, the minority in some societies.
And there is the poverty that afflicts all but a few in other societies.

BThe causes of (a) kind of poverty, that of the poor individual or family in the predominantly affluent community, have been much investigated and debated.

(a):(1)a better (2)another (3)the first (4)the second

222 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 00:22:53
What characteristics moral, genetic, familial, environmental, educational, racial, social, hygienic cause some persons to (b) the general well-beingH

This, the cause of minority poverty, remains a question of considerable importance.

Study has yet to produce general agreement.

There remains even a residue of thought which holds that those who suffer were divinely intended for their fate or have been accorded the suffering that, from personal deficiency, thex righteously deserve.
But this is not the kind of poverty with which I am here concerned.

(b):(1)be excluded from (2)benefit from (3)promote (4)suffer from

Ƃ肠A܂łłBȂĂ܂܂A낵肢܂B

223 FF2006/06/06() 01:48:15
>>212>>213{ɂ肢܂B}Wł΂łEEEB

224 FF2006/06/06() 04:26:31
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225 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 04:49:45
ރ~bǵH

226 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 04:50:45
ЯẮH

227 FF2006/06/06() 05:34:20
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228 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 05:50:42
>227
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229 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 05:51:56
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Y悤ɉۂ邱Ƃɂ܂BĎ͗A莩MĎ
ɓ̂łBvStanford University's Center for Biomedical Ethicsco-director
̃Xet@[A͌Bu͉Ȋw̌p낤Ǝv܂Bv/

230 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 05:56:16
>229
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231 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 20:05:06
낵肢܂łB
[Bloodshot morning]

Hey granny..sorry mom. Are you gonna go to somewhere for gumbling?
You know what time it is now, don't you?
Hi yourself, your appearance was dramatically changed, I didn't notice you. your hair was really grown up, wasn't it?
(keep silences... while short term)
Hey...your eyes. As if you just killed somebody few minutes ago...
Not really, that must be the story long times ago. Now it might be my turn, like deffenceless.
Stop it, "Adonis". You have an good-looking, you only better adjust yourself. Did you get yhin again?
You need some money?
I don't want you to give me your kindness so much. I thought you already knew that I ain't genuine.
Am I right?
Yeah? So, you shouldn't be crying "Adonis".
I don't want it, shut it. I wanna say you " Shut it, drop it off, you damned old lady,
What the hell do you think who you are? Do ya think you'er gonna be able to understand me?
The hell you won't". But I can't....though I only met you twice....stop it,,
Everybody is living thair honest life, so I want to stay being alone.
I know, you also shouldn't be crying. You just give a shape to yourself and make yourself steady.
That should be nice, you "Adonis".
Drop it off, shut it. I do wanna finish this, cause i really feel hard as you can't imagine.
But i don't feel like talking this with you. I wanna tell this to young girl who has beauty and has favor to me
vaguely or inocently. After I'd tell her my story, I hope I'll finish this.
,,,,,,,You look so nice "Maki". if i was thirty years younger than I am .
How many times should I tell you the same thing? Stop it, granny ...mom.
Never speak to me again, I'm liar. I want to be alone. I'm ashamed of being alive,,,,,.

232 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 21:41:02
>>220-222
ǂȂa󂨊肢ł܂Hōl܂AƂ󂪍܂cB

233 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 22:02:37
ǂȂƺگ3̇BƇC̉pS킩܂H
ȏYĂ܂ĥ

234 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 22:39:42
>>232
Ƃ肠JbRłĂ݂BƂB

uHey granny..sorry mom. Are you gonna go to somewhere for gumbling?
You know what time it is now, don't you?v
uHi yourself, your appearance was dramatically changed, I didn't notice you. your hair was really grown up, wasn't it?
(keep silences... while short term)v
uHey...your eyes. As if you just killed somebody few minutes ago...v
uNot really, that must be the story long times ago. Now it might be my turn, like deffenceless.v
uStop it, "Adonis". You have an good-looking, you only better adjust yourself. Did you get yhin again?
You need some money?v
uI don't want you to give me your kindness so much. I thought you already knew that I ain't genuine.
Am I right?v
uYeah? So, you shouldn't be crying "Adonis".v
uI don't want it, shut it. I wanna say you " Shut it, drop it off, you damned old lady,
What the hell do you think who you are? Do ya think you'er gonna be able to understand me?
The hell you won't". But I can't....though I only met you twice....stop it,,
Everybody is living thair honest life, so I want to stay being alone.v
uI know, you also shouldn't be crying. You just give a shape to yourself and make yourself steady.
That should be nice, you "Adonis".v
uDrop it off, shut it. I do wanna finish this, cause i really feel hard as you can't imagine.
But i don't feel like talking this with you. I wanna tell this to young girl who has beauty and has favor to me
vaguely or inocently. After I'd tell her my story, I hope I'll finish this.v
u,,,,,,,You look so nice "Maki". if i was thirty years younger than I am .v
uHow many times should I tell you the same thing? Stop it, granny ...mom.
Never speak to me again, I'm liar. I want to be alone. I'm ashamed of being alive,,,,,. v

235 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/06() 22:46:11
ԈႢB̃X>>231B

236 F񁗉p׋ F2006/06/07() 00:04:25
ǂȂbXQ̘a󋳂ĉ!!肢܂!!

237 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 00:08:28
i suppose there's a way to make the answer "i bought may coat" correct,
but you really have to use your imagination.

suddenly, you see it. Your coat! In this situation, you could say " i bought my coat".
Of course, this is an outrageous example. If it ever happens, call the polece.

Be sure to lock your door and windows when you go outthis textbook valuable.

rĂ̂łA낵肢܂B

238 F232F2006/06/07() 00:09:20
x܂BƂ肠@̘̕a󂾂ł肢܂cBĂ܂cB

239 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 00:23:56
>>220@ŏB
PjnƂ͂Ȃ񂼂ƂƂ́An̐lƁAقƂǂ̕nȂ
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240 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 00:37:47
>>239
Ă܂Ă܂B󂠂肪Ƃ܂B܂I

241 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 07:11:14
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242 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 07:26:19

B1sځB
>ڂ̎̕nAxTґw
ڂ̎̕nA܂xTw

243 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 08:02:45
>237
>́ui bought may coatvƂ𐳉ɂ邱ƂłƎv܂AȂ

>ˑRAȂ͂ڂɂBȂ̃R[gB̏󋵂Ȃui bought my coatv
Ƃł܂B񂱂͂Ƃ҂ȗłBȂƂNx@
ĂłBR[g𔃂Ă͂܂B
>OoƂ͕KhAƑɌȂB÷Ă͉l̂̂Ȃ̂łB

244 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 09:04:59
>>243

245 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 22:18:33
wZp̔̂΂炫EE

246 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/07() 22:52:45
>>188
NȆS\Ă܂񂩁H

247 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 06:05:40
>158
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248 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 06:15:04
>234
270 OF eF2005/12/03(y) 23:57
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249 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 06:23:57
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250 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 06:24:48
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251 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 06:57:29
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252 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 07:17:13

E2s
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253 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/08() 19:27:24
>>248

254 FsageF2006/06/08() 23:17:52
nne who@instigates the prosecution upon which an accused is
arrested or who prefers an accusation against the party whom they
suspect to be guilty,as does a district,country,or statefs attorney
on behalf of the state,or a@tnited rtates@ttorney for a federal
district on behalf of the tr goverment.

gowever,to achieve public office and work for the rtate judiciary,as
a notary or judge,for example,graduate lawyers must compete for places through
public examinations and then attend judicial school for two years.
shey then may be appointed as civil servants anywhere in the country.

@pꂪłA낵肢܂B

255 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/09() 01:59:50
۸ڽ6̘a𗊂񂾎҂łB

>>241-242
>>249-252
ԐM̂xĂ܂܂AJȘaAɉĖ̉𓚁E܂łĒĂ肪Ƃ܂BϏ܂B

256 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/09() 23:34:33
jR[Uگ݂S̖󂨊肢܂II

257 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 17:55:57
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258 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 18:00:32
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259 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 18:01:16
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260 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 18:30:18
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261 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 18:49:25
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262 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 21:33:21

263 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/10(y) 23:40:06
>>257-261
ƂĂ₷łˁB

264 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 03:38:14
PROGRESS IN ENGLISH BOOK5Lesson9 Ex.19uTIME AND THE MACHINEvłB

Time, as we know it, is a very recent invention.
The modern time-sense is hardly older than the United States.
It is a by-product of the Industrial Revolution.
What synthetic perfumes and artificial fibers are in the material line, this new sense of time is in the psychological line.

Time is our tyrant.
We are acutely aware of the moving minute hand, even of the moving second hand.
We have to be.
For there are trains to be caught, clocks to be punched, tasks to be done in specified periods, records to be broken by fractions of seconds, machines that set the pace and have to be kept up with.
Our consciousness of the minutest units of time has indeed become acute.
To us, for example, the moment 8:17 a.m. means somethingsomething of great importance if it happens to be the starting time of our daily train.
To our ancestors, such an odd eccentric instant was without significance; it did not so much as exist.

265 F264F2006/06/11() 03:41:36
łB

In inventing the locomotive Watt was part inventor of time.

Another time-emphasizing factor is the factory and its dependent, the office.
Factories exist for the purpose of getting certain quantities of goods made in a certain time.
The old artisan worked as it suited him, with the result that consumers generally had to wait for the goods they had ordered from him.
The factory is a device for making workmen hurry.
The machine revolves so often each minute; so many movements have to be made, so many pieces produced each hour.
Result: the factory worker(and the same is true of the office worker) is compelled to know time in its smallest fractions.
In the handwork age there was no such compulson to be aware of minutes and seconds.

܂ł̘aAǂȂ낵肢܂B

266 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 07:51:40
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܂BB̐cɂƂẮÂ悤ȈُȏO킵uԁiIȎԁj݂͑

*ԈႢɋCtAǂ̕낵肢܂B

267 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 08:04:45
AŌ̍s
>bg͎Ԃ̍lĎ҂̈lȂ̂ł
bg͎Ԃ̕IȍlĎ҂Ȃ̂ł

268 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 17:54:18
CROWNULesson2-3łB

Now let's take a brief look at the history of Aborigines.
In 1988, Australia celebrated 200 years of settlement, but Aborigines had little to celebrate.
"Discovered" around 1700, Aborigines were pushed out of their land, called "savages," and even killed.

Between 1910 and 1971 the government took thousands of Aboriginal children from their families and brought them up in white communities.
It was hoped that they would be educated and "civilized."
However, this plan ended up only destroying their traditions.
The fact that they were cut off from the land meant a lot for them, because the land is where their people's spirit and soul had been grounded.

Archie Roach, a popular Aboriginal musician, sings about the pain of this "Stolen Generation" :

The sun is round, the moon is round - your life journey goes round in a circle too.
But, if the circle is broken, then you don't know which way to go.
You're drifting in space, you're nowhere.

In recent years there has been a movement to bring Aborigines and other Australians together.
Since the 1970s large areas of land have been returned to Aboriginal control.
Uluru, or Ayers Rock, is example.
As more Australians come to learn and appreciate Aboriginal culture, they want to compensate Aborigines for what happened in the past.

Aboriginal art can be seen as a way to overcome pain and discrimination and express the meaning of life.
It is an art of living.

܂ł̖ǂȂĂȂł傤c

269 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 18:05:36
jR[2bX3肢܂

270 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 18:06:35
ԈႦ܂@@@jR[2bX4肢܂

271 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 18:09:48
>>269>>270ł̂łł@낢낷܂ł

272 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 19:11:24
׳ذިݸlesson9̖肢܂B

273 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 20:33:42
LESSON3 partP̈ȉ̕AǂȂa󂵂ĉB肢܂B

Suddenly,the two wolves stopped.
The fight was over and the winner was decided.
The older wolf had his mouth very close to the neck of the younger.
The younger wolf,the loser,held his head down and exposed his neck,the most vulnerable part of his body,to the older.
The sharp teeth of the older wolf were so close to the neck of the younger that it looked like he was going to tear into it at any moment.
When the two wolves were fighting,they only showed their teeth to each other and did not expose their necks at all.
But once the fight was over,the loser seemed willing to offer his neck to the winner.
Just one bite by the older wolf would have killed him on the spot.

274 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 20:55:13
>>273
ˑRA2C̘T̓~܂B
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275 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 21:05:08
>>273
L܂I܂B

276 F275F2006/06/11() 21:05:47
XԊԈႦEEEɂ炵Ăǂ鎩orz
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277 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 22:27:36
ǂȂCROWNT̃bXTi^ߍ̂j̃ZNVRS̘a肢܂I

278 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 22:51:08
pEEE
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279 F264E265F2006/06/11() 22:54:44
>>266-267
Jvȉ𓚂肪Ƃ܂I܂B

>>264-265
̑Ȃ̂łAǂȂa󂨊肢܂B

Our awareness of time has reached such a pitch of intensity that we suffer acutely whenever our travels take us into some corner of the world where people are not interested in minutes and seconds.

The lack of interest in punctuality in the Orient (with the notable exception of Japan) is appalling to those who come freshly from a land of fixed mealtimes and regular train service.

For a modern American or Englishman, waiting is a psychological torture.

An indian accepts the blank hours with resignation, not to say satisfaction.

He has not lost the fine art of doing nothing.

܂B

280 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 22:56:05
łB

Our notion of time as a collection of minutes, each of which must be filled with some business or amusement, is wholly alien to the Oriental today just as it was wholly alien to the Greek.

For the man who lives in a pre-industrial world, time moves at a slow and easy pace.

He does not care about each minute, for the good reason that he has not been made conscious of the existence of minutes.

낵肢܂B

281 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/11() 23:18:33
>>279
̎ԔF͂̂悤ɋxł邽߁A
n̐lbɊ֐S̖E̕ЋɍsΏɂЂǂꂵނƂɂȂ܂B
isuch  thatEEE@uȂ̂ŁEEEv邩ǂ~\j

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CfBA͉邱ƂԁiF󔒂̎ԁjAĂƂ͌܂񂪁A߂Ď󂯓܂B

ނ͉ȂƂ|pĂȂ̂łB

282 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 02:13:05
׳ذިݸlesson3̘aĂI
SR炸ɍĂ܂̂ł낵肢܂II

283 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 05:41:38
>>265
B
Ԃʂ̗vf͍HƂɈˑcƏłBH͈莞ԓɍ
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̂łBd̎ɂ͕ƕb𖳗Ɉӎ邱Ƃ͂܂łB
>280
C
Our notion of time
̎Ẅꕪꕪ炩̎dVтŖȂ΂ȂȂƂĂ̎
B̎Ԃ̊TÓAꂪÑMVlɂƂđS݂Ȃ̂Ƃ傤Ǔ

Ԃ͂Ƃ₩ȃe|Őił܂Bނ͈ꕪꕪCɂ邱
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Rɂ܂Bc

*
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^CJ[h͉Ȃ΂Ȃ炸

284 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 05:58:11
>268
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A{Wj[̎qǂBƑĔlЉŗ{炵܂ Bނ炪

j󂵂łBނ炪ynƐ؂藣ꂽƂ͔ނɂƂđ傫
Ӗ܂BȂ Ȃyn͔ނ̐_ƍtĂꏊ łB
lĈA{Wj[̉yƂłA [[[͂́uDꂵv̒ɂ
ɂ ĉ̂܂B
z܂邭A܂邭lsH邮
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Ă܂B1970NォLȓyn A{Wj[̊Ǘɖ߂܂BE
GA[YbN ̈łB I[XgAlA{Wj[̕m

v悤ɂȂĂ̂łBA{Wj [̌|ṕAɂƍʂ邽߂́A
̈Ӗ\邽߂̕@ƍl܂B͐̌|pȂ̂łB

285 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 17:46:05
>>284
L܂II
󂹂ȂčĂ̂Ő܂B
ȒȂ̂ɖ󂵂ĂĖ{ɗL܂!!

286 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:15:09
>>257
xȂ܂!!

܂III

287 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:41:22
i۸ڽ5j
>>283̑
D
̂Ƃ͎BɖȃphbNX炵܂BHƉꂽlԂ͔ɍׂ
Ԅv̓dԂ̎\A@B̉]ɂČv悤ȎԄ͋ӎ
Ă̂łǂÂȂ̂傫敪ꂽԈӎ͑啔Ă
BB̒m鎞Ԃ͐lHIȁAl̎ɂ鎞ԂłBB͂Ă̏ꍇA
zɂČv蕪悤ȎŔAF̎ԂقƂǂ܂ӎ܂B
YƊvO̐lX͓ƁAXƁAG߂Ƃ̎ŎԂm܂Bނ͓̏oA
AvAƐVAtďH~ӎ܂B×̏@͊FA̓X́AG
Ƃ̎Ă܂BYƊvO̐l͉F̎Ԃ̗YȎԂ̗Y

E
HƉꂽssׂ͂̂ĂςĂ܂B𖈓؂鑾z̐isӎ
ĂȂĂA␯܂ڂɂȂĂAl͓sŐƂł
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łAb╪AĂ蔪Ԃ́uvƈTԓŹuTv
i=YƉꂽl̋ΖԂ̂ƁjŌv܂BB͐VԈӎLĂ
A͐̂Ȃ̎Ԉӎ㏞ɂčwĂ̂łB//
*ӖB

288 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:51:19
>>277@׳݇T5
B
̓lHIȂ̂łȂA̖ړI͉ł傤H̐΂̌
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͂܂܂BېlHIȂ̘̂błB
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C
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Ȋw҂͉̊Cꂩ牽Âł傤H͐lԂ̗j̗傫ς

289 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:53:13
>>262
׳ذިݸ2
Lesson2
V[AXi^j́AlɖƑz̐EJ20I|p
̎嗬łBl}Obg̊G͂̉^̏dvȈꕔłBނ͌𒴂
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ksection1l
l}Obgi1898-1967j̊ǴAsvcno߂ɏ펯ƂIȍl
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}ObǵuN͂̃pCv𐁂邩HłȂˁB̓pCvȂAp
Cv̊GȂ񂾁Bvc

290 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:54:06
ksection2l
ɂ͔ނ̊G͕ςƎvl܂B}Obg͎̍iɂēfϗ

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291 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:55:06
ksection3l
l}Obg̍ŏ̊G͔ނ̎̑̑̊GƎĂ܂Bނ͌җ
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292 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:56:56
>>282
׳݂q.lessonR
ng/kɂ̓h
EŗnCkCbg͕sgȕω
@30NԂŕϋC4x߂㏸ĂƂɃAXJƃJi_̂͂邩kɏZ
ނƂ́AG߂̕ςڂɒ񂾂A΂A΂΂ɂȂiςɑΏł

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kɏZނƁjc

293 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:58:37
Dx[OCANCA{[tH[gC݂̑ɂƂėZX͓GłB
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294 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 18:59:21
INA̐lX́uIȒmvƂĒmkɒnɂẴCkCbg
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295 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 19:17:05
>>246
׳݇TUذިݸށB
Ƃ肠TB
U͖󂪈ꕔȂꂩ󂷂̂łƎԉ

296 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 21:58:53
>>293
>>294

{ɏ܂B

297 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/12() 22:46:18
>>281
>>283
>>287
̂xȂĂ܂܂AJȘa󂠂肪Ƃ܂IϏ܂B

298 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/13() 18:08:38
>>268
>284̒
ł̓A{Wj[̗jƌĂ݂܂傤B1988NAI[XgA͓A200
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ɂƍʂ邽߂́A܂̈Ӗ\邽߂̕@ƍl܂B
͐̌|pȂ̂łB//

299 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/13() 21:28:27
NEh
Leson3
What Is Our Greatest
InventionH
ZNVP

300 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 06:22:43
>299

301 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 17:24:19
CLOWN @گ݇@C󂵂Ă܂񂩁ccMDL

302 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 17:29:16
300̃TCgɂ̂Ă邶

303 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 17:31:12
ǂł!!??

304 F@p׋F2006/06/14() 17:35:55
a낵肢܂B

@ More than 500,000 foreign students come to the United States
annually to pursue their dreams of education. They come for
as exchange students staying in the U.S.for a year or so, living
with a family and attending a high school. In addition, many students
come for summer vacation combined with a course of study (usually English).
American universities and collages have evolved over some four hundred
years from elite institutions for the wealthy or clergy to more egalitarian
places of learning. Awareness of the evolution of the American system of
higher education is helpful to international students in understanding
the underlying attitudes of Americans towards their feeling of rights to
an education.
@There are a variety of reasons why a student might was to leave his or her
home country to study in the United States. One reason is choice. There
are over 3,500 institutions of higher education in the United Statdes.
These range from small liberal arts colleges (which emphasize the Humanities)
enrolling anywhere from 500 students to large comprehensive institutions
with more than 52,000 students (e.g., University of Texas at Austin).
A student therefore can experience college life in quite different ways
depending on the size of the institution and its location. Students can
]attend a large university in a city such as Madison, Wisconsin (population
208,000) and have quite a different experience from a student who attends
a small university in New York City (population 8,086,000). Why? Because
in Madison, Wisconsin, the university with as many as 42,000 students,
dominates the town whereas in New York City, the City dominates all
other entities.

305 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 17:36:43
>>303
Ă΁EEE

306 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 23:25:44
>>304
304
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̃AJ̐x̔W̔F́AAJl̋ւ̌̊ɑ΂
̊{IȎp𗝉ۂɖ𗧂܂jB
wȂꍑ𗣂AJŊwԂɂ͂낢ȗR܂BR̈͑I
̋@łBAJɂ3,500ȏ̍̋@ւ܂B500l
ww鏬ȋ{wi͐lȊwdvjA52,000l
w傫ȑwiႦ΃I[XeBɂeLTXwjɂ܂ŋyт܂B
䂦w͋@ւ̋K͂ꏊŖ{ɗlXȑw̌邱Ƃł
Bw̓EBXRVB̃}fB\il208,000ĵ悤Ȓɂ傫ȑw
ʂAj[[Nsil8,086,000jɂ鏬ȑwɒʂwƂ͂Ȃ

42,000l̊wwXxẑɑ΂Aj[[Nsł͒̂
Ă݂̑xz邩łB/

307 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/14() 23:48:21
̏tꉞwɂȂꂽ͂Ȃ̂ɉpꂺ񂺂킩܂B

In the years that have followed , many changes have taken place in
the world.

hin the years that have followed h킩܂B
󂷂ƁhNhiHjB܂a󂨂˂܂B

308 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 00:10:15
ꂩ̐NԁAEő̕ωNĂB

309 F307F2006/06/15() 00:12:12
>>308

310 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 00:46:59
ꂩƂ̐Eő̕ωNĂB

311 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 06:30:47
׳݇T׳݇U׳R
󂵎upĂ܂

312 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 21:52:33
>>311A_lA肪ƂBNEUS܂Ă܂III

313 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 21:55:19
CrownU@Lessson3Section34̖ĂȂł傤H

314 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 22:13:50

315 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/15() 23:15:54
CNAZgĂ̖󂠂܂񂩁IH

316 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 05:04:50
>313>311
>315BȂł

317 F313F2006/06/16() 07:38:43
ǂ肪Ƃ܂B܂I
ȂAlIɃl\ƌĂ΂Ă܂I

318 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:01:16
a󂨊肢܂B

Alzhemer's
Alzhemer's disease is a big concern for all of us,especially older people.
This is true because there is no known cure for the disease.

319 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:05:19
>>318̑łB
The Alzhemer's Association estimates that half of the population of the
United States over 85 years old has Alzhemer's.
Unfortunately,people younger than that often come down with Alzhemer's too.

320 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:05:58
>>318
AcnC}[a͐lނɂƂāAɘVlɂƂđ傫ȐSzłB
ȂȂ炱̕a̎Ö@ĂȂ炾B

321 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:10:40
AcnC}[a̎ZɂƂWUΈȏ̃AJl̂
AcnC}[ɂĂƂB
sKɂAႢlXAcnC}[ɂ悭ĂB

322 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:11:34
Act@C}[a͉XSAɂNɂƂĂ͑傫ȐSzłB
͐^łAR͎Ö@Nɂ킩Ȃł

323 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:13:57
߂A[hĂȂ

324 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:24:36
>>319̑łB
In recent years scientists have been having lots of success with new way to treat Alzheimer's.
One of the most important things in its treatment is early detection.
It is important that doctors treat the disease early in hopes that full Alzheimer's doesn't develop.
Now doctors can scan patients' brains to look for early sings of Alzheimer's.
Using this technology,doctors can at least delay the disease.
However,they still cannot prevent it.
Progress is begin made on new drugs that are being tested on animals.
The drug attacks clusters of proteins in the brain,which cause Alzheimer's.
However,safe and effective new drugs are at least ten years away.

>>318,>>319̒łB()Alzhemer's()Alzheimer's

325 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:35:27
lƃLK̊JW
@Ƃ̃LK̎̔䗦́A낢Ȑ܂AʓIɂ́A
lPOOAĐlVOXOA{lPOPTAlRT炢
Ă܂B
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̏LA炭dvȈʒuɂƂǂ܂̂Ǝv܂BAĐlɂLK̎
Ƃl킹ƁAł傫ȗv́AĤɂ悤łB
@ނȂǂ̍J[AbH́A؂⍒HɔׁA玉BA|NBhA
̊ɂƂĂ܂BH𒆐SƂ鉢Đl̃A|NB́A
{lȂǂ芈ɓĂāA葽̑BgDĉƎv܂B
@A؂⋛Ȃǂ̒WȐHĂ{l⒆ĺAtɑމXA
̏L̏ȂɂȂƂ܂B

326 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:42:43
>>324̑łB
Until new drugs and treatments are developed,there are things that we can do to help prevent Alzheimer's.
Many tests have shown that regular intake of vitamins C and E help prevent the disease.
When both vitamins C and E are taken together,they are even more effective.
Folic acid is also good,found in leafy vegetables such as spinach.
Regular mind exercises are known to be helpful.
You can keep the brain active with crossword puzzles,playing chess or just reading.
Learning a new skill,such as a foreign language,challenges the brain and also helps keep it healthy.

327 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 09:45:01
>>320>>321>>322
ǂ肪Ƃ܂II

328 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/16() 17:50:57
>>315
CNANZgB
łBȂłBB

329 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/17(y) 04:59:58
>324
ߔNɂȂĉȊw҂̓AcnC}[aÂV@ő̐߂ĂB
ÂƂɍłdvȂƂ̈͑łBtSȃAcnC}[a
͐isȂƂ]đɂ̕aCÂ邱ƂdvłB
ł͈t̓AcnC}[ȃTĊ҂̔]XL邱ƂłB
̋Zp𗘗pƈt͏ȂƂaC̐isx点邱ƂłBȂ
AcnC}[ahƂ͍ȂłȂB
sĂV̊JiWn߂ĂB
̖̓AcnC}[ǎƂȂ]̒̂ς̉UB
ȂSŌʓIȐVɂ͏ȂƂƏ\N͂B
>326
V⎡Ö@J܂ł̓AcnC}[a\h邽߂ɂł邱Ƃ͂
B̎ɂāAIɃr^~CEێ悷邱Ƃ͂̕aC̗\hɖ
ɗƂĂB
r^~CEꏏɐێ悷ƈwʓIłBق񑐂̂悤ȗt̖ؗ
Ɍt_܂ǂB
Iȓ̑̑ɗƂmĂB
NX[hpYFXA邢͒PȂǏɂĂ]ɂĂƂ
łB
Ô悤ȐVZpK邱Ƃ͔]hA܂]Nɕۂ̂ɂ
B

330 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/17(y) 12:08:15
UNICORNT̃TCgɂȂ̂ŋĂ܂B̐_lɗ邵܂B
낵˂܂B
LSAoR
This morning after breakfast,I walked to the ferry near Bowness.The ferry
took me across the lake and I walked up the road thruogh the beautiful hills.
After about 20 minutes,I left the road and walked across the wide,green fields.
The air was clean and cool.
At Hill Top the house and its surroundings are kept just as they were when Beatrix
Potter wroteherhistories nearly 100 years ago.Everything I saw,a bush or a tree,
looked just like in her books.When I looked at the house,Tom KItten was walking
out thefront of door.In the gift shop,I bought a Pater Rabbit cup for my sister
and a bag for my mother.Ill send you one of the lovely cards I bought there.I hope
youll like it.
I had shepherds pie for lunchi in a village pub. It was delicious.

331 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/17(y) 21:16:09
L4,P4
After dinner at my hotel,most of the people stayed in the dining room to drink tea.
The atmosphere was warm and friendly.We talked about things suchi as
aeatrix Potter and her stories.hasked the owner of the hotel,"How havePotter'shouse and
the Lake District beenprotected so well for many yeas?"He told me all about the National Trust-
a private organization to protect places of histric interest or natural beauty in Britain.One
thing I found interesting was the Trust's motto,"One pound from a million people rather than a million
pounds from one."He told me that ootter@bought a lot of land and left all of it to the Trust.But she asked
the srust to@keep the land just as it was when she gave it.Potter was a great woman,wasn't she?
Looking forward to seeing you in September,Makoto

332 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/17(y) 21:39:04
NE[fBOLesson1013̓{ĂႢ܂AǂUP肢܂m(_ _)m

333 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/17(y) 22:50:17
>>329
a{ɂǂ肪Ƃ܂iQjII

334 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 02:45:39
CROWN English Series(T)LESSON5̃ZNVPƂQ̖ꂩĂȂł傤H
낵肢܂B

335 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 12:46:13
As many as one thousand years ago in the Southwest, the Hopi and Zuni Indians of North
America were building with adobe - sun - baked brick plastered with mud. Their homes looked
remarkably like modern apartment houses. Some were four stories high and contained quarters
for perhaps a thousand people, along with storerooms for grain and thousand people, along with storerooms for grain and other goods.
These buildings were usually put up against cliffs, both to make construction easier and for defense
against enemies. They were really villages in themselves, as later Spanish explorers must have
realized since they called them ''pueblos,'' which is Spanish for towns.

낵肢v܂B

336 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 12:56:27
>>335̑łB

The people of the pueblos raised what are called ''the three sisters'' - corn, beans, and squash.
They made excellent pottery and wove marvelous baskets, some so fine that they could hold water.
The Southwest has always been a dry country, where water is scarce.
The Hopi and Zumi brought water from streams to their fields and gardens through irrigation ditches.
Water was so important that it played a major role in their religion.
They developed elaborate ceremonies and religious rituals to bring rain.

낵肢v܂B

337 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 14:40:28
>334>>311"ysagezȏaqɁysagez"
׳݇@̖S͂Ă܂B

338 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 14:42:38
>330
ȞA̓{ElX߂̑D܂ŕ܂BtF[Ō΂nA
uʂēĂ܂B\A͓𗣂ALXƂ쌴
ēn܂BC͐łЂƂĂ܂B
u̒̂̉Ƃ͂܂ɃxAgbNX|b^[SN߂OɎ̌oL
Ƃ̂܂܂łBڂɂԂ؂ȂǂׂĂ̕܂ɔޏ̖{ɂʂɌ
܂BƂɖڂƎqlR̃gƂ̐ʌւoĂƂłB
݂͂₰XŎoiĵ߂Ƀs[^[rbg̃JbvÂ߂ɃobO
܂BŔ킢J[hȂɑ܂BCɓĂƂ
̂łB͂ɑ̋ŗr̃pCHׂ܂BłB

339 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 15:04:03
338
4sځB̌oL

340 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 15:38:54
>>331
zeł̗[HAقƂǂ̐l͂ނ߂ɐHɂƂǂ܂܂Bga
ȕ͋CłB͂Ƃ΃xAgNX|b^[ƕ̂ƂȂǂb܂
B
̓ze̎lɁu|b^[̉ƂƌΐńAǂĒNȂɂ悭ی삳
Ă̂łHvƂ˂܂Bނ̓iVigXgAȂ킿pɂ
jIYR̂ꏊی삷邽߂̖ԒĉĂׂĂbĂ
B
ʔƎv̂́AgXǵul̐l100|h͂ނ100
l̐l|hvƂWłB|b^[̓yn𔃂ÂׂĂ
gXgɎcƂb܂Bޏ́Aynt̂܂܂̏Ԃɂ
Ă悤gXgɗ񂾂̂łB|b^[͈̑ȏłˁB
A㌎ɉ̂y݂ɂĂ܂B

341 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 15:44:19
yntƂ̂܂܂̏ԁyn͊tƂ̂܂܂̏

342 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 16:01:29
>337
邱Ƃł܂B{ɂ肪Ƃ܂B

343 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 16:04:51
bqnvmiTjExercises̉𓚂킩XĂȂłˁH
T̂łA悭킩Ȃ̂ŁEEE

344 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 16:17:24
>340
Ps
ga₩ȕ͋CgƂ͋C

345 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 17:10:46
CROWNULesson8̘aĂB
ꂪڂĂXTCgł\܂̂ŁAX肢܂B

346 F345F2006/06/18() 19:42:35
ǂȂȂłHGG

347 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 22:25:33
vOXU
uTOWARD A NEW WORLD ORDERv

@The world is moving.
And nowhere in the past has there been such an opportunity to move toward a truly democratic, free and human world order.
We are still at the beginning of the road to this goal.
The dangers are great at a time when the demons of nationalism are reviving.
The stability of the international system is being put to the test by the global challenge to mankind's very existence.

AThere are two questions that we must constantly ask ourselves.
Are we assessing the changes in the world correctlyH
And how can we find a common denominator for our assessment, in order to build a coordinated world policyH

Of course, states are structuring their foreign policies on their national interests, including the interests of their own security.

But it must never be forgotten that in conditions of an unprecedentedly high degree of global interdependence, one nation's interests are inevitably balanced with the interests of other nations.

348 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 22:41:41
>>347̑łB

This holds even for the mightiest powers which carry a special responsibility for the preservation of universal peace and security.

ǂȂa낵肢܂BċBC͖\܂B

349 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/18() 23:05:27

ӊBRRWARSOl肪Ƃ܂BAςł傤B
ŜAJȖ󂠂肪Ƃ܂B

350 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 15:20:50
>345>>311̏ɸ׳݇UupĂ܂܂B

351 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 15:21:47
>335
NOA쐼ł͖kAJ̃zsƃYj̃CfBA̓Ah[rAȂ
DׂׂhKŌzĂ܂Bނ̉Ƃ͌̋Zɂ
łBɂ͎lKĂŁA₻̂ق̕î߂̒ɉA
l̐lX̂߂̕Ă̂܂B̌͌ݍƂy
ɂ邽߂ɂGɑ΂ĥ߂ɂɊ񂹂ČĂ܂BXXyCl
uvGuvXyCŒ\ƌĂ񂾂ƂނĂ
Ɛ悤ɁÁijꎩ̂ő̂̂łB
>336
vGu̐lX͂uOovAȂ킿Ƃ낱AAڂ͔|܂
Bނ͗DꂽAf炵҂݂܂Aɂ͂ƂĂڂׂ
ĐĂƂł镨܂B쐼͏ɊnłA
͊󏭂łBzsƃYj͏삩用ɗpHŐ܂B͂ƂĂ

Ə@IV𔭒B܂B*ꕔӖ

352 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 15:51:27
>>351l

󂵂Ē肪Ƃ܂B
ƂĂӂĂ܂B
{ɂ肪Ƃ܂B

353 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 15:56:46
>>347
vOXA댯ȓeڂ悤ɂȂ񂾂ȁB

354 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 16:28:19
۸ڽ6 6Toward a new world order VEɌ
@E͓Ă܂B܂Ŗ{ɖIȁARȁAlԂ炵EɌ
ē悤ȋ@͂ǂɂ܂łBB͂܂̖ړInɌĕn
߂΂łiB͂܂̖ړInւ̓̎n߂ɂ܂jBƂ
݂Ƃ͊댯͋Ȃ̂ƂȂ܂Bۑ̐̈萫͂܂ɐlނ̑
ɑ΂nK͂̓ɂĂ̐^Ă܂Bc

355 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 18:04:11
N܂Ƃ߃TCgƂ悤ȖҎ҂Ȃ̂H

356 F345F2006/06/19() 18:26:00
>>350

Ȃׂ߁io΍GGjɓ\Ăƕ̂łEEEE

䖙܂B

357 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 18:28:12
ł

358 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 18:30:00
>>357
oȂĐlɉt̂͗ǂȂƎvB

359 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 20:01:48
NEqlesson1-P8

The difference between these expressions is interesting in a number of ways,
but the most obvious is that the Japanese does not say very much at all overtly.

󂪂킩܂BǂȂ肢܂

360 F347F2006/06/19() 20:54:35
>>354
a󂠂肪Ƃ܂B܂B
>>347-348̑\܂B낵肢܂B

BNo nation, however powerful, can remove itself from global problems, nor put its trust in the authority of its physical might.

The unrest and the breakout of conflicts indifferent quarters of the globe emphasize only too clearly the importance of the role of the United Nations.

The roots of humanity's troubles lie very deep, and there are no simple prescriptions for over coming them, no matter how brilliant the prescribing doctor is.

CFor all of us, changes lie aheadin consciousness, in relations between people, between nations, and in their attitude toward Nature.

A reassessment of values opened the road for deep transformations in Soviet Russia.

Likewise, in America the values of individualism and exclusivity will demand adjustment on the threshold of the 21st century.

361 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 20:56:31
>>360̑łBŏIłB

At the same time she must preserve those qualities that have made her great: her fidelity to democracy, her love of freedom, her spirit of discovery, her characteristic generosity and readiness to help others.

Every nation, and the most powerful more than others, must make a constructive contribution to the effort of the United Nations to strengthen international law and order and to solve global problems.//

낵肢܂B

362 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 21:03:05
>>336̑łB

The way of life of less-settled groups was simpler and more strongly influenced by nature.
Small tribes such as the Shoshone and Ute wandered the dry and mountainous lands between
the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. They gathered seeds and hunted small animals such as rabbits and snakes.
In the Far North the ancestors of today's Inuit hunted seals, walruses, and the great whales.
They lived right on the frozen seas in shelters called igloos built of blocks of packed snow.
When summer came, they fished for salmon and hunted the lordly caribou.

낵肢v܂B

363 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 21:08:54
>>362̑łꂪŌɂȂ܂B

The Cheyenne, Pawnee, and Sioux tribes, known as the Plains Indians, lived on the
grasslands between the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi River. They hunted bison, commonly called the buffalo.
Its meat was the chief food of these tribes, and its hide was used to make their clothing and the covering of their tents and tipis.

낵肢v܂B

364 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 22:28:10
̘͂̕a󂨊肢܂B

(1) People all over the world worry, and they worry about all sorts of things.

(2) On the one hand, worrying is a rather understandable activity.

After all, it is perfectly natural to be concerned about matters that affect ourselves and our futures.

However, at the same time, there is probably nothing that is more counterproductive than worrying.

Nobody ever accomplished anything by worrying, and worry itself can easily lead to a number of problems, including fatigue, loss of sleep, excess eating, and an overall loss of concentration.

And, of course, as we all know, in extreme cases worrying can even result in serious emotional and physical problems.

365 F364F2006/06/19() 22:30:54
364̑łB

(3) As such, to state the obvious, it would be nice not to worry so much.

But how can people learn to relax and take things in strideH

There probably isn't an easy answer to this question.

However, one good way to approach this problem is to take the problems and concerns that we have and to try to put them into a reasonable perspective.

This is what many experts advise, and indeed when we think carefully about the problems and potential problems that cause us concern and make us lose sleep, we can see that they are, for the most part, both trivial and temporary in nature.

(4) A few years ago, I read something in a book that really made me think.

The author noted that in terms of time, one hundred years really isn't all that long.

However, he went on to point out that all of the problems that we worry about become utterly meaningless after a period of one hundred years.

This may be an obvious point, but thinking in such terms is actually a nice way to gain some perspective.

366 F365F2006/06/19() 22:35:01
>>365̑łB
At the very least, it makes tomorrow's meeting and next week's soccer game seem significantly less important.

(5) It is rather easy to get wrapped up in our problems at school or at the office, and to lose sight of the bigger picture.

But that's why it's so important to take a step back every once in while and to see things from a proper perspective.

Life is relatively short, and we really should learn to worry less and enjoy ourselves as much as we possibly can.//

ǂȂa낵肢܂B

367 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 22:57:10
>>345>356
׳݇U8
Zero Landminesn[t

AJ̃er̃g[Nԑg̎ĩPbcEbhOA͓{̉yƂ̍{
ƘbĂ܂Bނ́u[Eh}CvȂĂ܂B

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ul͂ꂳƈꏏɂ΂̉Ƃɍs񂾁B_̓ʂ߂ƂAN
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ȂB邪ĒƂA悤₭l͂ɉ^΂Ă񂾁Bv
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܂ƌĂ܂Bn͎n܂Ă܂A̍@ւł͂ƂĂ
Ȃɑ̒n邱Ƃ͂ł܂B̐lX菕ׂłB

368 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 22:57:53
<< Lesson8 gZero Landmineh Aa >>
Redglare:n菜߂ɓĂA{Ƃl܂B
ނZero LandmineƂCD܂Bi{̕j
Anɂ̂łH
Sakamoto:݂ȂƓ悤ɁA̖𕷂Ƃ͂܂A
{ɍl悤ɂȂ̂́ANX[ɊւerԑgłB
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ނ͋ƋAn߁A₪Ă͑n߂̂łB
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Ƃ킯ׂƂɂ́ANX͂PXXWN~Gܗւ
΃i[ɑI΂ꂽ̂łB
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Moon:n͎׈łB
ńA푈I㉽NALȏԂŒnɂ܂B
āAm̈Ǝq̈ʂł܂B
nŏl̑́AƎł܂B
cl͂ĂAɂnAʂ̐l𑗂̂łB

369 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 22:58:31
<< Lesson8 gZero Landmineh Ba >>
Sakamoto:́ANXƈꏏɃUr[NɍsA
ނrƑA܂ɂ̏ꏊK悤Ƃ͎vĂ܂łB
NXʂĎ́AńuamȂv̂łA
ǂꂾlX̐ɑQ^Ă邩m܂B
Redglare:̔é̖Aǂ̂炢Ȃ̉yɂȂĂłH
Sakamoto:ɁAnɂďłl鍑
n}܂B؍J{WAA{XjAAASAUr[NȂǁB
͂̍ŕĂ鉹yɋ܂B
C^[lbgŒׁA{ǂ݂܂B
ׂ͂Ăyɂ܂Ƃ߂邱ƂłȂƍlĂ܂B
AǂȂɂȂ^ʖڂł낤ƁA
̐̓킹邱Ƃ͍D܂܂B
Q鑽̃~[WV́A
n菜Ƃ́A͖\͂ŉłƂ
x̍l߂邽߂̑ɂȂƐMĂ܂B

370 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 22:59:05
̖肢܂B

371 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 23:01:42
<< Lesson8 gZero Landmineh Ca >>
Redglare:CDɂḗA
ñLy[ɗ^ĂƕĂ܂B
Sakamoto:łBĎ́A̐lX̎x󂯂Ă܂B
iITLG̉fɕςj
Osa:̒n̈ł菜̂ȂA
͈̖A̑~܂B
ĊmɁẢ^̊gɂĂɑ̖~ł傤B
CD̔グ́A~A
n𐅓cknɖ߂̂ɖ𗧂ł傤B
iWfBEEBAỶfɕςj
Williams:a͐錾ꂽ̂́An͕aF߂܂B
푈IĂAn͐lEĂ܂B
Aߋ\NԈȏA͈Ƃn߁A
āA͂ɂāAn̂ȂE邱Ƃł̂łB
CD𔃂ƂŁAȂω̂߂̔ɂȂ̂łB
Redglare:FBɑ蕨ƂCDPQ܂Bv悪肭悤Ă
B
Sakamoto:肪Ƃ܂BE̎qׂ͎̏ĕKvƂĂ
B
i[bp̉iBq̐Bj
̐bĂ񂾁BƎȂłB
͂R΂BˑRoB
𐔕b͂ȂƂAn̂񂾁B
͎񂾁Bl͂낽Ė̂قɑĂAnɂ񂾁B
̉𕷂llɗĂꂽBl͐Ă񂾁B

AC͕ꂽTCg̖EĂ܂B
ꂽTCg̖͸޸ނΌ܂?

372 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 23:20:54
>>371
ǂ̂悤Ɍqbg܂H
TĂ݂܂Ȃĥ

373 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 23:25:23
݂܂BmȂĐ\ȂłOOĂǂłB

374 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 23:28:33
>>359
u̕\̈Ⴂ͑̓_Ŗʔ̂łAƂ炩ȂƂ́A{̕\
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׏IɏҎɗKv܂B8l̏ҋqƂAނ
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uASłBv
uˁA͓ɃX[vCɓ܂Bv
uA͖ؗƎvBv
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Zl悤ƂĂԂɁA̐lXbn߂܂B
lڂAƂ܂Ȃ̔ԂłBlɁuy܁vƌ܂A
͏\ɌĂȂƊ܂B

375 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/19() 23:44:37
>>373

376 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 00:14:58
>>373

377 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 04:44:52
>>374

378 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:10:35
۸ڽ6
>>354̇@̒B
>݂Ƃ
݂ƂA
>nK͂̓ɂĂ̐^Ă܂B
nK͂̓ɂĎ󂯂Ă܂B
>>347
A
Bɂ͐₦₵Ȃ΂Ȃ̖₢܂BB͐E̕ω𐳂
]Ă̂ł傤H܂B́Aǂ璲a̎ꂽEło
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񍑉Ƃ͍h܂ލvɊÂĊO𐭍gݗĂĂ܂BÔ
قǐE̍X݂ɈˑĂԂł́iÔȂقǐEK
͂ő݈ˑ܂ĂԂł́jA̍Ƃ̗v͑̍Ƃ̗vƕKRIɒ

S̈ێɓʂȐӔC𕉂卑ɂĂ͂܂܂Bc

379 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:11:25
B
ǂȂɋ͂ȍƂłĂA̒nK̖͂邱Ƃin
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pɂĄ҂󂯂Ă܂Blςĕ]ꂽƂŁA\AK͂ȕϖe

I̎n߂ɏC߂ł傤BAJ͓Ɏ̑ɂ͈ێ
Ȃ΂Ȃ܂B͂ƂΖւ̒ARSA̐_A
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IɍvȂ΂܂B2348//
Ӗij
*M҂͉̂lȂǂށB

380 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:12:47
>>362
قǒZȂO[v̐ĺAPł苭R̉e󂯂܂BVVj
⃆[ĝ悤ȏȕ̓bL[RƑm̊Ԃ̊RxnтQ܂Bނ
qW߁AETMwr̂悤ȏ܂Bɖkł́Ã݂CkCbg̑c悪AUVA
ZCEAȃNW܂Bނ͓C̐^ŁAł߂ubNőꂽC
O[ƌĂ΂ƂɏZ݂܂BĂɂȂƁAނ̓TPނAhȃJu[܂B
>>363
CfBAƂĒmVCAA|[j[AX[̓bL[Rƃ~VVbs̊
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̎HłA͈̔ߗނƁAegeBs̃Jo[邽ߎgp܂B

381 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:26:39
>>372
u"Sakamoto""Osa"hahv̎OŸ޸

uLesson8 gZero Landmineh Ca >> Redglare: I understand the money ...Lesson8
gZero Landmineh Ca >> Redglare: I understand the money from the CD is
Redglare:CDɂḗA being given ... Sakamoto:łB Ď
́A̐lX̎x󂯂Ă܂B (Cut to video clip of Osa Yukie) ...
file.gotchan.nobody.jp/english2/Lesson8-4.txt - 4k - ⑫ - LbV - ֘Ay[Wv
ꂪłĂ邩ẼLbVد
lesson84

382 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:29:11
>>370
׳݇U6
Lesson6
VObVABCObVAB

AJpACMXpAChpAđɂ̉pꂪ܂Bǂ
̉p͑̉p肢̂ł傤BɃVK|[ł́u悢pb
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܂B
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B
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A܂Ƃ߂ȂƂ͂܂Bvޏ͌܂BuČ\B炱
fGȒ̂łBvc

383 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:30:07
A
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Ap͒fRAEłƂxzIȑ񌾌łB݁AOܐ疜l̐lX
pꍑƂĘb܂A\lȏ̐lX񌾌ƂďȂƂ͉p
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uB͐E̐lX𗝉ł悤ɁAĐE̐lXɗĂ炦悤ɉp
wł̂łBvVK|[{̂w҂͌܂BuWpb

[Vł܂B܂苳󂯂ȂȂ΁AB̍̔͂
ɂ̓VObVbȂ悤ɂȂAoϓIAЉIɋJ邱ƂɂȂł

p̓C^[lbǵAf≹ýAs@qC̑ĎłB͍
rWlXɕKvłBc

384 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:31:02
B
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΂Ȃ܂BȂƂׂĂȂ荬Ă܂܂Bvc

385 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 07:34:09
C
X~XłɌ悤ɐEɂ͎̑ꌾ͉płƎ咣
݂̌ɗȂlXSl܂B͂Ƃ΃ChƃtBs
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IȂ̂ŌőqɽڂupĂ܂
׳݂̖͂up̂FbNĂqɽڂup̂
ȂׂqɽڂĂ

386 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 08:50:15
>>380lB

}ɖ󂵂ĂϏ܂B
ӊӂłB
ǂ肪Ƃ܂B

387 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 16:49:36
󂹂ȂǂȂ܂m(_ _)m

He was the father of a large family, a leading humanist of his time,
an eminent lawyer who rose to the position of Lord Chancellor(@)
of England. He was a man who was accustomed to seeing both sides of
a question, and to keeping a balance between them, so long as
there was something to be said for either side.

Of course, he recognized the human faults of many representives of the Church,
priests and monks and friars, as they had been recognized before him by such
mediaeval poets as Chaucer and Langland; but they did not lead him to a
rejection of the Church herself.

When he found the Church herself being attacked, he came out strongly in
her defence.

The new insistence on simplicity of worship, on the Bible as the sole rule
of faith, on the importance of translating the Bible into English - these
ideas he saw as subversive of the common good and leading to the overthrow
of law and order in the kingdom. As for the exponents of these ideas,
he saw them as serious young men, like Tyndale and Roper, men of
a single vision. Such men all too easily become fanatics, ready to destroy
whatever stands in the way of their ideas.

When he turn to the writings of William Shakespeare in the subsequent
reign of Queen Elizabeth, we find a certain blurring in the confrontation.

388 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 16:50:42
>>387̑łB

For him, it seems, the drama was a welcome refuge from the real tragedy
of contemporary England; and in his plays he readily turned to distant
lands and remote ages. Yet he speaks, like More in prison, if only
by his silence.

Thus in his sonnets, many of them composed when he was about the age
of thirty, he presents himself as an old man, weary of life in a
harsh world. He thinks of himself as in the late autumn or twilight
of life, and even compares his appearance to that of "bare ruined
choirs, where late the sweet birds sang". For he speaks, not only
for himself, but with all the majesty and melancholy of buried England.

Even while portraying the mistakes and faults of the past, he maintains
the ideal of legitimacy and tradition, and uncovers the hidden evil
of selfish ambition.

He leads us to sympathize with Brutus as an individual, while condemning
his deed as misguided.

but he is too convinced of his own nobility and rightness of judgment,
and so in him (as we say) "pride comes before a fall". Such is the
balanced view of human life that was also the aim of Sir Thomas More
as a Christian humanist, before the lamentable spirit of controversy
and division was introduced into the body of Christendom.

ʑĂ܂Bł肢܂B

389 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 18:27:19
>>382-385

390 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 18:51:53
S낵肢܂B

391 F345F2006/06/20() 20:06:03
>>371

ꂽTCg̃LbVłˁH
ł̂LbVȂ̂łEEEGG
XΕꂽTCg̃LbVURLĂ܂񂩁H

392 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 20:19:48
>>378-379
JȘaĂāAӂĂ܂B܂B肪Ƃ܂I

393 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 22:30:44
a󂨊肢܂B

For anyone trying to get in shape and stay healthy a daily does of exercise
and a well-balanced diet are priorities.
But studies show that while we work hard at working out,we don't work hard
enough at getting the proper nutrition.
And for a growing number of Americans,natural supplements are becoming a regular
part of their routine.

The increase in the usage of botanical medicines is very obvious.
And a lot of this is media driven and also the fact that people want to feel self-empowered
and take control of their health.

With wider availability and acceptance of natural supplements many,in the nutraceutical
industry are concerned that there isn't enough information and quality control available
to help consumers make informed choices.

394 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 22:45:11
>>393̑łB
Quality-control issues are critical in the United States.
Quality assurance and production processes,OK,have very weak standards in theUnited States,
and those standards aren't many times adhered to.
So what happens is we have people producing things that really not backing it up with good
clinical testing.

And clinical testing helps ensure accurate labeling for the consumer.
With more than \$33 billion being spent each year on supplements some developers are trying
to improve the manufacturing process.

Once the tablets are manufactured we again analyze it,and we extract the tablet and make sure
that,yes,it has the necessary amount of the particular plant extract.

395 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/20() 23:11:38
>>394̑łB
While recent studies show that approximately 42% of Americans have tried alternative supplements
in the last year alone,many people are still unsure about how to take them.
It's something many in the industry feel could be helped with better regulation.

The reason why there isn't better regulation in the United States is that the FDA's trying to play catch-up,really.
The good manufacturing practices that pertain to herbal medicines really haven't been set forth yet.
They are expecting by 2010 that adverse event monitoring programs will be better,that they'll have good manufacturing
practices set up more,and they'll be enforcing it more.

While most of the world's population has been using nature's pharmacy for centuries many people are just now becoming
acquainted with ancient remedies hoping to improve their modern life-styles.

ł܂łBX肢܂B

396 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 01:35:10
{ɍĂ܂BEEEB}łďłĂ܂CCCB{ɂ݂܂B肢܂B
@In our increasingly global world,it is a great asset to be able to speak more than one language.
The greater your command of languages,the easier it will be for you to compete in the workforce.
Naturally,enlightened schools and parents are anxious that children learn a second language.In Japan,
the U.S. and Britain,for example,schoolchildren are introduced to a second language at around the age of 12.
In multilingual Europe,children begin language programs at an earlier age.In Luxembourg,Norway and Malta,for example,
children start at 6.Many countries in Asia start young,too. Thailand and China introduce English to children at 6 or 7 years old.
Until recently in Japan,only private schools introduced language learning at an elementary level,but now some public
elementary schools are introducing English\as well as Chinese,French,German and Korean\to 7]year]olds.And many ambitious parents
sign their kids up for lessons with a foreign teacher.But Lorrie Peach,an American banker in Japan,questions this approach.
She saw a notice at her local supermarket:gTeacher required to teach English to children age 1 to 5.Dance,sing and tell stories in Englishh
Lorrie finds it hard to believe that nursery-aged children would benefit from these lessons.gI mean,the kids are barely able to speak Japanese at
this age.I can't image that they would be able to deal with a foreign language.h

397 F396F2006/06/21() 01:36:35
APeach is right to worry.If parents are encouraged to expect wonders from their children,
then they may well be disappointed when the kids do not become fluent in a second language.
Learning a new language may be fun,but unless it is the dominant language at school or is consistently reinforced at home,young children will not
necessarily gain any useful second language skills over the long term.
But what is the ideal age for children to start a second language?Eva Schmeisser,a 17]year]old German schoolgirl with English parents,says,
gIt's never too early to start a different language.Children's brains are growing rapidly,and a second language stimulates that development and growth.h
Eva says her high marks at school and excellent vocabulary in both languages are due to the fact that she is bilingual.
BBut not everyone agress.Barry McLaughlin,a California researcher in second language skills and author of Second Language Acquisition in Childhood,
encourages parents and teachers to forget the myths about learning English at an early gimpressionable age.hHe and many academics agree that a child learns quickly
because of social reasons rather than because ofga young,flexible mind.hBarry argues that children who are surrounded by other children speaking a different language are
pressured to learn that language.Adults are rarely thrown into such a monolingual second language environment.
And when they are,they learn just as fast as children.

398 F396F2006/06/21() 01:37:28
ňȏłB肢܂B
CA massive study of European children in 1975 found that children who began learning at 11 did generally better than those who started at a younger age.Firstly,the
younger children used a smaller vocabulary and made shorter sentences than the adolescent learners.
Secondly,the older children were more efficient at learning the second language.
They were able to compare their first and second languages and deduce helpful grammar rules.
Thidly,older students were more easily motivated to learn a new language.This made them successful students.
McLaughlin does concede one important point,however.In general,the younger the learner starts out,the better that person's
pronunciationswill be.This is because language motor skills become less and less flexible as children grow up.
Apart from this factor,it seems preferable to learn a second language from adolescence onwards.

399 F396F2006/06/21() 02:58:41
>>396ǂȂĂ炦܂H{ɍĂāEEB݂܂B

400 F396F2006/06/21() 08:23:03
>>396قƂɂ肢܂BłȂƊwZ܂EEEB

401 F396F2006/06/21() 08:53:00
قƂɋ}ł܂m(_ _)m

402 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 10:06:58
>>396
@
B̂܂܂O[o鐢EɂāAȏ̌b邱Ƃ͈̑ȍ
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403 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 10:07:59
A
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404 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 10:09:36
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ɁAN̎q͑񌾌肤܂oBނ͑ꌾƑ񌾌
r邱ƂłA𗧂@K𓱂oƂłB
OɁAN̐k͐VwԂ̂ɂȒPɂCɂȂBɂ
ނ͐kɂȂB
Ȃ}Nt͈dvȓ_BʂɎ|wK҂̔N
ႯΎႢقǔ͂悭ȂƂƂłB͎qɂꌾ
^Z\̏_ǂǂ񏭂ȂȂĂ炾B
̗vf͕ʂƂđ񌾌͐Nȍ~AwԂ̂D܂悤ɎvB
̂}Ŗ󂵂łǃzXgKŏ߂܂łĻ

405 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 10:11:06
>>364
i1j
E̐lX͐Sz܂Bނ͂邱ƂSz܂B
k͐т̂ƂSzA^I͋ẐƂSzArWlX}͉c⏸i
̂ƂSzA҂͂̂ƂSzAƂ悤ɂǂǂ񑱂܂B
i2j
ASz邱Ƃ͂xAƂȊłB
ǁAgƎB̖ɉe邱ƂɊ֐S̂͂܂RȂƂȂ
łB
ȂAɁA炭Sz邱Ƃقǋtʂ炷̂͂Ȃł傤B
܂ĐSz邱Ƃɂĉ𐬂lȂǂȂASz邱Ƃ͂
ꎩ́AJAsAߐHAIȏW͂̌@܂ޑ̖N܂˂
B
Ă񌾂܂łȂAɒ[ȏꍇɂ͌ʓIɁA[Ȑ_IA̓I
Ȃ܂˂܂Bc

406 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 10:11:53
i3j
Ȃ킯Ȃ̂ŁA͂茾ĐSz͂܂肵Ȃقł傤B
l͂ǂ烊bNXy󂯗ł悤ɂȂ̂ł傤
H
̎ɑ΂Pȓ͑Ȃł傤B
ȂA̖Ɏgނ悢@̈́A̖SzɎK
xȋČĂ݂邱ƂłB
͑̐ƂAhoCX邱ƂłAɁA⎄Bs
sɂ肷\̂𒍈Ӑ[lƁÂقƂǂۂ͂
łAꎞIȂ̂ł邱Ƃ܂B
i4j
NOA͖{Ŏɍl邱Ƃǂ݂܂B
M҂́AԂ̓_猾100N͎ۂ͂Ȃɒ͂ȂƏĂ܂B
ȂAނ͎BSz100Nłׂ͂ĂSɖӖɂ
Ƃ咣ւƑ܂B
͕肫Ƃm܂񂪁Â悤ȓ_l邱Ƃ͉炩
l𓾂邢@Ȃ̂łB
ȂƂ̂悤ɍlƖ̉c◈T̃TbJ[̎͂܂dvƂ͎v
܂B
i5j
wZEł̖ɂƂĂ܂A傫ȏ󋵂̂͂肪ȂƂ
B

l͔rIZAB͖{ɂ܂SzAł邾y߂悤ȂׂłB/

407 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 10:45:11
}ł܂BڊQ܂B
@gMy research into the memory pill,propranolol,suggests that drugs may be able to prevent traumatic memories
from being stored in the brain.hgSpecifically,I am trying to prove that the durg is most effective in preventing
bad memories if it is taken within 48 hours of a traumatic event.hgWe are not performing surgery on the brain,h
says Lemieux.gAll we are doing is helping people to have better control of their memories.Anything that prevents PTSD is a good thingh
AFor years after a carjacking and rape,Kathleen had cold sweats and nightmares.
She often found herself crying at work and was not able to function properly.
Recently Kathleen was knocked down by a motorbike while she was crossing a city road.
Fearful that she would again suffer from PTSD,she volunteered to be part of a study on propranolol.
gThe pill really helped,hsays Kathleen.gI'm nervous when I cross a road,but I can do it.Ilive a normal life.h
ȏłB肢܂B

408 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 18:23:44
>>405-406

409 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 21:34:32
CROWNULesson9ALesson10̘aǂȂX肢܂B
iLbV܂炻URLłSR\܂j

410 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/21() 22:11:52
PRO-VISION LESSON3 P28łB肢܂B@
Claude Shannon showed how small switches could be the gthinking hmachinefs alphabet.
A system swich that was off meant gtrue" and a switch that was on meant gnot true.h
This simple system is called the binary system, and computers still use it today.
John von Neumann added something just as important.
As soon as this was possible, the modern computer was born.

411 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 07:15:39
>387
>ނ͑Ƒ̎łA\q[}jXgłAp̑@̒nʂ܂
߂Ȗ@ƂBނ͂Ηo̗𗝉Aꂩ̑
ɔ񂪂Ȃo̊Ԃ̃oXlB
>Aނ͋\鑽̎ҁAEҁipriestjACmimonkjACm
ifriarsj̐lԂƂĂ̍߂F߂BȑOɃ[T[⃉Oĥ悤Ȓ
̎lB̍߂F߂Ă悤ɁAłBƂĔނ͋̂
ے肷邱Ƃ͂ȂB
>̂̂UꂽƂ́Aނ͔MSɋٌ삵B
>Ђ琒qAM̗B̝|ƂẢpւ̖|dv鋭dȎ
VNƁAނ́A͌Yj󂵉̖@ƒ̕炷
vzƍlB̒񏥎҂ɊւẮAނ̓eB_⃍[p[̂悤Ȃ
̃rW܂߂Ȏ҂Ɣނ͍lB̂悤Ȏ҂͂܂ɂ₷
M҂ƂȂA̎vz̎זɂȂ镨͉łɉ󂵂Ă܂B
>GUxX̎ɃEBAVF[NsA𒲂ׂĂƂA
B͂̑Η//Ζʁiconfrontationjł̂sNȓ_B

412 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 07:18:21
>407
@
LA܂vvm[̎̌́AɂĔ]ɃVbLOȋL~
̂hƂł邩ȂƂĂBu̓IɌƁA
́AVbLOȏoĂ48ԈȓɈނƈLŴɂ
ƂʓIƂƂ͏ؖ悤ƂĂ̂łBv
uB͔]ɊOȎp{Ă킯ł͂܂Bvƃ~[͌BuB͂
lXL悭Rg[ł悤Ɏ菕Ă邾Ȃ̂łBPTSD
h̉ł̂Ȃ̂łBv
A
J[WbNƃCv̌㉽NԂLT͗⊾舫肵B
͂΂ΎdɋŁAƐEʂȂƂB
PTSDēxƂAޏ̓vvm[Ɋւ錤̈ɉ邱Ƃ
u肵Bu̖͖{ɖ𗧂܂BvLT͌Bu͓nƂrNr
N܂Ałn܂Bʂ̐𑗂Ă܂Bv

413 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 07:56:42
̂bNێ悤Ƃ҂͒NłX̉^ƃoX̎ꂽH͗D掖
łB
ɂAB͑̂b邱Ƃɂ͈ꐶł邪AK؂ȉh{ۂ邱
ɂ͂܂ꐶł͂ȂƂ炩ɂȂĂB
Ă܂܂̃AJlɂƂāAVR̉h{⏕Hi͔ނ̂̓ۂ
ȂĂĂB

414 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 09:21:57
ǂȂ>>387-388肢܂<(_ _)>
ƂŔ\̂łB

415 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 09:28:05
>>411

łčXV̂킷Ă܂(^_^;)

416 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 18:09:08
mĂ炨肢܂B

417 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 19:46:34
>388
>Âꂩ̑ɔ񂪂Ȃ聨oɌH

>388
>ނɂƂČ́Ảp̖{̔ߌ̂肪BƂƌAނ͌
ł͂ɉ⎞Ɏ|BÃÂ悤ɒقɂĂ
ƂĂAނׂ͂i?j
̂悤Ƀ\lbgɂāȂ͔ނ30΂炢̂Ƃɏꂽ̂Aނ
Ԃɂ񂴂肵ЂƂ̘VlƂēoꂷBނ͎l̔ӏH[
ɂ邩̂悤ɌȂA̗epubare ruined choirsłlate 킢
v̂ɂȂ炦BƂ̂ނ͎łȂAYꋎ
p̈Ќ∣Dׂ̂ĂƘbĂłB
>ߋ̉߂߂ʂĂԂłAނ͐ێAȓIȖ]̉B
ꂽ\ĂB
>ނ̓u[^X̍sׂ蓱ꂽ̂ƂĔȂAlƂĂ̔ނɂ
悤BUB
>
Ȃ񂩍sl܂܂Bpꁨ{aXɍēxpup邱Ƃ
߂܂A̕񓚎ґŵŁB

418 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/22() 22:23:46
>>417
ӂł<(_ _)>
{ɂ肪Ƃ܂I

419 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/23() 06:02:48
>388
>417
>ނ͎̋CAR̐Aނ́ijuT؂痎i
ʂڂƗjvƂlɂƂĂmMĂB
̃LXgɘ_ƕsv̒Q킵_ÓAl̂̂悤
ȃoX̎ꂽlς܂Aq[}jXg̃LXgkƂẴg}XA
̖ڕWB/

420 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/23() 14:14:06
Although architecture, movement, ceremonies, and rituals are mentioned in the passage, choice icj best summarizes the general topic of the entire passage.
Lines 4-5 of the passage state that ''These buildings were usually put up against cliffs.''
The pronoun ''They'' refers to buildings. Although the other choices are also plural nouns, '' buildings'' is the logical referent for ''they.''
Because the passage states that the buildings were ''like modern apartment houses'' and that ''some were four stories high...,''it can be inferred that the dwellings were highly advanced.
Corn, beans, and squash are important crops that are mentioned just after the phrase ''the three sisters.''
Clues to the meaning of this word are in the phrase ''dry country'' iline 10 j and ''brought water through irrigation ditches'' iline 11j
In lines 15-16 the Shoshone and Ute are described as less-settled groups. The first paragraph suggests that the Hopi and Zumi lived in permanent homes in villages.
This information is stated in lines 20-21 of the passage.

ȏ̉񓚕ł
낵肢v܂B

421 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/23() 22:30:21
>>393,>>394,>>395
a󂨊肢v܂m(_ _)m

422 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/23() 22:35:19
>>421łB>>413ɂ󂵂ĒĂlłB
>>413񂠂肪Ƃ܂B
cǂȂłǂ̂ŋX肢܂(> <)

423 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/24(y) 05:51:35
Aꂽ̎gpĂ̂͂ƂĂȂƂłB
Ă̂Ƃ͑fBAɉeꂽ̂łA܂AlX\͂𓾂Ď
NǗłƎvĂƂƂłi?jB
VR̉h{⏕HiLp󂯓悤ɂȂAh{⏕HiH
͏҂ɊÂIŝɖ𗧂ƕiǗ\ł͂ȂƌO
ĂB
>394
iǗ̖̓AJł͊@IłB
AJł͕iۏ؂␶YH̊ƂĂs\ŁAȂƂ΂
B\ȗՏɂĕۏ؂ĂȂ̂YꂽǂȂ̂낤
i?jB
܂Տ͏҂̂߂̐mȃxOۏ؂̂ɖ𗧂Bh{⏕Hi
͖N330h₳ĂAHƂJ҂B
x܂𐻑Aēx𕪐́AoAʂ̓̐AGLX܂܂

424 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/24(y) 07:12:43
>335
>{łarchitectureizjAmovementiړjAceremoniesiՓTjAritualsiVj
qׂĂ܂AIiDj{Ŝ̎Ԃ悭v񂵂Ă܂B{4
5sڂł́ǔ͒ʏARɊ񂹂ČĂvƏqׂĂ܂B
㖼uTheyv͌w܂B̑Iłubuildingsvutheyv
̎wΏۂƂĘ_IɐłB
>́ȕWẐ悤łvƂA܂uɂ͎lKĂ̂̂ācv
Ɩ{ɂ̂ŁAZɐiĂ邱Ƃł܂B
Ƃ낱AAڂ͏dvȍŁAuOovƂ̒ɏqׂĂ
܂B
>̌ẗӖm肪́udry countryv(10s)Ɓubrought water through
irrigation ditchesvi11sځjɂ܂B
>1516sڂł͂܂ZȂO[vƂăVVj⃆[gqׂ
܂B
iŃzsYj݂͑̏̌ɏZނƂĂ܂B
̂Ƃ͖{2021ڂɏĂ܂B/

425 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/24(y) 10:47:13
>>423ǂ肪Ƃ܂!!(> <)
>>395cǂȂ肢܂(; ;)

426 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/24(y) 12:35:07
>>410@Tłc

N[hEVḿAǂ̒xȃXCbuvlv}ṼAt@xbgib𐬂́jɂȂ蓾邩B
It̏ԂɂȂĂVXẽXCb́Au^vӖAȈԂ̃XCb́u^łȂiUjvӖB
̒PȃVXéA2i@ƌĂ΂AłRs[^ŎgpĂB
WEtHEmC}́AƓ炢ɏdvȂ̂ǉB
j[}́ARs[^ǂ̂悤ȕ@Ń(L̈)gp邩ɊւACfAĂB(an ideasH@̕ƂԂP)
̃ACfAƂɁÃRs[^܂ꂽ̂B

ŗL͌Ă݂ĂB

427 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/24(y) 12:40:06
݁@ j[}mC}@łB

428 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/24(y) 17:57:50
NE2̃bX4̖󋳂ĂB肢܂II

429 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 00:22:33
WORLD TALK@lesson3łB

The most unique feature of the Internet is its user dependency.
Since it is without shape or form,it can become anything the user makes it-
from a research tool to a source of digital pornography.In order to get anywhere
on the Internet you must choose where you wish to go. There is a wide variety of
information on the Internet-a lot more than one person could ever read. Using
different methods of finding information on the Internet and choosing certain
pathways over others means that you are in control of what you see and hear.
It is for this reason that the Internet has been free from control for so long -
and will remain so as long as its users understand its user-dependent nature.

˂܂

430 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 00:30:55
Q
There has been a lot of talk among politicians as to whether or
not the Internet should be controlled by the government.
At present, the government has not yet done anything.
Because there is a lot of questionable material accessible on the
Internet, however, it is up to the individual to decide whether or
not he or she wants to access it. One can easily avoid the questionable
material:just dont look for it. Information is not going to just appear
on your screen without you making a great effort to look for it.

431 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 03:01:31
>>409

}AlłI

432 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 04:35:38
>395
ߔN̒ɂăAJl̂悻42p[ZgNőւ̉h{⏕Hi
A̐lX͂܂̐ێ̎dɕsĂBH̑̐l
͂悢KɂĔ邱ƂƊĂB
AJł͋Kقǂ悭ȂR͕ĐHiiǂ{ɊԂ}Ă
łiAJŋKقǂ肵ĂȂ炱ĐHiiǂ
Ԃ}Ă?jB
Ɋ֘A鐶Y̓KiiiǗj͂܂^ɂ͖
ĂȂB
2010N܂łɁALQۂ̊ĎvO悭Ȃ邱ƁAKɒ
߂邱ƁAĂꂪɋĂƂ҂ĂB
ÊقƂǂ̐lIɂ킽ēVR̐𗘗pĂA̐l͌
̐lPƎvAÂ炠鎡Ö@mn߂ƂłB

433 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 07:44:00
>429
C^[lbg̈ԃj[Nȓ͗pҎƂƂłB
͌Ȃ̂ŁAT[c[ijfW^|mɂ܂ŗp
ҎŉɂłȂ肤BC^[lbĝǂւǂ蒅ɂ́Aǂɍs
̂I΂Ȃ΂ȂȂBC^[lbgɂ͑푽lȏ񂪂A͈l
̐lԂǂ߂͂邩ɑʂłil̐lԂł͂ƂĂǂ݂ȂقǑjB
C^[lbg̏lXȕ@pÂ̂ɗD悵ē̌o
HI񂾂肷邱Ƃ́A蕷肷邩͎ǗĂƂƂ
ӖBC^[lbgNɂ킽ēĂȂƁAėp҂
̗pҎƂ𗝉邩肻̂܂܂ł낤Ƃ́A̗RɂB
>430
C^[lbg{ɂēׂǂɂĂ͐Ƃ̊Ԃł낢
ƘbĂB
̂ƂA{͉ĂȂBȂAC^[lbgł͑̂
킵p\AɃANZX邩ǂ߂͖̂{lłB
l͊ȒPɂ킵邱ƂłBTȂ΂悢B́A
Ȃ傢ɓw͂ĂTƂȂɂ́AʂɌ邱Ƃ͂Ȃ낤B

434 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 07:45:13
׳R̃bXH

435 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 11:02:53
>>420낵΂肢܂B

436 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 12:34:51
>>432
{ɂǂ肪Ƃ܂!!(> <)

437 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 12:53:53
>>420
̐߂ł́AzA^AJAVɂĂĂ邪AIc
ߑŜ̎ʂƂ悭Z߂ĂB
߂̂SsڂTsڂɂāǔzQ͑̏ꍇݕǂɑΌ
ɂȂĂBvƋLqĂB
uނvƂ㖼́uzQv\ĂB̂ق̑I
ł邪AuzQv͘_IɁuނv̎ŵB
̐߂Quߑ̏WẐ悤Ȃ́vŁû̂
͎lK..vƂ̂ŁAZ͔ɐiIȂ̂Ɛł
킯łB
gERVA哤AăJ{͎v앨ŁÁuOov̌
̌ɋLqĂB
̌b̈Ӗ̌ƂȂ̂́uni\sځjvƁuaɂ
_Ɨp̓iPPsځjvƂɂB
PTsڂPUsڂł́AVV[lƃE[eقǊmĂȂ
WcƂċLqĂBŏ̒íAzsƃY~̍PvIȉ
ɏZłƂB̏́A߂̂QOsQPsڂɂċLq
ĂB

438 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 12:54:04
>>431
œĂlɂȂ̂ŁEEE
łULẐYĂ͎̂ӂ܂ˁB

ςNELesson9-10̓LbVƂcĂȂł傤EEEH
o΍܂łɂ肢łEEEorz

439 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 13:25:50
CROWN̘aTCgĂRL񂾂ˁEEE
܂̂Q͕ǁAT΂Ƃ邩Ȃ

440 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 13:27:47

441 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 13:57:44
>>437
ĒӂĂ܂B

442 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 16:07:10

443 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 16:13:37
>440
>>292-294

A
>ȂƂȂɕXɂ͂܂荞񂾗tc
ȂƂȂɕXɎcꂽtc
ŃFbNaqɂɂp܂

444 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 16:38:40
>442׳ذިݸނLesson10ȊOꂩ炤pĂ܂B
*̖łBƂŃFbNĘaqɂɂp܂B

445 F׳݇U9F2006/06/25() 16:40:04
<< Lesson9 gWhy Symmetry?h @a >>
Fɂ͉̋͌nAꂼɉ̐BFɂ͂ǂɐ邩ȂB
znɂ̐邩ǂ͒Nۂ͂킩ȂB
́Aΐɐ̂mȂ̂B
̐ŐiĂAނ͎mĂ鐶Ƌʂ͂̂낤H
mȂƂ͂킩ȂA߂Ċ邱Ƃ͏oB
nł́A͋Ώ̂n܂āA̕ɐiłB
~Ώ̘̂fEƁAEΏ̂̓EB
ǂȘfł̐̐i悤ȃp^[ǂ邾낤ƍlARB
CYnIȒPזÉARɋ̌ĂB
C̒◤̏ɗƁA㉺̍oĂB
t[͏̒[Ƃ͖炩ɈقȂB
AO⍶ËႢ炷̂
CCɂ͂ȂB
A~Ώ̂ɂȂ̗̂͂RȂ̂B
<< Lesson9 gWhy Symmetry?h Aa >>
̌Ԃ͂ǂ낤HC\MNlĂ݂悤B
C\MN͂ȂɂɂĂāA͂œ邱Ƃ͂łȂB
C\MN͕ʁA~Ώ̂ɂȂĂB
NQ̂悤ȓ̒x悤ȑΏ̂ɂȂĂB
̓͊CɕĂACɂ肵āAȕ瓙H댯B
킪A΂₭\͂𓾂ƈႢ͓̑OƌŐ܂ĂB
C̒ł́A\͂̂铮́AHT̂ɔɗLłB
㕔ɂSɂقɂ͌ʓIłB
ڂ͑OA̋߂ɂقLłB
ڂ㕔ɂƁA͂ǂɍsƂĂ̂ȂB
vɁA̒jƂPȎAỉߒŁA
̑Oƌ㕔̍邱ƂɂȂ̂Bc

446 F׳݇U9aTCg̖F2006/06/25() 16:42:34
Ɓ͘aTCg̃cEĂł
<< Lesson9 gWhy Symmetry?h Ba >>
ɏd͂A̓悤ȏ㉺̈ႢNB
ł́AE͂ǂ낤H
ËႢdvɂ̂͊C̒ɂ͂ȂƂƂ͂킩邾낤B
͑ÖႢ𓾂BȂȂ炻͐iޕƗł邩炾B
͂܂㉺̈ႢB
̂قɉjł΁ACʂɒBB
̂قɉjł΁ACɒBB
AEɋȂǂȈႢ܂̂낤HȂB
ɋȂΊCA͉EɋȂΌCƓȂ̂B
d͂͂邪AɈɍp͂͂ȂB
qڂ̂悤ȓȆœ悤ɔBł̂́ARɂ̂B
<< Lesson9 gWhy Symmetry?h Ca >>
̌[l邱Ƃ͉\낤H
̘fɓƂA͒n̓ƋʂĂƂ͂̂낤H
̓̓CGXB̘f̌ƂȂCj́Aƃqœ낤B
̘f̋Ԑ́Agē낤B
ł́A͑œ낤B
ƊȒPȕ@͂Ȃ낤H
ԗւzł邩ȂA͐iɂ͓낤B
̘f̐An̐lނ̂悤ɒm\𔭒BĂƂA̐͐lԂƓ悤ȓ͂Ă邾낤B
ڂ⎨A@ȂǂグAƂȗRB
r̐ɎwƂ̖炩ȗLB
ی̂߂ɁA]͍dꕨɓĂĒnʂȂׂKvB
Ȍڂ̐A̘f́AC̒◤ɏZłƂƂL蓾̂B

ȂȂPɁA͍̐EΏ̂̑̂Ă邽߂B

aTCg聖

447 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 16:48:54
*̂قǂŘaqɽڂɂp܂
*׳݇U10͂܂ł
Ԃ΂ł̒ɂp

*׳ذިݸނ̓bX10ȊOpĂ܂

448 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 16:54:37
̖łBƂŃFbNĘaqɂɂp
׳R.1
Lesson1
Saying the Same Thing in Different WaysƂ̕ʂȌ

͌bƕ@̓_łłȂA܂lCeBuXs[J[dvƍl
ނƂ_łقȂĂ܂BWEnCYɂƁAp̘bƓ{
b́A肪mɈӖ\悤ɂ邽߂ɂ͉܂܂Ȃ΂
Ȃ̂ɊւĈقȂlĂ܂B

ŋ߁A͓{l̗FlƃT[Xs̕ցis@jɏ܂Bq
B1l1lɎ₷鎞ǂقǗeՂɓ{Ɖpg邩̂
[ƂłBޏ͗FlɁu͂łHvƌAꂩ玄ɂ
uWould you like some tea?vƌ܂B
B܂łԁAq斱͎BLׂpz܂Bɋ߂
Aޏ͎B̗pɋLǂɂĂ܂Bޏ͎
uHave you filled out the form yet?iȂ͂pɋL܂jvƌ܂B
ޏ͗FlɁu낵łHvƌ܂B
̕\̈Ⴂ͑̓_Ŗʔ̂łAƂ炩ȂƂ́A{̕\
͉ɌƂĂقǖɂ͌ȂƂłBǂۂɓ
̓_猩ƁA{̕\͉p̕\Ɠ炢\LłBc

449 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 16:56:20

׏IɏҎɗKv܂B8l̏ҋqƂAނ
͂ꂼꉽ̂悤ȂƂ܂B
uASłBv
uˁA͓ɃX[vCɓ܂Bv
uA͖ؗƎvBv
uAȂC͍܂ŐHׂƂȂBv
uɋBv
uC͂ǂŎɓꂽ̂łHƂĂBv
uP[L͂ō̂łHƂĂf炵łBv
ũR[q[͐\ȂˁBv
ɂ̏Ԃł҂肱̒ʂɂ̌t8lgȂ1肻
łA؂Ȃ̂́AlXNɉpŗ[ĤɊel̐lƂ
Ƃ邱ƂdvƌƂłB
{ŏ߂đ傫ȗ[HɏoȂA͐lX̐Hɑ΂т̕\̎d
ɃVbN󂯂ƂoĂ܂BuhgƂĂǂvǂ̂悤Ɍ
Zl悤ƂĂԂɁA̐lXbn߂܂B
lڂAƂ܂Ȃ̔ԂłBlɁuy܁vƌ܂A
͏\ɌĂȂƊ܂Bc

450 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 16:59:29

߂鎞Aʂ́u肢܂Bvƌŏ\łBAtBXɎ
nAũtBĂBvƌƂ\łAs̓Xɂ
nƂɁû̌ɐU荞łBvƌƂ\łB
AقƂǂ̎APɁu肢܂Bvƌ܂Bc
̗͓{Ɖp̎vȈႢw܂ÄႢ͂2̌
wK҂SɏK̂ɓ̂Ȃ̂łBقƂǂǂȏ󋵂ł{
Ɖp̊Ԃɒ^邱Ƃ͉\łA̖͕KK؂ƌ킯
͂܂Bp̘b͌t̓eɏڍׂɏqׂX܂AA
{̘b͌t̓e܂ɏqׂXƌ邩܂B
ɂ͓{̘b͘bɏ󋵂ɏœ_𓖂āAp̘b͐lXɏœ_
Ă̂Ǝ咣l܂BႦ΁AȂ̎ԂĂ邱Ƃ鎞A
pł̂ƂʓIȓ́uI have a carvƌƂłB{ł́Au͎
Ă܂BvƌƂ\ł邯ǂAuԂ܂Bvƌ
ʓIłBp̘b͐ly邱ƂKvƂ܂AA{ł
l͌yȂD܂̂łBc

451 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:00:27
ɓl̗Ⴊ܂Bpł́AȂ͕vɁuMy mother called today.(A̕
db܂B)vƘb܂Bł͕̎́uMy mother(̕)vłB
{l̍ȂvɂƓbZ[WƎvAޏ͏\u
Aiꂩjdb̂Bvƌ܂B͕̏K͂qׂ
Kv͖Ƃ߂Ɏ́uꂩvۃJbRij̒ɓ܂B
i=ꂩj͂qׂꂽƂĂAuv͕̎ł͂܂B
Ř_ĂƂv񂷂ƁAp̘bƓ{̘b͓󋵂
\ɂ΂ΈIԂł傤AƂƂłBp̘b͕ʁA
bɏœ_𓖂āA̋̓IȏڍׂƋɏ󋵂\܂A{̘b
͂i=bɏœ_𓖂āA̋̓IȏڍׂƋɏ󋵂\ƁjsKv
ȂƂƌȂ܂B//

452 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:01:41
lesson2
>>289-291
lesson3
>>443

453 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:16:20
׳ذިݸp30.Short story1
The Pillow

y1z
u悵AłvFḿA̋̂Ȃő吺BuiɊv
m̐ɂāAׂɏZޒjɓĂB
u͉łHm̔iH@ɂ̖͂ɂ܂񂪁v
m̊̏ɂ̂́A傫ƂƂAO͂܂B
umɂ͐Q鎞ɓ̂邽߂̂̂A̖Ȃ񂾂vFm
͓AJĒwB
ׂ̒j͂܂܂ƌāAŖڂۂJB
u炷łˁBg΂ƁA񂶂Ȃłv
uA̒xȂAƂ̂B͖ĂԂɕ׋ł
@BȂ̂B̒ɋL^񂪓dgɕϊAĂԂɓ̒ɑ荞
킯v
uȂmɁAƂĂ֗ȋ@BɈႢȂłˁBł́Agĉ̉Ȗڂ
׋ł̂łHv
u͎iAp̕׋ɂgȂBłxǂd˂΁Ał
DȂ̂׋ł悤ɂȂ͂vc

454 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:17:19

u͂IQ鎞ɂ̖gŁAǂȑӂ҂łȖڂKł
łˁvƗׂ̒j͌B
u̒ʂvƔm͓ӂɌBu̐l܂܂A炷Ŋ撣낤
Ƃ͂ȂȂB̖~̂́A^Cv̐lԂB̐l̂
ŁÂv
u{Ɍʂ΁ANł~ł傤v
uAʂ͂͂v
uƂƂ́A܂eXgĂȂłHvƁAׂ̒j͐q˂B
ǔJŖZȁBɂA΂Ȃ񂾁Błl
Ă݂΁A͂łɉpb邵AŎł̓eXgɂȂȂȁvƔ
m͍ŌB
ׂ̒j͐goČBuȂAŎĂ݂ǂłH׋
͌ǁAp͐gɕtłBɃeXgĂv
uł́A肢邱Ƃɂ悤BAȂɑu҂Ƃ͎vȂ
vc

455 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:18:18
uǂ̂炢ԂłHv
u1BꂾԂ΂܂Ȃ(ob)͂v
u킩܂Bǂ肪Ƃ܂v
ׂ̒j͂ꂵɗĖƂɎAB
̖2Aׂ̒j͕sȊāA̖FmɕԂɗB
u̖ƎgĂ̂łApP1o܂łB
߂悳łv
u͕ςȁvFm͖݂̒̂Ȃ猾Buʂɂǂ̏ႵĂ

ڂȂ΁A債ił͂Ȃ̂ȂB
AmقǔMSɎgłiɗȂ㕨Ƃ́A{
ɂȂƂ蓾̂낤H
̌サ΂炭ĔḿAŗׂ̒j̖ɉB
m͖ɐBu͍ŋ߂ǂĂHv
u͂A܂ŌCłBłƕςƂ낪łBp
Q悤ɂȂłBOɂ͂ȂƈxȂ̂ɁBǂ
ł傤B//
ߋڂ聖

456 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:19:34
ߋڂ聖
y2z
uƂƂvFm͏Ȍŋ񂾁BȗȂ锭̊v
ނׂ̐͗̉Ƃ̒jɂB
uȂłHłāHɂ͖Ɍ܂ˁv

uQƂɓ̂镨łBPȂ閍ł͂Ȃ̂łv
m͓Bނ͂ӂJAwB̓obe[Ɠd@iňtB
אl͂ƁAڂB
ułˁBgΑf炵邱ƂoɈႢȂv
u₢AꂾႠ܂B͖ĂԂɊwKo@Ȃ̂
BĂԂɁAɋl߂ꂽdgɕςāA]ɒڑ荞ނłv
u͂΂炵@BɈႢȂBƂŁAǂȂƂwKł̂łv
u͎iȂ̂ŁApꂵwKł܂Bǂ΁AłwK

u͂Iǂȑӂ҂łAĂԂɃRgŉł}X^[
ȂāvƗאl͌B
u̒ʂłvƔm͓ӂɂȂBu̐l͂܂܂w͂Ȃ
ȂĂĂ܂BȐlRقł傤ˁBȐl̂ŁA
ɑɂȂ邱ƂoƂ킯łvc

457 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:21:13
u{ɂ܂ȂA݂Ȃق܂v
uܘ_Ƃv
uāA܂eXgĂȂł?vאl͋^킵ɂB
u܂ŊJɖZĂāA悤₭ł΂Ȃ̂łB͊
ɉpbƂł̂ŁAŃeXg킯ɂ͂Ȃłvm͍

אl͂߂炢Ȃg񂹂ĂBuȂA܂傤B͕׋
łˁAłp͏KBɂ点Ăv
uł傤BȂɂ͂₭ɂȂĂlȂĎvĂ
łv
uǂ̂炢ł傤v
uꃖƌƂł傤BꃖoĂ΁ApꂪɂȂĂ܂v
u肪Ƃv
אl͑тŖĉƂɋAB

uƎgĂAp͂܂ƂoĂȂBMuAbvvu
ȁvƔm͖̒̂Ȃ猾BuĂ͂ȂB
̂낤v
ʂȂ΁A債Ƃ͌ȂBނ񂾘J͖͂ʂ̂낤B
΂炭āAm͒ʂŗאl̖ɉB
uŋ߂͂ǂĂ܂vƁAm͐|B
uCłBłȂƂłBQpŌłB܂͂ȂƖ
̂ɁAǂ̂v//
The Pillow͓Ƃߋڂ聖

458 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:27:45
׳ذިݸ4
Lesson4
Papalagi never have enough time ppM͂ԂȂ

20I̕ςڂɃTA痈cCArƂ̎Ⴂ̋قɃ[
bp𗷍s܂BǂcCAr͐mɎ]܂BƂɖ߂ƂA
ނ͕̐lXɃppM̏KɂĒӂĂт܂B

@ppM͊ۂƏd݂̂鎆Aʕꂽt̂ނ̂DB
Ƃ킯Aނ́AނƂ͂łȂȂɂ̄ԂBނ
ԂɂĂ΂b񂷂B
AppM͎̎ԂɌĖA葽̎Ԃ^ĂȂ
ŁȗȂ鍰vɕBނ̓RRibcp؂ɂ̂Ɠ悤
؂蕪Bꂼɂׂ͂ĖOtĂBƂΕbAAԂƂ

ppM͎Ԃ痧hȊw̌nBjAAĎ̑ŗƂ
܂܂ȂȂqłAԂǂݎ邱Ƃł鏬ĕȊۂ@B^ԁB
BɎԂvƂƑ傫ďd@BāA͏i=Ɓj̒
Ă̂Aԍ̉邳ĂĂ͂邩猩悤
ȂĂ̂BԂ̈ꕔ߂ƁA̋@B͋ѐA̍
̓S̕iɂԂBA[bp̒ɐ⋩̂B
C̎₩܂ƁAppḾuԂȂIvƕB
ƂܐVȎԂĂƂĂ߂ȊBꂪ܂
łȂ̂AaCȂ̂낤Bc

459 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:29:14
DRŎ͂ꂪaCł͂ȂAƌ̂BppM𗁂
ɍsƂDŐ삭ƂȂƂƎvĂƂ悤Bނ
ĂÅ]䖳ɂAuɂ͊yԂȂĖvƍl
BԂ͂ɂAȂ̂ɂǂȂɔނ炪΂ĂԂoƂ͂łȂB
gɖĂ邾Ȃ̂iƂނȊOɂ͒NނɎd

EȂɂ͎ɂ͎ԂSRȂƂppMBނ͖ړIȂA
ǂ֍ssK炷B͂ǂȖɂĂÂłȂaCłBp
pM݂͂Ȃ̎ԋ|ǂɂĂ̂ŁAނ͂̐ɒaĈȗi
͂̈̑Ȃ(=Ƒz)ŏɖڂɂĈȗjAƑz񏸂̂m
mĂBa͂ƂĂdvȂ̂ł̓͐HVsĂj
BNq˂ēꂸɏ΂ĂƂA̐lłƉx
Ƃ낤BuȂ͎̔NmĂȂƂȂBv͔NȂǒmȂ
قƎvB
FԂ\l͂ق̂킸ȂB炭lȂBȂ킯ł
Ƃǂ̐l󒆂ɂقꂽ΂̂悤ɋ삯Ől𑗂̂낤Bނ͂قƂ
݂ȕƂ͉A葬ړł悤ɂȂ邾O̕ւƘrU
̂Bc

460 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:33:51
GxA͎Ԃ\ɂ蕶ȂlԂɉAނ͕nA
Nނhi܁jȂBނ͂ĂɕAڂ͕ÂŘN炩ȏ΂݂
BƁiȂĂ̂q˂ƂjAނ́u͎
ԂǂgĂ̂ȂBnRȂ̂łBvƔ߂ɌB̒j
͎Ԃ͂AǂɕsKłB
HppM͂܂ɂ莞ԂƂ邩玞Ԃ͔ނ炩瓦Ă܂
BԂ̂ƂւƂĂ̂ppM͋ȂBނ͂L΂
ĎԂ̌ǂAԂx񂾂AЂȂڂ肷邱ƂȂB
IEBB͌ĎԂ̂ƂŕƂȂǂȂBB
ԂėƂɂAČǂAăooɂ悤
ȂBB͎ԂɖĂ邵Aȏ̎ԂKvƂ͂ȂBB
킢ȍQijĂӂ߂ppMzĂ˂΂ȂȂB
ɎԂ߂Ă˂΂ȂȂBނ̏ĊۂԂ𑪂@B󂵁A
̏ov܂ł̊Ԃɂ͂ǂȐlԂgȂقǂ̎ԂƂƂ
ɍȂ΂ȂȂB

http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:xZA7IyqK_bYJ:papalagi.atspace.com/englisch/5a.htm+%22The+Papalagi+love+the+round+metal%22&hl=ja&ct=clnk&cd=7
ȏ̕Â炢ӏ͌QƂĂ

461 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 17:40:46
׳ذިݸRR1. p52
All Those Noughts [t
@X͒NłCt悤ȑjB͊ہXׂׂł悭HׂĵꂾB
͌ȕBނdvȐlł邱Ƃ͒NĂB
Ȃ̂ĎꂽBނ͂Ƌ킯ł͂ȂBނ͕n
ƒ̐܂ꂾBނ͋҂ƎvAċׂӂɂȂB20΂
ȂOɂ̓IŎƂcłBނɂ͍E̖B́u
vBڂ́uĐUԂȁBvAX͋ŕsB΂
Γi𔃂@AlŔ肳΂Bނ͌gpAΏAŋ
ȂB
[bq̃zeɂă^NV[ŋɌԁAނ͏ރJo
ĂBlX̏ރJo100hĂƒm͂Ȃ
ƌ낤I100ăhBނ̓hD̑fGȗΐF̂Ƃđ哝̂̊ĜƂv
ׁAẑƂlBɕ񂾃[B1,000,000ăhB[ZI
ނ͏ރJôɂ҂񂹂BÂAXe_̋ɂɓ
BX͂CBc

462 FF2006/06/25() 17:40:49
,eXgOŖ{ɍĂ,,,,ꐶ׋̂Řa󂨊肢܂B,肢łe̍ŏɔԍ肢܂B{ɐӋC݂܂,,,ł{ɍĂ,,,,肢v܂B

v~lXPLESSONRTłB

{ɖf݂܂,,,B肢܂B

463 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 17:45:01
lɖ󂳂āEEEeXg׋ɂȂ̂H

464 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 17:48:36
ȂȂ낤˂
{ɂCȂ玩Ŗ󂵂ĕȂgR炻ׂB

465 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:11:14
>>463
>>464
ӂȏ͊ۊoĕ׋̂łH
Ŗ󂵂Ăv̂B

466 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:12:01
>>465

Ȃ񂾂琬яオȂ񂾂悗

467 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:15:00
>>447
> *׳݇U10͂܂ł
̂ƁH

X[p[}NXgt@[E[u̐ĺA1995N527Anɓ˔@ƂĕςĂ܂܂B
ނ͗nāA񂩂牺Ⴢ̂łB
͔ނ̈̎n܂łB
ނ͌܂B
uȂƂ́Aɂ܂BpjbNɂȂ̂łB̂łAC߂܂B͌ɂ܂ނj܂ܓ]ĂAMɗgꂽ̂悤łBv

ނ͎El܂B
u͗eԂ𕷂ꂽƂA͂lԂł͂Ȃ̂Ɗ܂Bv
ނ̍ȂɓĂāAނ̃xbh̉ɍƂAނ͌B

468 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:15:47
>>447
uĂꂪl̂ȂƂł͂ȂBł܂ׂȂ̂낤Bv

NXgt@[E[uɂƂāAl̒łƂÂԂłB
ނ͖ɖჂĂāA͂ł͕܂B
Ȃlɑ̂ƂŗȂ΂ȂȂ܂B
Aނ͐ӎuĂ܂B
ނ͍AÌ̂߂̂W߂ȂAĂѕĂ܂B
ނ̊͂́AȂƑ炾łȂA
ނɎ莆̐lX痈Ă悤łB
́ANXgt@[E[uɑꂽ̃bZ[WłB

469 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:18:57
>>447
NXgt@[E[uAɂ́B
̓jIrwZ7NłB
ȂɎ莆ƎvĂ܂B
ȂȂ珬AX[p[}͎̃q[[łB
ɂƂāAȂ͂X[p[}ł葱ł傤B
̎莆ȂƂāAق̏łȂ܂炢ƎvĂ܂B
Ȃ͌ւɂׂƂ񂠂܂B
łւׂƂ́Â悤ȎqɂƂłB
Ȃ́AƓlɑ̉S̎qhłLN^[܂B
ȂAX[p[}͂ꂩ牽Nq̃q[[ƂȂł傤B
āA͐΂ɂȂȂ邱Ƃ͂܂B

P[EGQB@
PlbgXNGA@yVojA

470 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:20:08
>>447
[uA̓xgi̎qŁA5΂̍Ⴢɂ܂B
͎Ԉ֎qĂȂ̂ŁAfɉ^łȂ΂Ȃ܂łB
܎̓j[W[hɂāAԈ֎qĂ܂B
ĂѕƂł悤ɂȂƊ҂Ăɗ܂B
č͕ȂƂƂmĂ܂AGRs[^[ÂȂǁA
{ɏɂȂƂo܂B
er̃j[X݂āAȂnƂ𕷂܂B
ċC̓łɎv܂B
̓X[p[}̉f܂B
͂DɂȂ܂B
Ăѕ悤ɂȂ̂Ă܂B

q[CEhDB@
I[Nh@j[W[h

471 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:21:12
>>466

ƁAȂ

472 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:21:59
>>447
eȂNXgt@[ցB
͉NOAȂŏ̃X[p[}̉fBen߂OɁAj[[NłȂƉƂ܂B
ȂƂA̓Kl̃t[̓XœĂ܂B
́uN[NEPgṽKl킹Ă܂B
ƂĂCŗVƂoĂ܂B
āA̎ႢjlC̉fX^[ɂȂƂ͎vĂ܂łB
ȗA͐ÂɊQĂȂ̏oĂ܂B
Ȃ̍őP肢AȂ󂯂邷ׂĂ̈Ɨ݂hƂ؂蔲鏕ƂȂ̂FĂ܂B

GETrWEnj[JbgB
A_X@elV[

473 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:22:35
>>447
eȂ郊[uցBSNOɃJtFłȂƉƂ́A
̂܂ł̐l̒ōłNNƂłB
ӂƎvĂ܂B
Ȃ͒Ԏ̃q[[ł葱AaCz邱ƂĂ܂B
ȂǂȂ悤ɁAo邱Ƃ΂̂łB
a@͒N肽ȂƂ낾Ƃ͎v܂Aقǈ̂ł܂B
A͂QNԕa@ɂ܂B
ǂ߂ȂłBvłāA撣ƂĂB

V[EnYB
GW@CmC

474 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:22:39
̘̕a낵肢܂B

Some people will find the hand of God behind everything that happens.

I visit a woman in the hospital whose car was run into by a drunken driving through a red light.

Her vehicle was totally destroyed, but miraculously she escaped with only a broken ankle.

She looks up me from her hospital bed and says, gNow I know there is a God.
If I could come out of that alive and in one piece, it must be because He is watching over me up there.h

I smile and keep quiet, running the risk of letting her think that I agree with her though I don't exactly.

My mind goes back to a funeral I conducted two weeks earlier, for a young hasband and father who died in a similar drunk-driver collision.

The woman before me may believe that she is alive because God wanted her to survive, and I am not inclined to talk her out of it, but what would she or I say to that other familyH

475 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:24:22
>>473
́AEE\ʂ̎莆̂ق̂킸łB
̓q[[ƂȂjւ̓Ǝx̕\Ȃ̂łB
lX͔ނԈ֎qɏĂĂX[p[}ɂȂ邱Ƃ҂Ă܂A
ނ͂X[p[}Ǝv̂͌Ȃ̂łB

ulX̂Ɏ͍܂BwȂ̓X[p[}B獡X[p[}Bx
C͂Ȃ̂łAނ͎閾ʂĂ邱ƂmȂ̂łBv

ނ͂t܂B
uf̒̃LN^[ƂĐ邱Ƃ́A݂̐lƂĐ邱ƂȒPȂƂłBv
̔ɂ炸ANXgt@[[u͖ւ̊]͎̂ĂĂ܂B
ނ͌܂B
u͌̂ď킯ł͂܂B͎̂łARNȂ̂łBł͂̈Ӗ𗝉@܂BӋ^̂́AГ̌ɂȂ邩ƂƂȂ̂ƊmMĂ܂Bv

476 F׳ذިݸF2006/06/25() 18:26:54
>>467
̸׳݇U10̖
aqɂɁA
Reading1hThe dance of the Chicken feethƓl
uߋڂ聖vƂf肵
pĂċXł傤H
׳݂ذިݸނ𑁂I点̂ŁB

477 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 18:32:48
>>476
łBJl

478 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 19:07:48
>474

ƂĐlׂ͂Ă̏o̔wɐ_̎悤ƂB
͓@́AԐMė^]̎ԂɂԂꂽԂ̏B
ޏ̎Ԃ͊SɉꂽAޏ͊ՓIɓo܂B
ޏ͕a@̃xbh玄グČBuȂ_lĕB
ɐтꂽ炻͐_lVŎĂĂ邩Ȃ́Bv
͏΂݂𕂂זقĂBޏɓӂĂƎv댯ĂA
ɂ͓ӂĂ͂ȂB
͓TԑOɎ莝̂ƂvoĂB悤Ȉ^]̏Փ
Ŏ񂾎Ⴂvƕ̑̂ƂB
̖ڂ̑Ȍ́AĂ̂͐_lт悤]񂾂炾ƐM
̂ȂBł͂Ȃ̂ƐC͂ȂȂAޏ݂
̉ƑɂȂƌ΂̂낤B

479 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 19:11:25
>>478
a󂠂肪Ƃ܂BΉA܂B

480 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 19:55:39
>477

481 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 21:28:04
ǂȂ肢܂I}ł܂GG
v~lXŨp[gR̖󂨊肢܂GG

482 F񂭂Ȃ牡lɂȎJLR傠?F2006/06/25() 22:07:04
͂ƘbꏊȂA폜B
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@byȂ@qR@l@l{B̋󂩂ꕨ
Ȃ݂ȂȂĎ߂Ă񂾁B
>>ǂĂP{oXOVAɍsāA
hCc𕜏K鎞Ԃ肽̂łBABBB
łAbX͉pBBBA
pȂĂ[񂺂CBy΂ȂA

uJsłvČĂ̕āA
u[IH@Js[Iv
đ吺ŋł܂܂BX^bt񂪂݂ȈĂB
>>Ȃ挙
ƂƂŁAbXyȂBĂA
SRłȂB
󂯂ȂŋAĂĂȁB>>炷ȃAz
ς肾ĂȂ񂾁AlbgƕꂽԂ܂B
[ATlAVhAr܂ɂAȂ񂾂[B
݂Ȃ₪Ă̋CÂȂȁ[H

483 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 22:44:22
v~lXŨbXSCp[gR̓rłEEE
ǂȂ{ɂ낵肢܂I

And yet,at the same time,seeing those things empowers me,makesme stronger,
more determined. Because Im black, Im one of them and every time I win
somethingor am honored,it could be an example to some young Aborigines who
might think they have no chance for success in Australian society. I want
them to feel encouraged.
Cathy knew what it meant to be an Aboriginal pepole needed someone to encourage
them to do better. She has visited schools and heard little Aboriginal
children racing around saying,"Im Cathy Freeman." This made them feel six
feet tall and very strog.

ȏȂł̂Ō뎚邩܂G݂܂G

484 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 22:57:02
̖Y܂GGx܂G{ɂ肢܂EEEI
And yet,at the same time,seeing those things empowers me,makesme stronger,
more determined. Because Im black, Im one of them and every time I win
somethingor am honored,it could be an example to some young Aborigines who
might think they have no chance for success in Australian society. I want
them to feel encouraged.
Cathy knew what it meant to be an Aboriginal pepole needed someone to encourage
them to do better. She has visited schools and heard little Aboriginal
children racing around saying,"Im Cathy Freeman." This made them feel six
feet tall and very strog.

485 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/25() 23:54:12
Ryoichiro is hardworking and dose not mind practicing for a long time.
Ken'ichi plays with ingenuity.
He plays better on the stage than during practice.
When he feels good,his playing is very thrilling.
These differences between Ryoichiro and Ken'ichi are reflected in their shamisen sounds.
Each of the brothers want to make his own sounds.
They say,"We are,and will be,rivals in playing the shamisen."

a󂵂Ă܂񂩁B낵肢܂B

486 F׳݇UF2006/06/26() 05:24:39
>483
ݽU4

B
uɂ炸AƂ͂͂莄ɗ͂^A苭A
RƂB͍lŔނ̂̈lȂ̂AA_

B̎{ɂȂ邩ȂBނɌCoė~ƎvBv
LV[͎A{Wj[ł邱ƂǂƂȂ̂ĂBޏ́A
A{Wj[̐lX͒NƂ܂悤ɌCtĂlKvƒm
Bޏ͊wZKAcA{Wj[̎qu{N̓LV[t[h}
vƌȂ삯̂ɂBƔނ͎ZtB[g̔w
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Ƌ}̂Œ邩

487 F׳݇UF2006/06/26() 05:47:47
>ƌȂ삯̂ɂ
Ƌ삯Ȃ猾̂ɂ

488 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 06:11:55
>>486T
{ɂ肪Ƃ܂IIƂĂ܂I

489 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 18:06:25
NEŨbXCa󋳂ĉ(>_<)
{ɍĂ܂(;_;)NĉI肢܂I

490 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 18:20:43
1 What does the passage mainly discuss?
2 According to the passage, the Hopi and Zuni typically built their homes.
3 The word ''They in line 6 refers to
4 It can be inferred from the passage that the dwellings of the Hopi and Zuni were.
5 The author uses the phrase ''the three sisters77 in line 8 to refer to.
6 The word ''scarce'' in line 10 is closest in meaning to.
7 Which of the following is true of the Shoshone and Ute?
8 According to the passage, which of the following tribes lived in the grasslands?
9 Which of the following animals was most important to the Plains Indians?
10 Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a following is NOT mentioned by the author as a dwelling place of early North Americans?
11 The author gives an explanation for all of the following words EXCEPT.
12 The author groups North American Indians according to their.

ȏ̖蕶łA
ǂȂl낵肢v܂B

491 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 20:56:18
Lesson910̖ڂĂꂽA킴킴ǂ肪Ƃ܂I
܂B

492 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 21:51:51
This is an exciting time in the world of computers and information. New things are coming, amd new jobs,
are coming with them.
I hope for great things from the future, but I worry a little, too. Workers will have to learn these new jobs.
Countries will do more business with each other, and this will change the way we feel about other countries.
There will be new problems, but today we can only guess what they will be.
For most people the problem is gWhere will my place be in all this?h They worry about their jobs and their
childrenfs jobs. In fact, some jobs will disappear. But people worried about the same thing when the personal
computer arrived in the workplace, and nothing terrible happened then.
Each time a job disappears, the worker who has that job becomes free to do something new. This means people
do more work, and that is good for everyone. In 1990, more than half the 501 different jobs you could have
were jobs that wereft there in 1940.

493 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 22:27:11
SurfinggĂwZďȂ̂ȁEEEH

494 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/26() 23:52:36
CROWNT@گ݂R|R@Na󂨊肢܂B
ƂAłĂ܂

495 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/27() 00:00:22
ǂȂa󂨊肢܂B
@My own university studies were essentially in literature and philosophy.

I taught philosophy for several years, and then left academic life to devote myself fully to a new career as a writer and newspaper editor.

However, I never lost my enthusiasm for philosophy, and have written about it on several of my books.

Unlike many philosophers, I have always felt a keen interest in the evolution of science.

Hence my satisfaction at having a son in first-rate scientific research, and my disappointment at seeing him suddenly put an end to a career whose beginnings had been mote than promising.

He joined a Buddhist group in Asia and left France.

I do not believe in God and I did not take Buddhism very seriouslynot that I had anything against it.

Its simple and straight approach gives Buddhism a distanctive position among religious doctrines and has earned it the respect of some of the most exacting Western philosophers.

496 F495F2006/06/27() 00:02:52
>>495̂ÂłBōŌłBǂ낵肢܂B

ADespite feeling momentarily upset about his decision, I never quarreled with my son, nor was I ever on bad terms with him.

Over the years, we have continued to see each other as often as the distance permitted.

As early as 1973, I visited him in Darjeeling, India, where he was living with his first spiritual teacher Kangyur Rinpoche, and later on in Bhutan and Nepal.

The only clouds that ever passed over our relationship were those of the Asian monsoon.

As time went on, my son had increasingly frequent opportunities to travel to Europe, on trips that led him to take part in the growing spread of Buddhism in the West.

His role as interpreter for the Dalai Lama, especially after the latter was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, brought him to France even mote often.//

497 F494F2006/06/27() 00:08:36
گ݂R|R@ǂȂ肢܂
You may wonder if all of these inventions have improved our lives.
Actually, progress in technology can have bad effects.

For example, we have to destroy forests in order to produce the paper for the printing press.

498 F494F2006/06/27() 00:14:41
ł
The computer and the Internet have brought us into the Information Age.
However, now our privacy may be in danger because other people have easy access to information about us.

Progress in medicine has enabled us to live longer, but it is not without its dangers.
Accidents in hospitals are reported almost every week.

499 F494F2006/06/27() 00:22:41
Not everyone in the world can enjoy the good effects of inventions.
Good hospital care and easy access to the Internet are enjoyed in the developed world,
while many of the developing countries are falling fuether behind.

We cannot think only about the wonders of technology.
What is important is to keep their dangers under control, and to find ways to share these wonders with all the people of our wold.

500 F׳݇UF2006/06/27() 06:25:08
>>489׳݇T
>>494׳݇U

501 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/27() 06:30:26
>486
>ɂ炸AƂ
ɂ炸AƂ邱Ƃ

502 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/27() 06:36:19
׳݇T̃bX3
>>497-499
>>500̂ƂɖpĂƎv܂

503 F494F2006/06/27() 06:59:50
>500s
>502s
{ɂ肪Ƃ܂!!
܂!!!

504 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/27() 07:11:20
>485
ǈY͗KMSŒԂ̗KȂB
͍I݂ɉtB
ނ͗K̕łɉtB
qƂ͔ނ̉t͂ƂĂIB
ǈYƌ̂̈Ⴂ͎Ỏɕ\ꂽB
Z͂ꂼꎩg̉oB
ނ͌BuĺAỎtł͍ꂩCoBv

>490
1.{͂ɉɂĘ_Ă邩H
2.{ɂƁAzsƃYj͈ʓIɁƂĂB
3.Zsڂ́uTheyv́wĂB
4.{zsƃYj̏ŹłƂłB
5.M҂͔sڂ́uOlovƂgāwĂB
6.uscarcevƂṔɈӖԋ߂B
7.VVjƃ[gɓĂ͂܂͎̂̂ǂꂩB
8.{ɂƁAɏZł͎̂̂̂̕ǂꂩB
9.CfBAɂƂĂƂdvł͎̂ǂꂩB
10.̖kăCfBÂ݂ƂĕM҂yāuȂv͎̂̂ǂꂩB
11.M҂́uvׂ̂Ă̒PĂB
12.M҂͖kăCfBAނ́ɏ]ĕނĂB

505 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/27() 08:33:25
>>504
܂B

506 F495F2006/06/27() 14:37:42
>>495-496
@AAmotemorełB܂łB

507 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/28() 08:10:17
g͑wŊ{IɕwƓNwB͐NԓNwAꂩƂ
āA܂V̕ҏW҂ƂĂ̐VȐEɐO邽ߑwɕʂB
ǂNwւ̔Mӂ͎̂ĂꂸANwɊւ{B
̓Nw҂ƈĎ͉Ȋwi邱Ƃɂ֐SĂB
䂦qꗬ̉Ȋwɂ邱Ƃ̖ƁAo͔ɑOrL]E
ނ}ɏI~łƂւ̗_
ނ̓AWA̕kWcɉtXB
͐_݂̑ȂĐMȂÂƂȂǂ܂^ɍlȂB
΂킯ł͂ȂB
͂̒PŐ^ȋɂM̂ȂœƓȈʒu߂ĂA
Ƃl̐mNw҂̑h𓾂ĂB

508 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/28() 08:45:20
>496
ނ̌fɂ̊ԓhɂ炸A͑qƌăPJɂȂƂ͂
AsɂȂƂȂB
Nɂ킽ċIɋ莄B݂͌ɉB
1973Nɂ͑̓Ch̃_[W̔ނKˁAŔނ͍ŏ̏@̎tł
Kangyur Rinpocheƈꏏɕ炵Ă̂A₪ău[^lp[K˂B
B̊֌Wɂ悬_̓AWÃX[B
Ԃɂꑧq̓[bp֎ɕpɂɗ悤ɂȂA̗Ŕނ͐
mł̍̕L܂Ɉ𔃂ƂƂȂB
ނ̓_C}̒ʖƂĂ̐Ê߁AɌ҂m[xa܂܂ẮA
ɂƂ΂΃tXɍsB

509 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/28() 20:54:19
>>507-508

510 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 17:30:57
London, November 1798
Jenny Tinker is fourteen. She and her father, Sam, work in fourteen. She and her father, Sam, work in Covent Garden market. They sell fruit and vegetables.
The Tinkers get up early every morning and work very hard.
One day after work Jenny sees a man. He is running and he has got a watch in his hand.
'' Here - take this,'' he says, and gives Sam the watch. Five seconds later a lot of angry the watch. Five seconds later a lot of angry people run down the street after Sam.
''There's the thief! He's got my watch - stop him!'' says an old man.
''You're coming with us,'' two policemen say to Sam. They do not listen to Jenny's story.
Jenny does not have a mother or any brothers and sisters. Who can she talk to? She goes to Peter Stone's house. Peter works in the market.
''What's going to happen?'' asks Jenny. Peter looks sad. ''They send thieves to Australia,'' he says. Peter is right.
A week later Jenny watches a big ship - the Black Star - on the River Thames. One of the men on it is her father.
''How can I help him?'' thinks Jenny. Then she sees a pair of trousers thinks Jenny. Then she sees a pair of trousers and a shirt on a line above the street.
''Yes,'' she says. ''That's it !''
Five minutes later she talks to the ship's captain. ''I want a job,'' she says. ''My name's Ned Bell.''
''Well... why not,'' says the captain. ''OK, Ned - you can help the cook.''
For six weeks Jenny works very hard on the Black Star. Then one night she goes to the captain's room. Usually his keys are next to the bed. Tonight they are on the table.
Jenny takes them and goes down to the bottom of the ship. There she finds her father. ''Jenny!'' he says.
''But how...?'' ''Ssshh - don't ask questions,'' says Jenny. ''Come with me.''

Ő\Ȃ̂łA
ǂȂl낵肢v܂B

511 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 18:09:53
>>510̑ł

Fifteen minutes later the Tinkers are in a small boat. The Black Star is behind them. They can hear nothing but the sea and the wind.
It is a beautiful night and there is a big moon. It shbines on Sam Tinker's thin, tired face. Jenny looks at her father.
''Oh, Dad,'' she says. ''You're free!'' Then she tells him her story.
After three days Sam and Jenny are very hungry and thirsty. Then, after five days Jenny sees a big white bird. It is carrying some grass.
''Look Dad,'' she says. ''Do you think there's an island near here?''
Sam Tinker stands up in the small b oat. He puts one hand across his eyes. ''Yes,Jenny, you're right! I can see it. There is an island!!''
The island is big and has lots of tall, thick trees. First Sam and Jenny look for food and water. They find a small river. The water food and water. They find a small river. The water is cold and clean. They drink and drink and drink.
There are coconuts on the island, too. The Tinkers know coconuts from Covent Garden market. Sam opens two of them and gives the first one to Jenny.
That night Sam and Jenny sleep on the beach. They are very tired. In the morning they start to make a small house with grass and wood. They work very hard.
After four days they finish. Then Sam makes a flag with his shirt and puts it on the roof. He and Jenny look up at the flag. ''This is 'Tinkers Island' now,'' Sam says.
''It's our new home and we're going to be happy here.''
Sam and Jenny are very happy for the first year. Every day they work, talk, eat and swim. They like their new home. It is quiet and beautiful.
Then one day something happens. It is early in the morning. Jenny is fishing. Sam is looking for coconuts.
He does not see a long, thick snake on the ground. He puts his foot on the snake and it bites him.

Ő\Ȃ̂łA
ǂȂl낵肢v܂B

512 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 18:28:17
>>511̑ł

Two hours later Jenny finds her father on the ground. He cannot walk. She pulls him along the beach to the house. After that there is nothing she can do.
Then Sam opens his eyes. ''Jenny?'' he asks. ''Jenny - is that you?''
After ten days Sam is well again, but not very strong. He sleeps a lot and Jenny does all the work. She catches fish, finds coconuts, makes fires and cooks.
Then, one morning, she sees something. It is a ship one morning, she sees something. It is a ship and it is she sees something. It is a ship and it is coming to the island. She runs to the house to find her father.
''Dad, Dad!'' she says. ''Come and look!'' Sam walks to the door of the small house. ''Do you think it's the Black Star?'' he asks. ''I don't know,'' Jenny answers.
Sam looks at the ship. He can see three men. They are putting a boat in the three men. They are putting a boat in the water. ''I don't like this,'' he says. ''I don't like this at all.Come on.'' He starts to run and Jenny helps him.
Twenty minutes later the three men are on Tinkers Island.
Sam and Jenny stand behind a big tree and look at them. ''It's OK, Dad,'' says Jenny. ''They're not from the Black Star.''At that moment one of the men turns and says, ''Who's there?'' He has got a gun.
''P-please don't k-kill us,'' says Jenny. The man looks at her and his mouth opens. ''You're English!!'' he says.
That evening one of the men says to the Tinkers, ''Our ship, the Red Rose, is going to America. Come with us. You can start a new life there.''
The next day is January 1st, 1800. Sam and Jenny are on the Red Rose. They are happy, but sad, too.
The island is very small now. ''Goodbye, Tinkers Island,'' they say. ''Goodbye. Goodbye.''

ꂪŌɂȂ܂B
낵肢v܂B

513 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 18:33:53
>>510
h1798N11
WFj[EeBJ[͂PS΁BޏƂ̕T̓RxgEK[f̎sœĂB
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ďŃWFj[͈l̒jBj͑ĂĎɂ͎vĂB
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Ȃʂ𑖂ĂăTǂBuD_邼BvĂ邼A
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uWFj[vƔނ͌BułAǂāEEEvuV[bA₵ȂŁvWFj[͌Auꏏɗāv

514 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 20:56:05
>>513
ĒӊӂłB

515 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 22:18:57
Marianne Moore i1887-1972j once said that her writing could be called poetry only because there was no other name for it.
Indeed her poems appear to be extremely compressed essays that happen be printed in jagged lines on the page.
Her subjects were vareid: animals laborers, artists, and the craft of poetry. From her general reading came quotations that she found striking or insightful.
She included these in her poems,scrupulously enclosed in quotation marks, and sometimes identified in footnotes. Of this practice, she wrote,
''Why the many quotation marks?' I am asked... When a thing has been said I am asked... When a thing has been said so well that it could not be said better,why paraphrase it?
Hence my writing is, if not a cabinet of fossils, my writing is, if not a cabinet of fossils, a kind of collection of flies in amber.''
Close observation and concentration on detail are the methods of her poetry.

ȏ͂̕łǒ󂨊肢܂B{ɐ\ȂłB

516 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/29() 22:31:12
>>515̑

Marianne Moore grew up in Kirkwood, Missouri, near St. Louis. After graduation from Bryn Mawr College in 1909, she taught commercial subjects at the Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Later she became a librarian in New York City.
During the 1920's she was editor of The Dial, an important literary magazine of the period. She lived quietly all her life, mostly in Brooklyn, New York. She spent a lot of time at the Bronx Zoo, fascinated by animals.
Her admiration of the Brooklyn Dodgers - before the team moved to Los Angeles - was widely the team moved to Los Angeles - was widely known.
Her first book of poems was published in London in 1921 by a group of friends associated with the Imagist movement. From that time on her poetry has been read with interest by succeeding generations of poets and readers.
In 1952 she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her Collected Poems. She wrote that she did not write poetry ''for money or fame. To earn a living is needful, but it can be done in routine ways.
One writes because one has a burning desire to objectify what it is indispensable to one's happiness to express...''

ōŌ̕łBŐ\Ȃ̂ł낵肢܂B

517 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/30() 01:42:46
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518 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/30() 06:19:07
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519 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/30() 07:20:14
>>517 >>518

{ɏ܂B

520 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/30() 21:55:20
Ryoko's talent and personable character have attractes countless fans all over
japan.Due to her enormous popularity in japan, ryoko has been futured in many
television commercials and on variety shows.
She lover driving cars and states that a hot japanese bath is her
favorite way to relax after intence judo training.

낵肢܂B

521 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/30() 22:44:34
ǂȂMILESTONEULESSONRƂS̘a󂨊肢܂
jeXgōԓ_Ƃ΂ł@肢܂B

522 F񁗉p׋F2006/06/30() 23:08:33
׋

523 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 00:57:49
NE[fBOLesson1012܂ł̖ĂA肢܂

524 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 06:12:16
>>523
qg:ctrl+F

525 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 07:37:34
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526 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 09:05:28
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527 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 09:34:19
>523
lesson10͂܂ł

528 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 09:36:18
>>520
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529 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 09:37:11
͒NX肢܂

530 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 12:00:09
>>528

531 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/01(y) 12:29:47
>>525l
>>526l

{ɗL܂A܂B

532 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/03() 00:45:36
>>461l
낵΁AAll Those Notes̑܂񂩁H

533 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/03() 21:39:32
󂵂Ƃ̒A킩Ȃ̖Â˂܂<(_ _)>

Thus the unity of the disciples, and of all believers in Christ,
was symbolized from the beginning in terms of a building founded on a rock.
̂悤ɂăLXg̒q₷ׂĂ̐M҂̌́A߂̏
@ĂꂽƂƂŏےꂽB

Subsequently, it was also symbolized by Christ, after his resurrection,
in terms of a flock of sheep under one shepherd, who was again Peter.
To him he said, "Feed my lambs, feed my sheep".
͂Ȃ񂩖󂹂܂ł(LtM)

Then, within the Church as it grew in numbers and spread throughout the
Roman Empire, and even beyond its boundaries, there appeared a further
distinction of "secular(ݑ)" and "religious(C)", or ordinary
Christians living in the world(including ordinary priests) and those who
desired a more perfect way of following Christ. This was the way of monastic
life, or "evangelical perfection", in which individual Christians freely
chose to give up all things, to follow Christ in poverty; to give up married
life with a wife and children, to follow the rule of a spiritual father,
or "abbot", in the place of Christ.
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534 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/03() 21:40:50
>>533̑łBB

Thus already from earliest times we find in the Church the formation of a
hierarchy, or sacred order, with a distinction between clergy(E) and
laity(ʐMk), and among the clergy a further distinction of
"holy orders" or degrees - ascending from deacons and priests to bishop,
and ultimately to the Pope, as successor of Peter and vicar of Christ on earth.
Ăłɏ̎ォ玄͐E҂ƈʐMk̊Ԃ̋ʂƂƂɁA
@鐹EҊKwAȂ킿_ȎЉǨĎ邵A̒ł
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@čŏIIɂ͋c܂łւƂ̂ڂA_ȒnʂK̂ȂʂĎB

It was towards the end of this century that Pope Gregory T, himself
a Benedictine, sent a group of Benedictine monks under Augustine(޽è)
(not the more famous saint who wrote the "Confessions" and other theological
works) to preach the Christian Gospel in England.
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@̐ȈI育łB

At the same time, other monks came from Ireland and spread Christianity
in the North of England, with a more individualistic emphasis; but it was
the Roman way that was eventually accepted at the Council of Whitby
(βްł̋c) in 664.
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w^N\ȖŐ\󂠂܂񂪂낵˂܂B

535 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/04() 16:49:53
>>521
lMILESTONEULESSONRƂS̖قł
N󂵂Ă

536 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/04() 20:00:37
CROWN PLUS English Serise Level3 ƂȏH̘aڂĂƂAǂȂm܂񂩁H

537 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/04() 20:30:33

there's a new theory about how children learn that is becoming popular in classrooms.
What's the main idea of this new theory?
It's that all children are smart, and the job of teachers and parents is to help children find the style of learning that uses their natural intelligence.
According to educator and psychologist Thomas Armstrong, the traditional way of teaching suits some children but not others.
Armstrong says, "We need to recognize that different children learn in different ways, and that all these ways of learning are okay."
Verbal and logic skills, which are so important in traditional teaching methods, are just two of these intelligences.
Armstrong calls these "Word Smart" and "Logic Smart." But he emphasizes that the other intelligences are equally important.
So, the question for teachers and parents is this: How do we match children's leaning styles to what is being taught?
As he pointed out, most teaching today is based on the first type of intelligence called Word Smart, and the second type, Logic Smart.
Children who are word smart learn by listening, reading, speaking and writing.
Parents of these children need only to encourage them to keep up with their assignments.
The other style of traditional teaching, Logic Smart, uses numbers, facts and scientific principles.
Children who are logic smart like to observe and experiment on their own.
They respond well to questions starting with "What if ...."

538 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/04() 20:31:24
>>537̑łB

Thirdly, there are the Picture Smart children.
These children like to visualize in their mind or actually see what they are learning.
For instance, they would learn a lot from a visit to a museum.
Next comes the Music Smart children, the fourth kind of intelligence.
They readily absorb information presented rhythmically, such as the ABC's or multiplication tables.
Fifth are the Body Smart children. Most small children are in this category.
They want to touch and feel things when learning.
Older Body Smart children might learn faster by performing a historical drama, for example.
Following this are People Smart children, the sixth type. They are very sociable.
Group projects, which make children compare notes, discuss and decide, are the best ways for People Smart children to learn.
All children can use each of these learning styles, but they naturally use one or more of their stronger styles.
Also, a child's preferred style of learning can change from year to year.
Knowing which style of learning best suits each child at a particular time can help teachers and parents make learning more fun and rewarding for children.

낵肢܂B

539 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:39:27
searching for the american dreamunit1łB肢܂

The commonly accepted definition of the American dream has as its core
the belief that anyone in America can achieve success with hard work and
ingenuity. Though this idea of open access to opportunity for all members
of society is espoused by many countries around the globe, it is associated
primarily with America because the United States was the first country
to be founded on that concept, with the dream actually codified into a
system of rights and legal protections that allowed ordinary citizens
the opportunity to exploit the country's abundant natural resources.
Conditions during the colonial period created an environment conducive
to this new type of social organization because the population that gathered
in America survived because they had the qualities necessary for this American dream.
A combination of greed and rationality marked the intense colonial effort
that followed the discovery of America by Columbus in 1492. The various
European governments were greedy for money and materials to support their
constant warfare. Meanwhile, new ideas concerning the value of rationality
and equality began to cause people to question the rigid social structure.
Some began to think that they should be able to get more from their lives
than what traditional society allowed. The new rationality stimulated
ambition in people and ignited their own greed; and ambition, with its
These factors of greed and ambition, based upon principles of rationality
and equality, were unleashed in a concentrated form directly into the
American continent with the arrival of the colonists.

540 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:41:19
>>539̑ł

European governments embraced the discovery of America as an opportunity
for extending influence and acquiring wealth. In order to settle and harvest
this vast new territory, they needed to attract independent, hard-working
risk-takers. The people most willing to undertake such a dengerous and
long-term commitment tended to be people unhappy with their current status
in war-ravaged Europe. This would include people enduring severe economic
hardship, people who were being persecuted for political or religious reasons,
and people who viewed America as an opportunity to escape from authority.
In effect, greedy rulers populated the colonies with people either desperate
to advance themselves or naturally inclined towards personal freedom and against authority.
For Europian rulers, sending independent-minded people was a perfect solution
both as a safety valve to maintain social control and as a wealth gathering
operation[at least in the short term. Over the long term though, it succeeded
in gathering together a population of strong-minded, independent, highly motivated,
and resourceful people. This combination of allowance, opportunity, resource, and
resourcefulness unleashed a tremendously productive force that brought America
enough power to enable it to achieve complete independence from European
sovereignty as well as unprecedented material development that added an
even more compelling luster to the dream of success in America.
The Declaration of Independence of 1776, written by Thomas Jefferson,
lays out the philosophical framework of the American Dream in its second
paragraph[a paragraph instilled in all Americans during elementary school:

541 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:42:06
>>540̑ł

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,
that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights,
that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That
to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving
their just powers from the consent of the governed.

542 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:42:40
>>541̑ł

There are several aspects of these two sentences that help to establish
this framework. The first is the idea that all men are created equal.
It is interesting to note that the range of this phrase has shifted considerably
from what the original founders of America assumed to be acceptable.
At first ''all'' was aimed primarily at property owners who had emigrated
from Europe; it did not include slaves, indentured servants, or Indians(or any non-white).
''Men'' was supposedly a general reference to mankind, but in fact women
did not have full voting rights until the twentieth century; thus, originally
only men of property were fully and equally enfranchised.
Equality, too, had a practical relativity within the newly forming society.
There was a natural division between men who had both the knowledge and
the leisure time to shoulder social responsibility and men who spent all
their time in the basic struggle to carve out a place in the ''new'' continent.
Some men, especially those who had already been in America long enough
to establish a secure position, owned their own plantations and were so
successful that they could afford to hire people to do the work. These
were the landed gentry, and since they were free to pursue outside activities
like study, travel, or social service(politics, for example), they assumed
that they had greater responsibility and power within society than the rest.
Though this social stratification seems similar to the British class system,
the situation in America was diffrent because the British people who populated
England. The American landed gentry had an experience that their counterparts
in England did not have: they experienced the satisfaction of social mobility.

543 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:44:03
>>542̑ł

That is, they started at the bottom of society, primitively scrambling
for mere survival and worked themselves to the comfortable pinnacle of
society as rich landowners employing others to do the hard work for them,
but still aware of their own stint at hard work. This enriching experience
gave the Americans a broader sense of social concerns as well as an ingrained
appreciation of the value of social mobility.
Social mobility in itself was not necessarily a new concept, but the huge,
continental scale on which it occurred in American certainly was. And it
provided the primaly motive force for American development. People came
to America generally because they had more hope for improvement[for success[
in America than they did in their ''home'' country. The steady stream of
immigrants entered a continent with a vast wilderness that was open and free.
In this wilderness there was no social status; a person had to create his / her
own space and place. Everything was unfixed[everything was free. Anyone
with courage could create their own landed-gentry status. This very important
distinction is one of the primary sources for the American dream: The future
was no longer pre-ordained at birth, but rather rested within one's own
hands to shape and build.

544 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:44:33
>>543̑ł

In some ways it is the natural inequality of social status coupled with
the acceptability of social mobility that gives free rein to the motive
force of ambition that helps empower American development. The real equality
is supposed to exist in opportunity: everyone ideally has an equal opportunity
to achieve success. This obviously leads to intense competition and stratification
based on measurable results, but even this stratification remains fluid as
winners and losers can move up and down the ladder as events play out.
In this way, the American model finds a way to embrace both equality and
the unavoidable social stratification. In fact, stratification becomes
an important tool for providing motivation and ambition for each individual
embarked upon the practical competition of life.

545 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:45:40
>>544̑ł

Jefferson envisioned a new type of society with the dynamism for development
built right into the people themselves. Thus he proposed in the Declaration
that the individual should be protected from abuse and exploitation by
any tyrannical government. The first step was the claim of basic human
equality, but he added the real dynamism in the next part when he emumerated
in his beautifully crafted logic the fundamental rights that people also
equally shared due to their humanity. The second sentence, in which Jefferson
states that government itself finally rests on the willingness of the people
to accept it, deftly reverses the standard 18th century concept of government
as the imposed will of a hereditary ruler. A government subject to the
popular will was an exciting and energizing prospect for a citizenry primarily
composed of people who had already learnes how to carve a stable and enriching
life out of a wilderness. They ware the perfect group of people[self-selected
by the act of immigration and survival[to attempt such a large-scale experiment
in social organization.

546 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:46:44
>>545̑ł

''Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness'' does not mention anything
individual and how all individuals have the freedom of making their own
decisions about what they do with their life. It is hard to logically
argue against the right to ''Life''(though even the best of governments
seems to waste or destroy lives at times); however, Jefferson's naming
of ''Liberty'' as a natural human right for every individual was another
breathtaking step of popular empowerment that aimed to free the common
man from governmental subjugation. It must have indeed been exhilarating
and inspiring for the early Americans to be granted the possibility of
having the yoke of governmental interference and limitation lifted from their lives.

547 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:47:16
>>546̑ł

Further, to be told they also had the fundamental right to choose to go
after whatever makes them happy instead of working to make some authority
figure happy must have completely changed the way they perceived life itself.
Suddenly they were told that they were free to follow their own dreams,
and that whatever success they had, they could keep for their own pleasure.
It was a total turnabout in which they no longer served a possessive government,
but rather the government served to help them achieve their own interests, and if it
didn't the people were justified in changing it.
The same people who fled the hopelessness of their lives in the kingdoms
of Europe(mostly England) by taking the opportunity afforded them in the
colonization effort, decided to finally take complete control of their
lives. They broke with Mother England, established a new country based
on hard-earned principles promoting individual opportunity, and created
a government subject to themselves to protect opportunity itself as a source
of vital energy. They avoided the danger of simply creating another government
that could someday turn tyrannical by claiming the right of perpetual co-participation
in social governance.
Thus, the American dream rises out of how society chooses to perceive the
equality of man and the rights that this entails. Equality based on individual
opportunity and freedom allows the individual to give his/her imagination
full range to explore, discover, and develop whatever inclination or dream
that individual might have. In a way, one could say that the success of
America as a country stems directly from the millions upon millions of
individual, expansive dreams that it actually consists of, and America
continues to expand its success because it continues to attract and foster dreamers.

548 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 02:48:44
ŏIłB
ł낵肢܂B

549 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 18:49:28
󂨊肢܂II
1.The ferry took me across the lake and I walked up the road though the beautiful hills.
2.After about 20minutes, I left the road and walked@across the wide, green fields.
3.at Hill Top the house and its surroundings are kept just as they were when Beatrix Potter wrote her stories nearly 100 years ago.
4.Everything I saw a bush or a tree, looked just like in her books.
5.I had shepherd's pie for lunch in a village pub.

550 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 18:58:58
He went to Italy two years before to learn all about pizza.
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551 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 19:21:09
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552 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 19:22:45
>>549

553 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/05() 20:03:45
낵肢܂B
PDThe trick of saving money, begun for a purpose,
was carried on after the scheme of going to the city to find Ned Currie had been given up.
QDsometimes on rainy afternoons in the store she got out her bank book and,
letting it lie open before her, spent hours dreaming impossible dreams of saving money
enough so that the interest would support both herself and her future husband.

554 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/06() 09:42:52
>>533-534ǂȂȂ܂(LDMG)

555 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/07() 18:09:24
age

556 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/07() 18:54:35
ȃoJ

557 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/07() 21:47:09
ǂȂ󂨊肢܂B

When I was in fourth grade. I had a paper route. Mrs.Stanley was one of my customers.
She'd watch me coming down her street,and by the time I'd pedaled up to her porch,there'd be a cold Coke waiting. I'd sit and drink while she talked.
Widow Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband.gMr.Stanley and I went grocery shopping this morning,hshe'd say. Thefirst time she said that,soda went up my nose.
That was in the days when Coke going up your nose wasn*t a crime,just a bit uncomfortable.
I told my father how Mrs.Stanley talked as if Mr.Stanley were still alive.Dad said she was probably lonely,and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she*d work it out of her system.
So that's what I did,and it turned out Dad was right . After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery.
Nowadays we*d have sent Mrs.Stanley to a psychiatrist. But what she had back then was a front-porch rocker and her paperboy*s ear.

558 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/07() 21:50:05
>>557ł

I finally quit my paper route and moved on to the more profitable business of lawn mowing. Didn't see the widow Stanley for several years.
Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser. She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking radiant. Four years before, she'd had to bribe her paperboy to have someone to talk with.
Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on.I live in the city now. My front porch is a concrete slab, and my paperboy is a lady named Ednawith three kids.
She asks me how I'm doing. When I don't saygfine,hshe sticks around to hear my problems. She's lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community.
Community isn't so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever folks ask how you*re doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to inquire.

559 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/07() 22:25:38
I

560 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/07() 22:29:03
̖ǂȂ肢܂cB

gA good parenthcan be a confusing phrase. It is almost impossible for one person to be ga good parenthat all stages of a child's life.
Some parents are at their best before their children begin to speak. Others are most successful before their children enter elementary school.
Still others make their finest contribution to older children or teenagers.
Every parent can understand one stage of a child's development better than another. It is a rare person who possesses superior capacities throughout the entire period of a child's growth.
A mother might be ga good parenthfrom her baby's birth until it is three; that is the period when it needs her protection and loving care.
Then the start of her child's independence might upset and alarm her, and she might then become less helpful for a few years.
A father might be awkward and uncomfortable with a younger child, but could turn into a splendid parent when the child is old enough to be taught the skills of cycling, fishing and so on, or to be taken on trips.
Some parents feel easier with boys, and others with girls \\ and then only at certain ages or stages.
It is important for parents to understand and accept their own limitations in these matters, just as they must accept the child's faults of personality and limitations oftalent.
Otherwise, fathers and mothers will feel guilty and blame themselves for weaknesses that may not be their fault.
Much of the guilty experienced by modern parents comes from the mistaken feeling that they ought to be all things at all times to the child, which is clearly absurd.
In past ages, grandparents and uncles and aunts lived with the family, and provided different kinds of support; in our present gnuclearhfamily, too many roles are demanded of the two parents, which they cannot possibly fulfill.

561 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/08(y) 00:01:08
>>550
uނ2NOɁAsUɂĂׂ̂ĂwԂ߂ɁAC^Aɍsv
{ꂨǓKɒ

562 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/08(y) 00:10:56
>>560
>>559
>>558
>>557
󂵂Ă炢sageis炢

563 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/08(y) 00:52:20
̃XsageisƂ͏ĂȂł

564 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/08(y) 01:04:58
>>533
AmjUłÂƂɂ͏ڂȂ̂
"ordinary priest"ȂłB
{ꂬ݂ł߂ȂB

킽uqvł͂ȂugkvƂ

̌A(Ǝv)́ALXgɂāA
l̗r̂Ƃ̈̗řQƂ\ŁA
ނ̕ɏےꂽB
̗rƂ́A܂ĂyełB
ށiyejɔށiLXgj͌B
u̎qr{ȂA̗r{Ȃv

uɁAiĵŐA
[}鍑ɁAɂ̋Ez܂łɍL܂ɂāA
̓ł͍ݑ҂ƏCҁA(or)
ԂŐʂ̃LXgkiʂ̐E҂܂ށj
LXgɏ]A芮ȕ@߂lX̊Ԃ
̋ʂiɁHjꂽBv

"This was the way of monastic. . . "͖󂳂Ȃ̂łӂH

565 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/08(y) 01:53:05
>>534
̂悤ɁAÁAE҂ƈʐMkA
ɐE҂̒łAnɂyǧp҂邢̓LXg̑㗝҂ƂāA
Ղi*2iցAčŏIIɂ͋c܂łւƂ̂ڂ
E*3Ȃ킿K̂ȂʂāA
ɂqGL[AȂ킿EʊK*1̌邱ƂłB

AEOXeBkX*5iwx₻̑̐_wɊւ钘LLȂق̐lł͂Ȃj
̂ƁAxlfBNgCm̈cALXg̕߂ɔĥ́A
̐ȈI荠łB

*1 "order"ŎЂƁAuEAEʊKvƏôŁB
*2 قǁA"priest"𐹐E҂Ɩ󂵂Ă܂̂łA
q̎iՂ̂Ƃłˁc܂B
*3 "holy orders"ʓIȖ󂪕܂B
*4*5 ʓIȂقŖ󂵂܂BJ^x[̃AEOXeBkX̂قłˁB

566 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/08(y) 02:32:31
ɁȀCmAChĂāA
COhkɂāAƓ*1_LXgL߂B
A664ÑzCbgr[̋cɂāA
ŏIIɎꂽ̂̓[}̓TłB

*1 AChCmI/Ǝ̋T炾ĂƂƂł́H

ꂾ󂹂΁AƂ͗j̒mƍD݂̖Ȃ̂ŁA
Ȃǂ܂肨ɗȂƎv̂łA
ŵ߂ɁAǂ̏h肩ĂłB

567 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/09() 05:43:33
In the span of a few decades, mind-body medicine has evolved from heresy into something approaching cliche.
So why is Newsweek devoting this Health for Life report to the mind-body connection? Because the relationship
between emotion and health is turning out to be more interesting, and more important, than most of us could have imagined.
Viewed through the lens of 21st-century science, anxiety, alienation and hopelessness are not just feelings.
Neither are love, serenity and optimism. All are physiological states that affect our health just as clearly as
obesity or physical fitness. And the brain, as the source of such states, offers a potential gateway to countless
other tissues and organs?from the heart and blood vessels to the gut and the immune system.
The challenge is to map the pathways linking mental states to medical ones, and learn how to travel them at will.

낵˂܂

568 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/09() 16:09:22
POLESTERU̖Ă܂HH

569 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/09() 16:59:49
v~lX lesson9part4@p106 1620s

He traveled all over Japan to teach shipbuilding and navigation,translated the U.S. Navigation Science, which he had brought back to japan with him, and wrote A Short Cut of English Conversation,the first English textbook for Japanese learners.

570 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/09() 17:06:32
>>539
AJh[̈ʂɎ󂯓ꂽɂ́AAJɂl͒NłΕׂ
HvŐ߂邱ƂłƂMOSɂBׂĂ̎Љ̍\ւ̋@
ϓƂl͒n̑̍XŐM򂳂Ă邪AƂăAJƌт
ĂBȂȂAJ͂̊TOɊÂĒzꂽŏ̍łA
͎ۂɈʎsɍ̖LxȓVRJ@F߂Ƃі@I
ی̐xɑ̌nꂽB
An̏󋵂͂̐Vނ̎ЉgD𑣂oBAJɏW
lX͂̃AJh[ɕKvȎĂ琶т߂łB
1942ÑRuXɂAJɑAnl̔MSȓw͂×~ƍ̑g
ݍ킹ɂētꂽB[bpe{͐₦ԂȂ푈x邽ߎ
ƕؖ]ĂBAƕƂlςɊւVlɂ
lX͌iȎЉ\ɋ^𓊂n߂BIЉ̕𓾂
ׂƍlln߂B̐V͐lX̖]hA
~hA܂As̎R̕KvÂɊ܂񂾖]͂Ђ]X
Bƕ̌ɊÂĂ×~]ƂvAn
l̓ƋɃAJ嗤ɔZkꂽŒډꂽB

571 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/09() 17:24:49
>>569
Sciencev|󂵁Aē{lwKҌ̏̉pꋳȏłupbւ̋ߓv
LB
*񐧌p@͐p@Ŗ󂵂ĂB

572 F569F2006/07/09() 17:32:52
>>571

573 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/09() 23:45:20
age

574 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/10() 18:17:45
ǂȂNE[fBOLessonX̘amĂ܂񂩁HiAȂ悤獡xup܂j

575 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/10() 22:57:43
ǂȂANEq̂k|W̖Ă邩Ⴂ܂񂩥H

576 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/11() 15:54:49
Z kaĩeLXg

It is useful to distinguish two kinds of vocabulary:recognition and active.
The recognition vocabulary is the total stock of words that a person knows wellenough to
understand them when he meets them in context. He may not be able to define all
these words,and there are many of them that he will never use in his speech or writing,
but if he can interpret them correctly when he meets them in context,they are part of
his recognition vocabulary. The active bocabulary,on the other hand,is the stock of
words that a person actually uses in his own speech or writing. It is,of course, a much
smaller stock - perhaps only a third or quater the size of the recognition vocabulary.

ł΍钆ɒN^m

577 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/12() 07:24:01
>>575
׳݇U
׳Rlesson1lesson12̑S󁫁ij

http://umewakabashi.cocolog-nifty.com/

578 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/12() 21:37:06
>>575
_TCgA肪Ƃ܂I

579 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/12() 22:15:49
ǂȂjR[ŨbX5̑S肢܂

580 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/14() 21:33:49

581 Fpҕ׋F2006/07/16() 11:32:50
}jR[TAUS󂨊肢܂II

582 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/16() 16:59:02
ǂȂANEŨ[fBOuThe Dance of Chicken Feetv̑S󂨊肢܂II

583 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/17() 12:10:15
>>577
d(߄D)߼ٻݸ( ߄D)b

584 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/17() 14:08:58
_惆jR[5A6󗊂݂܂I

585 FF2006/07/19() 17:10:07
After Twenty YearsāAba󂵂ĂB
낵肢܂B

586 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/20() 03:02:44
Doing science

Science never give up searching for truth,since it never claims to have
achieved it.It is civilizing because it puts truth ahead of all else,
including personal interests.these are grand claims,but so is the
enterprise in which scientists share.
How do we encourage the civilizing effects of science? First,we have to
understand science.

Scientia is knowledge.It is only in the popular mind that it is equated
with facts.That is of course flattering,since facts are incontrovertible.
But it is also demeaning.since facts are meaningless.They contain no narrative.

Science,by contrast,is story-telling.This is evident in the way we use our
primary scientific instrument,the eye.The eye searchs for shapes.It searchs for
a beginning,a middle,and an end.

What we see is as a consequence,culuturally conditoned.This is open to misunderstanding.
It might be construed to mean our conclutions are simply a matter of taste,which they are
not.Though we explore in a culuturallu-conditoned way,the reality we sketch is universal.
It is this,as its most besic,that makes science a human pursuit;it acknowledges the
commonality of people's experience.

This in turn,implies a commonality of human worth.If we treasure our own experience and
regard it as real,we must also treasure other people's experience.Reality is no less
precious if it presents itself to someone else.All are discovers,and if we distinghish
any,all suffer.

587 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/20() 03:03:49
>>586̑ł
It is important that we reflect upon our craft,since our understanding of science will
inform public policy towards it-'science policy'as it is called.For example ,
if seeing is a skill,then we should rely on those who have that skill to determine
what scientice we do.

In Canada,we routinely offend against this principle.We have,for example,numerous 'Centres
of Excellence'because we recognize that the skill on which discovery depends is possessed by
a few.But then we proceed in evaluating such centres,to give only a legislated twenty percent
weight to 'excellence'.A preposterous eighty percent is reserved for considerations having to do
with'socio-economic worth'.

Our assessment of socio-ecconomic worth is largely a sahm.We scientists should not lend ourselves to
it - though we routinely do.We should ,instead,insist on applying the criterion of quality.
That this criterion is real,is evidenced by the awesome success of science-peer-reviewed science-in
this century.

Have we failed ,as scientists,to explain science? Seemingly.Have we,too often,kept silent because
we thought it expedient? Undoubtedly.

ȂĂ܂܂AǂȂa낵肢܂B

588 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/20() 20:08:27
ǂȂjR[[fBÕbXR̖̕܂
ĂI肢܂B

589 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/21() 01:04:36
ǂȂ\Ă炦܂ł傤B
낵炨肢܂B

590 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/21() 22:00:50
ȂߑaȁB

591 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/23() 12:09:27
>>595
vOXT
It's pretty late for you to be standing around here.
We keep early hours in this neighborhood, you know.h

Ďn܂ȁH

592 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/23() 12:26:03
AJ[Ԉ
~>>595
Z>>585

593 FZNF2006/07/25() 01:53:48
ǂȂElAwPowwow English courseUxLesson6wUNDER THE ATOMIC CLOUDx̑SĂ̘a󂨊肢łȂł傤H

594 FP@|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 14:47:52
mr,grant is very excited about the house
max,s mother said.
he wants to take one more look before making an offer.
he doesn,t mind that the place is haunted ?Nina asked.
Nonsense,max,s mother said as she was driving the car.
Who told you it,s haunted?
Roy,Max answered. He lives there and says the ghost won,t sell
the mansion.
Max,s mother frowned .Of course Roy says it,s haunted.
When Arnold moved out, Roy and his parents became housekeepers.
They don,t do much housekeeping,but they live there rent-free.
They don,t want to leave the house.

595 F2@|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 14:55:24
As they pulled up to the front, they saw Mr.Grant,a nervous-looking man,
Don,t say anytheing about Roy,s ghost, MaX,s mother said.
Mr.Grant shook hands with Max and Nina. They were all just
about to go inside when a pick-up truck came with a squealing
sound.When it came to a halt,its front tires were on top of a
garden hose.
Roy,s father ,Amos Jordan, hopped out of the truck.
Well, I see you,re back for another look, he said to
George Grant. Hope you got lots of money to fix it up.
And with a nasty laugh, he entered the house.

596 F3@|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 15:03:22
It took the group fifteen minutes to tour all the downstairs rooms.
Most of them were unused,and they saw a lot of cobwebs all around.
They climbed to the top of the staircase and were just starting
down a hallway.Then Mr.Grant screamed.He saw the ghost at the
end of the shadowy hall.It was glowing from the light of a candle
in its hand.Seconds later,the candle blew out and the ghost
I,m sorry, I can,t buy a haunted house.George Grant was shaking.
It isn,t haunted, Max,s mother said.It was one of the Jordan people.
They,re trying to scare you.

597 F4@|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 15:13:19
Amos Jordan and his family were now at the main hallway.I see
you,ve met the ghost.Amos laughed.And don,think it was me.
I was downstairs with my train set.That seemed belibvable.
As they were touring the main floor, theyheard the train whistle.
Nina told Roy about the ghost and asked him.Where have you been
for the past few minutes?
I was watering the garden, Go out and see.The plants are wet.
Roy,s mother, Fanny Jordan, also had an alibi.
I was preparing dinner in the kitchen.Come and check it out.
I know you don,t want to believe it, Mr.Grant,but this house
is haunted.
Max pulled Nina aside and whispered in her ear.
One of them is lying.
I know ,Nina agreed. But which one?

Can you solve the case?

598 F|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 15:14:17
594-597ǂȂ낵˂܂
{ɂ肢܂B

599 F|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 15:46:42
take one more look@@񌩂
make an offer \݂
frowned ܂Ђ߂
rent-free@Ȃ
pull up ԂƂ߂
the front
nervous-looking _o
shake hands with @ƈ肷
a pick-up truck ^gbN
come to a halt Ԃ
for another look 񌩂邽߂
nasty
it took the group fifteen minutes to@̸ٰ߂EÊ15
downstairs K
cobwebs@̑
hallway L

600 F|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 15:51:08
glow@
blow out@(ȂǂŁj
vanish@
train set̗
the main floor@K(rO[_CjO[Ȃǂj
check out@𒲂ׂ
pull aside킫Ɋ񂹂
whisper@₭

601 F|肢܂BF2006/07/25() 15:51:53
599@UOO@͓ʂȒPłB

602 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 17:04:55
A|XgtB̓R}AR[eV}[NȂ
ǂn̕łǂbƂĂÂ炢EEE

603 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 18:26:19
݂܂EEB

604 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 19:24:20
pꁨ{̃X

605 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 19:34:44
>593
Powwow͂̃Xł܂mĂȂ񂶂ȂH
ɉPowwow͌ƂȂ󂵂悤ȂB
fɒ߂邩̖󂵂Ăzô҂񂾂ȁB

606 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 23:04:50
>>594
uOg͉Ƃ̂ƂłƂĂĂvƃ}bNX͌̕A
u̐l͐\oOɂxƂĂ̂v
u̐ĺAɗH삪oĂ\Ȃ́Hvƃj[iB
uoJȂƂvƃ}bNX͉̕^]Ȃ猾B
uNH삪oĂȂɌ́v
uCvƃ}bNX͓BuC͂̉ƂɏZłāA
H삪Ƃ𔄂낤ƂȂ񂾂ČĂv
}bNX͂̕܂Ђ߂Bu񃍃C͗H쉮~ČB
A[mhzACƂ̗eǗlɂȂ́B
̐l͊ǗȂė]肵ȂǁA
ƒȂŏZł̂́BƂoƂ͎v͂Ȃv

607 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 23:06:28
>>595
Ԃ𐳖ʂɎ~߂Aނ͐_oȊOgB
uC̗ĤƂ͉b_A}bNXvƕ͌B
Og̓}bNXƃj[iƈ肵Bނ炪Ƃɓ낤ƂƂA
^gbNL[Ɖ𗧂ĂĂĂBꂪ~A
Õ^C̃z[X̏ɏ肠B
C̃̕AXEV[_gbN~ėB
uւA񂽂͂܂ɖ߂ė񂾂ˁvƔނ̓W[WEOgɌB
u񂽂ɉƂCƂƂǁv
Čȏ΂𕂂ׂĔނ͉ƂɓB

608 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 23:07:39
>>596
ނ炪KSĉ̂ɂPTB͂قƂǂgĂ炸A
ƂɃN̑Bނ͊Ki܂œoL낵ĂB
̂ƂOgѐグBނ͔ÂL̓˂ɗĤB
H͎ɂXČŋPĂBbɘXC͏AH͍Ăшł̒ɏB
uǗH̏oƂ͔ȂvOg͐kĂB
uH쉮~Ȃ񂩂Ȃvƃ}bNX̕ꂪBu̓W[_Ƃ̐lȂ̂B
Ȃ|点悤ƂĂ̂v

609 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/25() 23:08:15
>>597
AXEW[_Ɣނ̉Ƒ͍⃁Cz[ɂB
uȂ͗Hɉ悤łˁBvƃAX͏΂B
uŁA͎ȂĎvȂŉB͖͌^̓dԂƊKɂ܂v
͐M邱Ƃ̂悤ɎvꂽBނ炪CtAĂA
dԂ̉Ă̂Bj[i̓CɗĤƂbĔނɕB
uȂ͂̐Ԃǂɂ́Hv
ul͒ŐTĂBO֍sČĂBAGĂ邩v
ƃC͂ɂ肵ēB
C̃̕t@j[EW[_ɂAoCB
u͑䏊ŗ[H̏ĂBĒׂĂ݂ĂB
Ȃ͐MȂł傤ǁAOgẢƂ͗H삪ôv
}bNX̓j[iTɌĂŎɉ𚑂BulRĂv
u킩Ăvƃj[i͓ӂAułNHv

Ȃ͂̎܂B

610 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/26() 09:14:41
UOU|UOX񂠂肪ƂII
{ɂ肪ƂBӂĂ܂B(܁j

611 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/27() 12:19:03
NEŨ[fBOṔAThe Dance of the Chicken Feet̖ĂII

612 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/27() 15:42:23
ȏȂł
Where did mine go?
VcɏĂ邾Ȃŕ킩̂łc

613 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/27() 20:45:16
uڂ́^î́j͂ǂ֍śHv

614 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/27() 22:10:09
>>611

615 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/31() 14:57:01
jR[ŨbXTNĂII

616 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/31() 15:46:49
>615
http://umewakabashi.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/cat3985205/index.html

617 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/31() 22:52:25
OAӋC
̗ɋC
ɘbĂƎvĂ񂾁H
mʂƂ͌AɂƂ

618 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/31() 23:49:25
݂܂Bȏł͂Ȃ̂ł
ushallow patch of liquidv̈ӖǂȂĂB

619 F񁗉p׋F2006/07/31() 23:59:42
>>618
O̕ƍ킹āAŕȂ
2chpꁨ{ Xbh Part 144

620 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/01() 00:07:01
>>619

̃XŕĂ݂܂B

621 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/01() 00:09:11
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622 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/03() 15:36:16
Because of the castness of the Grand Canyon, it is difficult to capture it in a single photograph.
Speciation, the formation of biological species, results when an animal population becomes isolated by some factor, usually geographic.
In its pure state antimony has no important uses, but when combined physically or chemically with other substances, it is an extremely useful metal.
The dawn redwood appears to have flourished some 100 million years ago in northern forests around the world.
Beginning in the Middle Ages, composers of Western music used a system of notating their compositions so they could be performed by musicians.
Civil Rights are the freedoms and rights a person may have as a member of a community, state, or nation.
Richard Wright enjoyed success and influence unparalleled among Black American writers of his era.
Two species of large mammals once dominated the North American prairies: the American bison and the pronghorn antelope.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first President to understand fully the great force of radio and the opportunity it provided for taking government policies directly to the people.
During the late fifteenth century, only a few of the native societies of America had professions in the fields of arts and crafts.

낵肢v܂B

623 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/04() 06:07:46
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624 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/04() 09:06:43
>>623l

vJɖĒƂĂӊӂłB

625 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/05(y) 14:05:51
A control instance must not be added more than once to the map.

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626 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/05(y) 14:12:58
>>625
uRg[CX^X́Axȏ͒n}ɉĂ͂Ȃ܂v
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627 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/05(y) 14:16:36
>>626
킩܂B
͂njBȏ̓_ĂƂłˁB

628 FF2006/08/06() 17:11:25
jR[ŨbXT_TCgɂĂ炸낢TłȂčĂ܂BꂩĂ܂񂩁H

629 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/06() 18:28:35
>>616 "Life is so good"
ƺ݂ƺ݁B

630 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/06() 19:49:28
The ponderosa pine is the source of most of the timber used by forest-product firms in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Computers that once took up entire rooms are now small enough to put on desktops and into wristwatches.
According to some educators, the goal of teaching is to help students learn what they need to know to live a well-adjusted and successful life.
The sapphire's transparency to ultraviolet and infrared radiation makes it useful in optical instruments.
Most famous scientists achieved initial recognition while still quite young.
Mango trees, which are densely covered with glossy leaves and bear small fragrant flowers, grow rapidly and can attain heights of up to 90 feet.

ǂ낵肢܂B

631 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/06() 23:29:15
An artist who, prolific, the Canadian composer Barbara Pentland wrote four symphonies, three concertos, and an opera, among other works.
The Chisos Mountains in Big Bend National Park in Texas were created by volcanic eruptions that occurred when dinosaurs roamed the area.
In bas-relief sculpture, a design projects very slightly from its background, as on some coins.
Alaska found the first years of its statehood costly because it had to take over the expense of services provided previously by the federal government.
With age, the mineral content of human bones decreases, thereby making them more fragile.
Not until Kentucky's Mammoth Cave had been completely explored in 1972 was its full extent realized.
The first explorer to reach California by land was Jedediah Strong Smith, a trapper who crossed the southwestern deserts of the United States in 1826.
Written to be performed on a stage bare of scenery, Thornton Wilder's play Our Town depicts life in a small New England community.
There are many copper mines in the state of Arizona,a fact which contributes significantly to the state's economy.

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632 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/07() 05:46:01
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633 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/07() 11:13:40
>>632l
f炵ĒƂĂӊӂłB
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634 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/07() 16:39:13
>631
A prolific artist, the Canadian composer Barbara Pentland wrote four symphonies,
three concertos, and an opera, among other works.
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635 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/07() 18:29:37
>>634l

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636 FF2006/08/07() 23:02:33
NE9@̖ǂȂmĂl܂񂩁H

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637 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/08() 11:13:13
>636>>616

638 FF2006/08/09() 20:05:35
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639 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/10() 22:17:45
pꋳȏa

http://umewakabashi.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/

640 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/10() 23:13:01
Dinosaurs are traditionally classified as cold-blooded reptiles, but recent evidence based on eating habits, posture, and skeletal structural suggests some may have been warm-blooded.
Since the Great Depression of the 1930fs, social programs such as Social Security have been built into the economy to help avert severity business declines.
In the 1970fs, consumer activities succeeded in promoting laws that set safety standards for automobiles, childrenfs clothing, and a widely range of household products.
Zoos in New Orleans, San Diego, Detroit, and the Bronx have become biological parks where animals roams free and people watch from across a moat.
In human beings, as in other mammal, hairs around the eyes and ears and in the nose,
Prevent dust, insects, and other matter from entering these organs.
The Rocky Mountains were explored by fur traders during the early 1800fs, in a decades preceding the United States Civil War.
The works of the author Herman Melville are literary creations of a high order, blending fact, fiction, adventure, and subtle symbolic.
Each chemical element is characterized to the number of protons that an atom of that element contains, called its atomic number.
The body structure that developed in birds over millions of years in well designed for flight, being both lightly in weight and remarkably strong.

641 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/10() 23:14:56
From 1905 to 1920, American novelist Edith Wharton was at the height of her writing career, publishing of her three most famous novels.
In the early twentieth century, there was considerable interesting among sociologists in
The fact that in the United States the family was losing its traditional roles.
Although pure diamond is colorless and transparent, when contaminated with other material it may appear in various color, ranging from pastels to opaque black.
Comparative anatomy is concerned to the structural differences among animal forms.
A seismograph records oscillation of the ground caused by seismic waves, vibrations that travel from its point of origin through the Earth or along its surface.
Electric lamps came into widespread use during the early 1900fs and have replaced other type of fat, gas, or oil lamps for almost every purpose.
Located in Canada, the Columbia Icefield covers area of 120 square miles and is 3,300 feet thick in some places.
Composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein U brought to the musical Oklahoma! Extensive musical comedy.
Because of its vast tracts of virtually uninhabited northern forest, Canada has one of the lowest population density in the world.
Rice, which it still forms the staple diet of much of the worldfs population, grows best in hot, wet lands.
Government money appropriated for art in the 1930fs made possible hundreds of murals and statues still admiration in small towns all over the United States.

642 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/10() 23:18:34
>>640>>641
Ŗ{ɐ\󂠂܂񂪁AǂȂl
낵肢v܂B

643 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 07:15:43
>640
EDinosaurs are traditionally classified as cold-blooded reptiles, but recent evidence
based on eating habits, posture, and skeletal structure suggests some may have been
warm-blooded.
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ESince the Great Depression of the 1930fs, social programs such as Social Security have
been built into the economy to help avert severe business declines.
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EIn the 1970fs, consumer activities succeeded in promoting laws that set safety
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EZoos in New Orleans, San Diego, Detroit, and the Bronx have become biological parks
where animals roam freely and people watch from across a moat.
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EIn human beings, as in other mammals, hairs around the eyes and ears and in the
nose, prevent dust, insects, and other matter from entering these organs.
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644 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 07:16:59
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EThe works of the author Herman Melville are literary creations of a high order,
blending fact, fiction, adventure, and subtle symbolism.
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EThe body structure that developed in birds over millions of years in well designed for
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645 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 07:19:42
>641
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career, publishing her three most famous novels.
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EA seismograph records oscillation of the ground caused by seismic waves, vibrations
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EElectric lamps came into widespread use during the early 1900fs and have replaced
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646 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 07:22:32
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647 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 07:24:28
EBecause of its vast tracts of virtually uninhabited northern forest, Canada has one of
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EGovernment money appropriated for art in the 1930fs made possible hundreds of
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648 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 07:26:58
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651 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 13:21:04
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>>644
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652 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 21:24:56
Margaret Mead studied many different cultures, and she was one of the first anthropologists to photograph hers subjects.
Talc, a soft mineral with a variety of uses, sold is in slabs or in powdered form.
During the 1870fs iron workers in Alabama proved they could produce iron by burning iron ore with coke, instead than with charcoal.
Geologists at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory rely on a number of instruments to studying the volcanoes in Hawaii.
Underlying aerodynamics and all other branches of theoretical mechanics are the laws of motion who were developed in the seventeenth century.

653 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 21:26:01
Was opened in 1918, the Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C., was the first museum in the United States devoted to modern art.
A mortgage enables a person to buy property without paying for it outright; thus more people are able to enjoy to own a house.
Alike ethnographers, ethnohistorians make systematic observations, but they also gather data from documentary and oral sources.
Basal body temperature refers to the most lowest temperature of a healthy individual during waking hours.
Research in the United States on acupuncture has focused on it use in pain relief and anesthesia.

654 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 21:27:00
The Moonfs gravitational field cannot keep atmospheric gases from escape into space.
Although the pecan tree is chiefly value for its fruit, its wood is used extensively for flooring, furniture, boxes, and crates.
Born in Texas in 1890, Katherine Anne Porter produced three collection of short stories before publishing her well-known novel ship of Fools in 1962.
Insulation from cold, protect against dust and sand, and camouflage are among the functions of hair for animals.
The notion that students are not sufficiently involved in their education is one reason for the recently surge of support for undergraduate research.

655 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 21:27:53
As secretary of transportation from 1975to 1977, William Coleman worked to help the bankrupt railroads in the northeastern United States solved their financial problems.
Faults in the Earthfs crust are most evidently in sedimentary formations, where they interrupt previously continuous layers.
Many flowering plants benefit of pollination by adult butterflies and moths.
A number of the American Indian languages spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late fifteen century have become extinct.
George Gershwin was an American composer whose concert works joined the sounds of jazz with them of traditional orchestration.

656 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 21:31:42
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657 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 21:34:30
One of the problems of United States agriculture that has persisted during the 1920fs until the present day is the tendency of farm income to lag behind the costs of production.
Volcanism occurs on Earth in several geological setting, most of which are associated with the boundaries of the enormous, rigid plates that make up the lithosphere.
Early European settlers in North America used medicines they made from plants native to treat colds, pneumonia, and ague, an illness similar to malaria.
Some insects bear a remarkable resemblance to dead twigs, being long, slenderness, wingless, and brownish in color.
A food additive is any chemical that food manufacturers intentional add to their products.

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658 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/12(y) 22:04:09
In an age of permissive lad's magazines with their acres of naked flesh,
drunken holiday exhibitionism on sunny beaches, of reality TV upstarts and
pornography downloads, it may seem perverse to focus on the chaste and still exotic use of a veil.

If we are going to draw any lines, perhaps it would make more sense to start with
the blurred one that nowadays does such a poor job of separating the public from the private realm.

ǂĂ킩܂B낵肢܂c

659 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 07:12:27
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>Margaret Mead studied many different cultures, and she was one of the first
anthropologists to photograph her subjects.
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>Talc, a soft mineral with a variety of uses, is sold in slabs or in powdered form.
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During the 1870fs iron workers in Alabama proved they could produce iron by burning
iron ore with coke, other than with charcoal.
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Geologists at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory rely on a number of instruments to
study the volcanoes in Hawaii.
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Underlying aerodynamics and all other branches of theoretical mechanics are the laws
of motion which were developed in the seventeenth century.
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660 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 07:13:15
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Opened in 1918, the Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C., was the first museum in
the United States devoted to modern art.
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A mortgage enables a person to buy property without paying for it outright; thus more
people are able to enjoy owning a house.
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Like ethnographers, ethnohistorians make systematic observations, but they also
gather data from documentary and oral sources.
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Basal body temperature refers to the lowest temperature of a healthy individual during
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Research in the United States on acupuncture has focused on its use in pain relief and
anesthesia.
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661 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 07:14:04
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The Moonfs gravitational field cannot keep atmospheric gases from escaping into space.
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Although the pecan tree is chiefly valued for its fruit, its wood is used extensively for
flooring, furniture, boxes, and crates.
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Born in Texas in 1890, Katherine Anne Porter produced three collections of short stories
before publishing her well-known novel ship of Fools in 1962.
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Insulation from cold, protection against dust and sand, and camouflage are among the
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The notion that students are not sufficiently involved in their education is one reason
for the recent surge of support for undergraduate research.
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662 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 07:15:31
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As secretary of transportation from 1975to 1977, William Coleman worked to help the
bankrupt railroads in the northeastern United States solve their financial problems.
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Faults in the Earthfs crust are most evident in sedimentary formations, where they
interrupt previously continuous layers.
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Many flowering plants benefit from pollination by adult butterflies and moths.
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A number of the American Indian languages spoken at the time of the European arrival
in the New World in the late fifteenth century have become extinct.
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George Gershwin was an American composer whose concert works joined the sounds of
jazz with those of traditional orchestration.
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663 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 07:16:19
21
One of the problems of United States agriculture that has persisted from the 1920fs
until the present day is the tendency of farm income to lag behind the costs of
production.
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Volcanism occurs on Earth in several geological settings, most of which are associated
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Early European settlers in North America used medicines they made from native plants
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Some insects bear a remarkable resemblance to dead twigs, being long, slender,
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A food additive is any chemical that food manufacturers intentionally add to their
products.
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664 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 07:18:24
>>652-657desu

665 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 10:28:05
>>664
ȉaŒނ񂾁EEE

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666 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/13() 12:54:26
>>665>>652-657񂾌͂߂ĂB
>>659-664l
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667 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/15() 00:16:44
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668 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/15() 06:30:29
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669 FF2006/08/15() 12:32:26
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670 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/15() 21:40:27
It is the same with all things. The sheer delight of a child's apperception
is based on wonder;and deny it as we may,knowledge and wonder counteract one another
. So that as Knowledge increases wonder decreases. We say again: Familiary breeds contempt.
So that as we grow older, and become more familiar with phenomena, we become more contemptuous of
them. But that is only partly true. It has taken some races of men thou-sands of years to become
contemptuous of the moon, and to the assumption of knowledge.
Antbody who looks at the moon and says "I know all about that poor orb,"is, of course, bored by the moon

671 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/15() 21:49:22
>>670
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672 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/15() 23:12:34
>>667
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673 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/16() 06:13:52
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>669@ƺ݇U5
http://umewakabashi.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/cat3985205/index.html

674 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/21() 23:17:33
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675 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/23() 01:08:05
yz̒̌ꂩ瓖Ă͂܂镨IсAa󂷂镶͂łBǂȂa󂨊肢v܂B
Brands don't just fail.
There are no examples of successful brands that one day suddenly became unsuccessful.
Rather,yP.they always survive^they die naturally^someone kills them^something restores themz.
And as with murder, a brand is most likely to be killed by someone close.
It is true that competitors are always trying to undermine their rivals and consumers are constantly changing their minds, but a brand almost never dies without its own management pushing the knife.

No one has killed a brand as effectively as Gerald Ratner, who in 1991 famously described the products sold in his own Ratners chain of jewellers as gworthless,h destroying 95percent of the company's value in minutes.
Even Coca-Cola, one of the largest companies in the world, nearly destroyed itself in 1985 when management decided to change the 100-year-old formula for its product.
After just ten weeks (and millions of dollars in advertising), gnewh Coke was abandoned and goldh Coke returned.

676 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/23() 01:10:30
>>675̑łB

Some brands fail through simple lack of research.
When Kentucky Fried Chicken went to HongKong, its slogan gfinger-licking goodh came across in Chinese as gKFC will eat your fingers off.h
Likewise in HongKong, gCome alive with the Pepsi generationh was translated to gPepsi will bring your ancestors back from the dead.h

The negative image of a subsidiary's brand can also damage the parent company.
Famous for music and air travel, the giant Virgin Corporation was hit hard when it purchased a crumbling train company.

yQ.Because of^In fear of^In case of^Instead ofz associating Virgin with fun and excitement, consumers started to picture late and broken-down trains.

However, the relationship between Virgin and its founder Richard Branson is still largely positive.
Other companies are not so lucky.
The home furnishing company Martha Stewart Living recently announced that its income had fallen by 86percent.

677 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/23() 01:12:17
>>676̑łBŏIłB

The company blamed increasing competition, but the biggest reason was that the founder and chief executive Martha Stewart herself was arrested on criminal charges of insider trading.
Stewart denied doing anything wrong, but her name, which used to promote a wholesome image, suddenly suggested something other than a happy and well-organized home.

Failure is not always terminal.
The satellite broadcaster SkyTV was a terrible brand when it first started, combining technical incompetence with vulgar, unsophisticated programming.
But a strong effort to improve the quality of service, expand programs, and polish the image of its biggest product, soccer, has made SkyTV one of the UK's leading brands.
As its chief executive Tony Ball said recentlyF gSaying you've got SkyTV is yR.extremely^increasingly^in fact^no longerz embarrassing at a dinner party.h
Some brands can come back from the dead.

678 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/23() 20:28:57
Peter MilwardWhat's in a name?łB

To a visitor from abroad like myself one of the many things that stand out among the Japanese is their names.

Unlike the majority of English names, most Japanese names have to do with nature.

English names mostly fall under one of three headingsF referring to one's father (as in Johnson), or to one's work (as in Thatcher), or to one's hometown (as in Churchill).

But most Japanese names refer to objects in nature, such as mountains and valleys, fields and rivers, trees and flowers.

For this reason it seems to me that, whereas the English are a prosaic and practical people, the Japanese must surely be among the most poetic of nations.

I often wonder just how conscious the Japanese are of their family names.

Certainly, if I were a Japanese, I am sure I would be conscious and proud of my family name.

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679 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/23() 20:30:55
I would take delight in repeating it to myself, in much the same way as Juliet delights to repeat the name of RomeoF
gO Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?h

I would like to explore its various meanings and associations.

I would even come to see the whole world in relation to it.
But unfortunately I can't say the same of my English surname.
Like the majority of the English surnames, it is so common and ordinary, so humdrum and workaday.

It points not to heaven but to earth, and on earth not to the world of nature, made (as we say) by God, but to the works of men specifically, to the common (if important) task of warding off possible enemies from the local mill.

Hence in my boyhood I never liked my surname.
I used it as sparingly as possible.
On the other hand, I did like my Christian name, with its memory of St.Peter and its meaning of rock.

680 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/23() 20:32:49
As for the Japanese, they have no such reason to be ashamed of their surnames.

Nevertheless, they have much reason to repeat them with delight, to reflect on their poetic associations, and even to form a philosophy of life on their basis.

Only, I am afraid that, in their case, too, the saying is true that gfamiliarity breeds contempth, or rather, in their own wards, that gthe foot of the lampstand is darkh.

They are too close to their own names as I was to my own in my boyhood to recognize their inner glory.
They are, moreover, too close to the natural things to which their names refer to recognize the inner glory in them, either.

As with all wonder, it is necessary to view names and things not from close-up but from a distance.
For, as we say, gdistance lends charmh and gat night, at a distance, under an umbrellah.

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681 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/24() 01:22:04

New York chef Wayne Nish shapes chopped lamb and tuna into two tiny mountains and places them on a square white plate.
He then drops a little caviar between them, like a waterfall flowing between two peaks.
Little else is on the plate.
gA customer might not realize that the idea for this presentation comes from Japanese cuisine,h Nish says,g but the influence is great.h
The same could be said of the New York restaurant scene. Over the past ten years, Japanese cuisine has spread beyond Manhattan sushi bars and into ordinary restaurants, where the chefs are blond and into the menus are in English.
Kitchens are likely to begin a meal with edamame in place of dinner rolls, serve fish raw rather than deep-fried and use soba instead of pasta.
Sometimes the Japanese influence is as subtle as a drop of ponzu added to a dressing; at other times it's much less subtle, such as mashed potatoes creamed with wasabi.
So many of the finest New York chefs work Japanese ingredients or techniques into their cooking that Ruth Reichl, editor of a famous food magazine, says:gI would say there are none that don't.h

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682 F񁗉p׋F2006/08/24() 18:11:25

683 FgF2006/08/25() 20:10:09
݂Ȃ܏ꂳ܂ł
treasurelesson7-1̘a󂨊肢܂

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, while brief and relatively
small, stands as a pivotal event in the formation of a new country,
Canada. The battle, lasting little more than a half hour, would
ultimately bring French colonial rule in North America to an end,
secure British control of present day Canada and unite two
previously antagonistic peoples. In retrospect, the ability of
the French and English to compromise after the Vattle of the
Plains of Abraham was important in the formation of Canada.
As great as the effects of the battle proved to be, however,
proportions among later generations of Canadians.

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